Ancient Near East
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Ancient Chaldeans in Biblical Archaeology.
This painting depicts an ancient inhabitant of Chaldea, an official who was being presented with a land grant by Merodach-baladan II (according to the black marble inscription). The Chaldeans were descendants of Arphaxad, the third of the five sons of Shem (See the Table of Nations in Genesis 10). Chaldea also spelled Chaldaea, Assyrian Kaldu, Babylonian Kasdu, Hebrew Kasddim, Aramaic Kasdaye. Chaldea is mentioned frequently in the Old Testament. Chaldea was a country in the ancient Near East in the fertile and swampy southern regions of Tigris and Euphrates Valley in ancient Mesopotamia. Its capital was Babylon, and Abraham is mentioned as having been called by God from Ur of the Chaldees. The boundaries of Chaldea were Mesopotamia on the north, the Arabian Desert on the west, the Persian Gulf on the south, and the Zagros mountains of Persia on the east. Its ancient name was Shinar because the LORD came down and changed their languages and shook the people out of the land to populate the rest of the world. The ancient empires that arose out of the Tigris and Euphrates Valley were Assyria, Babylonia, and Persia. They were all very united in spite of their many rulers and spoke the ancient Akkadian language. Most of the Chaldean buildings were made of brick, unlike the Egyptians who used stone. Anything dating before 2000 BC are very shapeless ruins of temples and other buildings with their high platforms and winding staircases. At the top were altars for sacrifice and a place for the priests who observed the stars. The excavations have been quite extensive around Babylon, although the area is near impossible to excavate due to the high water table. There are some rare Chaldean sculpture located at various museums including the Louvre.
Ur of the Chaldees (Bible History Online) - Small Map of Ancient Ur of the Chaldeans
. The Bible mentions that Abraham, the
first Hebrew, was called by God to leave Ur of the Chaldees and to journey to a
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Archaeology Discoveries and the Ancient Biblical World
The Black Obelisk. In the 1840's a British man named Austen Henry Layard had a desire to travel to the Middle East and dig around some of the strange looking mounds near the City of Mosul. He had heard many tales about things being found in these mounds. He was looking for any trace of evidence that would lead him to the lost city of Nineveh, the capital of the ancient Assyrian Empire. Little did he know that one of his discoveries would turn Europe upside down with excitement. He discovered a black limestone monument which is known today as The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III. This discovery brought a new authenticity and historicity to some of the stories in the Bible. It also gained him the support of the British Museum, and all the finances he needed to continue his excavations, and become known as "The Father of Assyriology."
The Pilate Inscription. It wasn't long ago when many scholars were questioning the actual existence of a Roman Governor with the name of Pontius Pilate, the procurator who ordered Jesus' crucifixion. In June 1961 Italian archaeologists led by Dr. Frova were excavating an ancient Roman amphitheatre near Caesarea-on-the-Sea (Maritima) and uncovered this interesting limestone block. On the worn face is a monumental inscription which is part of a larger dedication to Tiberius Caesar which clearly says that it was from "Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judea."
The Megiddo Seal Bearing King Jeroboam's Name. It is very interesting that the Jasper Seal, found at Tel Megiddo bearing the name of King Jeroboam who ruled in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, would contain the symbol for their rival, the Southern Kingdom of Judah. But in examining all of the circumstances involved and seeing what the Bible says it is no wonder that the prosperous and victorious Northern Kingdom of Israel would boast with a symbol of their enemy.
The Tomb of Cyrus the Great. An inscription on the tomb of the great Persian monarch read: "O man, whoever you are and wherever you come from, for I know that you will come--I am Cyrus, son of Cambyses, who founded the Empire of the Persians and was king of the East. Do not grudge me this spot of earth which covers my body." - Cyrus". Is it true that Isaiah the Hebrew prophet mention Cyrus by name almost 200 years before he was born?
Sennacherib's Hexagonal Prism. This amazing discovery excavated in Nineveh in the 1830 records the Assyrian king Sennacherib's 8th campaign, which includes his siege of Jerusalem during the reign of "Hezekiah the Judahite" in 701 BC. There are 500 lines of writing in the Akkadian language on this magnificent clay prism. Is the story true that it was purchased by an American from an antiquities dealer in Baghdad?
Coming Soon The Ishtar Gate of Babylon. During the last days of the southern kingdom of Judah the Jews were taken captive to a distant land called Babylon at the latter part of the 6th century BC. They passed through a beautiful entrance gate made of mud brick masonry and glazed skin which stood 47 feet tall, commonly referred to as the Ishtar Gate since its discovery at the turn of the 20th century near modern Baghdad, Iraq. The tall gate was dedicated to the gods by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylonia who reigned from 605—562 BC). Is it true that Hitler had it transported to Berlin? Where is the Ishtar Gate now?
[Next] The Remains of Solomon's Temple
The Bible mentions many things about people, places and events that happened in history. The Bible also gives an accurate chronology of those people, places and events. What is amazing is that modern archaeology has confirmed that the Bible has never made one error, or given any clear contradictions in all of its text in matters of historical fact. The paintings and illustrations below of archaeological discoveries and ruins illustrate this emphatically.
Paintings By Bjanikka Ben and Maliyah Weston
(More to come)
Bible History A
growing database of images and sketches of the ancient world.
Bible Maps A growing database of maps for study and teaching.
Reconstructions Sketches of ancient cities & monuments from archaeology.
The Popular Handbook of Archaeology and the Bible by Holden and Geisler. 352 Pages, 2012
The Story of the Bible
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