What is the Western Wall?
The Western Wall is located in Jerusalem near the Dome of the Rock, and it is sacred to Jews around the world. It is all that remains of the Second Temple during the time of Jesus, which was destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. It stands 160 feet long and 60 feet tall, and it was originally part of the retaining wall holding up the massive “Platform” or ground floor of the Temple compound.
At the entrance there is a ten foot tall sign that says these words:
“Jewish tradition teaches that the Temple Mount is the focal point of Creation. In the center of the mountain lies the “Foundation Stone” of the world. Here Adam came into being. Here Abraham, Isaac and Jacob served God. The First and Second Temples were built upon this mountain. The Ark of the Covenant was set upon the Foundation Stone itself. Jerusalem was chosen by God as the dwelling place of the Shechinah. David longed to build the Temple, and Solomon his son built the First Temple here about 3,000 years ago. It was destroyed by Nevuchadnezzar of Babylon. The Second Temple was rebuilt on its ruins seventy years later. It was razed by the Roman legions over 1,900 years ago. The present Western Wall before you is a remnant of the western Temple Mount retaining walls. Jews have prayed in its shadow for hundreds of years, an expression of their faith in the rebuilding of the Temple. The Sages said about it: ‘The Divine Presence never moves from the Western Wall.’ The Temple Mount continues to be the focus of prayers for Jews all over the world.”