Ancient Near East
Images & Art
Maps & Geography
Mythology & Beliefs
People in History
Timelines & Charts
Ancient Egyptian Sphinx
Did the Great Sphinx of Giza survive the Flood of Noah?
Painting of the famous Sphinx at Giza, Egypt. The great Sphinx faces east, toward the rising of the sun and guards the entrance to the Nile Valley. It has the body of a lion with the head of a pharaoh or the god Horus. Over the centuries the body of the Sphinx has been buried under the sand and later dug back up. In 1798 Napoleon Bonaparte visited the Sphinx, and many others attempted to remove the sand and failed. In 1905 the sand was finally completely cleared away to reveal the awesomeness of the Sphinx at Giza in its fullness. The Sphinx is over 150 feet long, 70 feet high and 38 feet from shoulder to shoulder. This monstrous figure was carved from one piece of stone weighing hundreds of tons and the largest rock-carved sculpture on earth.
There are no records regarding the construction of the Sphinx and there is no way to know how it originally looked when it was created. One archaeological discovery called the Sphinx Stela reveals that the Sphinx at Giza was restored during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmosis IV of the 18th Dynasty in Egypt, about 1400 B.C. To this day archaeologists cannot tell exactly what types of tools were originally used to carve the Sphinx. They also cannot tell when it was originally carved, but that it was carved by a highly advanced style of engineering is certain.
It is interesting that the geological erosion on the Sphinx is due to water rather than sand and other desert elements. This would allow for the possibility of the Biblical account of the Flood and a highly advanced civilization living in the world before the Flood covered the whole world. The discovery of the Weld-Blundell Prism from ancient Sumer, indicates an extraordinary long life span of the kings of ancient Mesopotamia before the Flood. The subject of the Sphinx can only be left to speculation. The ancient Egyptian Sphinx is important in the study of Biblical Archaeology. It reveals the immense power and wealth of the ancient Egyptians mentioned so often in the Bible, as well as the possibility of a great flood in ancient times.
The history of ancient Egypt has been divided into three periods. The oldest of these is known as the "Old Kingdom," which consists of the first ten dynasties, beginning around 3500 BC and ending about 2400 BC.
Although the Bible never mentions the Pyramids of Egypt or the Great Sphinx, they stand as a testimony of what the Bible says about ancient Egypt. The fact that they are still standing is important in the study of Biblical Archaeology.
Genesis 7:17 - And the flood was forty days upon
the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was
lift up above the earth.
Genesis 9:15 - And I will remember my covenant, which [is] between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh.
46:8 "Egypt riseth up like a flood, and [his] waters are moved like the
rivers; and he saith, I will go up, [and] will cover the earth; I will
destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof."
Jeremiah 46:25 "The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and [all] them that trust in him"
The Great Sphinx at Giza (19th Century Photo)
Also see The Weld Blundell Prism
Images may be used for non-commercial use.
Archaeology Discoveries and the Ancient Biblical World
The Black Obelisk. In the 1840's a British man named Austen Henry Layard had a desire to travel to the Middle East and dig around some of the strange looking mounds near the City of Mosul. He had heard many tales about things being found in these mounds. He was looking for any trace of evidence that would lead him to the lost city of Nineveh, the capital of the ancient Assyrian Empire. Little did he know that one of his discoveries would turn Europe upside down with excitement. He discovered a black limestone monument which is known today as The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III. This discovery brought a new authenticity and historicity to some of the stories in the Bible. It also gained him the support of the British Museum, and all the finances he needed to continue his excavations, and become known as "The Father of Assyriology."
The Pilate Inscription. It wasn't long ago when many scholars were questioning the actual existence of a Roman Governor with the name of Pontius Pilate, the procurator who ordered Jesus' crucifixion. In June 1961 Italian archaeologists led by Dr. Frova were excavating an ancient Roman amphitheatre near Caesarea-on-the-Sea (Maritima) and uncovered this interesting limestone block. On the worn face is a monumental inscription which is part of a larger dedication to Tiberius Caesar which clearly says that it was from "Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judea."
The Megiddo Seal Bearing King Jeroboam's Name. It is very interesting that the Jasper Seal, found at Tel Megiddo bearing the name of King Jeroboam who ruled in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, would contain the symbol for their rival, the Southern Kingdom of Judah. But in examining all of the circumstances involved and seeing what the Bible says it is no wonder that the prosperous and victorious Northern Kingdom of Israel would boast with a symbol of their enemy.
The Tomb of Cyrus the Great. An inscription on the tomb of the great Persian monarch read: "O man, whoever you are and wherever you come from, for I know that you will come--I am Cyrus, son of Cambyses, who founded the Empire of the Persians and was king of the East. Do not grudge me this spot of earth which covers my body." - Cyrus". Is it true that Isaiah the Hebrew prophet mention Cyrus by name almost 200 years before he was born?
Sennacherib's Hexagonal Prism. This amazing discovery excavated in Nineveh in the 1830 records the Assyrian king Sennacherib's 8th campaign, which includes his siege of Jerusalem during the reign of "Hezekiah the Judahite" in 701 BC. There are 500 lines of writing in the Akkadian language on this magnificent clay prism. Is the story true that it was purchased by an American from an antiquities dealer in Baghdad?
Coming Soon The Ishtar Gate of Babylon. During the last days of the southern kingdom of Judah the Jews were taken captive to a distant land called Babylon at the latter part of the 6th century BC. They passed through a beautiful entrance gate made of mud brick masonry and glazed skin which stood 47 feet tall, commonly referred to as the Ishtar Gate since its discovery at the turn of the 20th century near modern Baghdad, Iraq. The tall gate was dedicated to the gods by Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylonia who reigned from 605—562 BC). Is it true that Hitler had it transported to Berlin? Where is the Ishtar Gate now?
[Next] The Remains of Solomon's Temple
The Bible mentions many things about people, places and events that happened in history. The Bible also gives an accurate chronology of those people, places and events. What is amazing is that modern archaeology has confirmed that the Bible has never made one error, or given any clear contradictions in all of its text in matters of historical fact. The paintings and illustrations below of archaeological discoveries and ruins illustrate this emphatically.
Paintings By Bjanikka Ben and Maliyah Weston
(More to come)
Bible History A
growing database of images and sketches of the ancient world.
Bible Maps A growing database of maps for study and teaching.
Reconstructions Sketches of ancient cities & monuments from archaeology.
The Popular Handbook of Archaeology and the Bible by Holden and Geisler. 352 Pages, 2012
The Story of the Bible
© Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)