John 10:23 "And Jesus walked in the temple, in
"And Jesus walked in the temple, in
Attached to the original
temple of Solomon was "the porch of judgement" where king
Solomon had constructed a large hall 50 cubits long and 30
cubits wide because of the enormous porch in front.
Originally there was cedar from floor to ceiling. This was
the hall of judgement where the king would make judgements
and exercise justice.
The "porch" or "portico" was
located on the east side of the outer court of the New
Testament temple of Herod, and it rested on a massive
Herodian retaining wall (which incidentally can still be seen
in part at the present Temple wall area). The wall that
supported it was 400 cubits high resting in the valley below
and made of marvelous stones.
According to Josephus this
was the area of the original temple that survived and was
still standing in Jesus' day probably because of its immense
size and beauty the Chaldeans left it standing. Its
immenseness presented a marvelous appearance. Josephus says,
"Its fineness, to such as had not seen it, was incredible;
and to such as had seen it was greatly amazing."
It was in these cloisters
that the Levites resided and it was here that the doctors of
the law met to hear and answer questions.
The porch of Solomon was no
doubt a special place for Jesus. It
was here that Jesus was seen often, speaking and teaching
the people or just walking, as in John 10 during the
festival of "lamps" or chanukkah, which commemorates the
re-dedication of the temple and of God to His people. Later,
after His death his disciples gathered here often.
Bibliography on Ancient Customs
The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised
by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008
Return to Ancient Customs
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