Archaeology of Ancient Assyria
archaeology the ancient city of Khorsabad is also known as Dur-Sharrukin (Mound
of Sargon). In the year 1843 Paul Emile Botta began excavating the site and
uncovered the palace of Sargon II (722-705 B.C.). The whole palace area along
with the accompanying buildings was about 25 acres, about 1/30th
of the entire city. Inside the palace Botta uncovered reception halls with their
winged animals, sculptures, bas-reliefs, and many other artifacts with
inscriptions everywhere. All of this gave a peculiar insight into the advanced
level of art that existed in ancient Assyria. The wall-carvings revealed scenes
from everyday life, the practices of religion, and the military campaigns
(victories) of the Assyrian king who had conquered and deported the Northern
Kingdom of Israel.
During the next
century the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago performed some
extensive excavations and uncovered many more texts and inscriptions from
Sargonís palace, including the Khorsabad annals which record the events during
the reign of king Sargon II. It is definitely noteworthy that these annals
included the fall of Samaria, the captivity, the rebuilding of the city, and the
placement of a governor. This was also recorded in another Khorsabad inscription
called the "Display Inscription", which is a description of the first decade and
a half of king Sargon's reign.
reliefs in the palace of Sargon revealed just how fierce the warriors of ancient
Assyria were who plundered Samaria. In 1932 the Oriental Institute in Chicago
also discovered a king list from the palace of Sargon in Khorsabad that reveals
a list of Assyrian rulers.
"Heaven and earth will pass away but My Word will abide forever."