Kudurru of Melishihu

Kudurru of Melishihu Small

Relief of the Kudurro of Melishihu

This gray limestone relief was a Kudurru (large boundary stone) bearing the records of gifts and land grants made by various kings of the Kassite dynasty of ancient Babylon. The slab of stone bears many symbols of ancient deities who were invoked to protect from encroachment.

Louvre Excerpt

Kudurru of Melishihu
Taken from Babylonia to Susa
Kassite period (1202-1188 BC)
Gray Limestone
H 0.65 m; W 0.30 m
Sb 22


"The kings of Babylon from the Kassite dynasty made generous gifts to their vassals. Record of this was, in principle, kept on the boundary posts, the kudurru of the lands that had been made over. In actual fact it was inscribed on great slabs, or standing stones, kept in the temples. These lists of donations were placed under the protection of the greatest possible number of gods, most often represented in their symbolic form and arranged according to the hierarchy of the pantheon. However, at the top, are symbols of the three heavenly gods; Sin (moon), Shamash (sun) and Ishtar (Venus), in order of their position in the heavens, rather than their importance. They were surpassed by the supreme triad: Anu (sky), Enlil (air) symbolized by their horned crowns and Ea (fresh water from the abyss), symbolized by a kind of sceptre carried by a goat-fish. Below we find the emblems of several other gods; that of Marduk, patron-god of Babylon, is identifiable as a pointed hoe placed on a stand and the serpent-dragon which guards the underworld of the god. The same dragon carries the scribe's stylet, which is the emblem of Nabu, Marduk's son. These emblems were difficult to interpret, even for the ancients who sometimes inscribed the name of the gods symbolized next to the symbols themselves" - Louvre

"Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities. " - 2 Kings 17:24

Limestone Relief of the Kudurro of Melishihu

Copyright © 2001 The Louvre Louvre Musée

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The Art of Ancient Egypt, Revised by Robins, 272 Pages, Pub. 2008


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Female Worshipper- Uruk
Funerary Head of an Elamite
Stele of Mesha, King of Moab
Sarcophagus of Eshmunazor II, king of Sidon
Stele Showing the Storm-God Baal
Fertility Goddess - Ugarit
Oskoron I - Byblos
The Spinner Relief
The Archers of Darius
Bull Capital From Darius I Palace
Sargon II and a High Official
Tablet of Sargon's 8th Campaign
Winged Assyrian Bulls
Law-Codex of Hammurabi
Hero Choking a Small Lion
Kudurru of Melishihu
Hittite God - Gold Figurine
Seated Statue of Gudea, prince of Lagash
Foundation Nail of Ur Ba'u 
Cylinder-Seal Of Sharkalisharri
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
Urnanshe (King of Lagash) Relief
Ebih-II, the Superintendent of Mari 
Tablet Of Pre-Cuneiform Script
King and Eunuch Attendant Relief
Human-Headed Winged Bull
Bearded Man Holding Tendrils
Nubian With Animals and Skins
Head of a Roaring Lion
Cylinder Seal With Impression
Orthostat Relief - Hunting Scene
Sphinx Plaques
Throne With Bull Deity

Ancient Egypt

Model of a Riverboat
Ritual Figure of the 12th Dynasty
Stela of Mentuwoser
Coffin of Khnum-nakht
Sphinx of Senwosret III
Face of Senwosret III
Pectoral with the Name of Senwosret II
Statuette of a Hippopotamus
Seated Statue of Hatshepsut
Ostracon of Senenmut
Chair of Renyseneb
Heart Scarab of Hatnofer
Kneeling Statue of Tuthmosis III
Arm Panel from a Ceremonial Chair
Sphinx of Amenhotep III


Pendant in the form of a man's head - Carthage