Archaeology of Ancient Assyria




Asshur (Assur) was the first capital of ancient Assyria. In fact the name "Assyria" is a derivative of the name "Asshur," and is used in ancient literature as a name for a god, a city, and a territory. The modern name of the site of ancient Asshur is Qala’at Sherqat and it is located on a hill which overlooks the Tigris River about 25 miles south of Tell Hassuna. Any trade that passed north south east or west usually passed through this ancient city.


The Ebla Tablets discovered in Syria reveal an enormous amount of the earliest history of this city. Austen Henry Layard began archaeological excavations at this site in 1847 which continue to this day. Many discoveries relating to the goddess Ishtar have been uncovered, along with numerous inscriptions, tablets, and pottery. Layard’s work unearthed many finds including a black basalt statue with an inscription from Shalmaneser III. In 1853 an assistant of Layard (Rassam) discovered the Rassam Cylinder which recorded that the great Ziggurat was erected in 1820 B.C. and was rebuilt by Tiglath-pileser I around 1110 B.C.). There were also rows of steles discovered of Assyrian kings from Adad-nirari I to Ashurbanipal, alomg with the tombs and sarcophagi of other kings.


King Sargon II moved the capital of Assyria from Asshur to Calah, then to Nineveh, and then to Khorsabad.


Also see Archaeological Discoveries


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Archaeology of Ancient Assyria

Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Introduction - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Overview - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Brief History of Ancient Assyria - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Archaeology and Assyria Archaeological Discoveries - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Neo Assyrian Kings - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Scriptures about Ancient Assyria Bible Dictionaries - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Conclusion - Archaeology of Ancient Assyria Ancient Assyria Khorsabad - Ancient Assyria Ashur - Ancient Assyria Calah - Ancient Assyria Nineveh - Ancient Assyria Copyright Bible History Online Archaeology and Ancient Assyria



Ancient Assyria

Ancient Assyria and Archaeology

Archaeological Discoveries

Paul Emil Botta - French Archaeologist

Austen Henry Layard - British Archaeologist

List of Later Assyrian Kings

The Ancient City of Nineveh

The Ancient City of Khorsabad

The Ancient City of Calah

The Ancient City of Asshur

Scriptures about Ancient Assyria

Bible Dictionaries

Bible Encyclopedias

Assyrian Texts - Ancient Documents

Conclusion - Heart Message and Devotional


Archaeology and Ancient Assyria

Bible History Online