Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Numbers 7

1 - On the day that Moses had finished setting up the tabernacle, and had anointed it and sanctified it, with all its furniture, and the altar with all its vessels, and had anointed and sanctified them;

2 - the princes of Israel, the heads of their fathers' houses, offered. These were the princes of the tribes. These are they who were over those who were counted:

3 - and they brought their offering before The LORD, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for every two of the princes, and for each one an ox: and they presented them before the tabernacle.

4 - The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

5 - "Accept these from them, that they may be used in doing the service of the Tent of Meeting; and you shall give them to the Levites, to every man according to his service."

6 - Moses took the wagons and the oxen, and gave them to the Levites.

7 - He gave two wagons and four oxen to the sons of Gershon, according to their service:

8 - and he gave four wagons and eight oxen to the sons of Merari, according to their service, under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

9 - But to the sons of Kohath he gave none, because the service of the sanctuary belonged to them; they carried it on their shoulders.

10 - The princes gave offerings for the dedication of the altar in the day that it was anointed, even the princes gave their offerings before the altar.

11 - The LORD said to Moses, "They shall offer their offering, each prince on his day, for the dedication of the altar."

12 - He who offered his offering the first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah,

13 - and his offering was:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

14 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

15 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

16 - one male goat for a sin offering;

17 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab.

18 - On the second day Nethanel the son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, gave his offering.

19 - He offered for his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

20 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

21 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

22 - one male goat for a sin offering;

23 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Nethanel the son of Zuar.

24 - On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun

25 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was a hundred and thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

26 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

27 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

28 - one male goat for a sin offering;

29 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Eliab the son of Helon.

30 - On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben

31 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

32 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

33 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

34 - one male goat for a sin offering;

35 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Elizur the son of Shedeur.

36 - On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon

37 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

38 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

39 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

40 - one male goat for a sin offering;

41 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old: this was the offering of Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

42 - On the sixth day, Eliasaph the son of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad

43 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

44 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

45 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

46 - one male goat for a sin offering;

47 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

48 - On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim

49 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

50 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

51 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

52 - one male goat for a sin offering;

53 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Elishama the son of Ammihud.

54 - On the eighth day Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of Manasseh

55 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

56 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

57 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

58 - one male goat for a sin offering;

59 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

60 - On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin

61 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

62 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

63 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

64 - one male goat for a sin offering;

65 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Abidan the son of Gideoni.

66 - On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan

67 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

68 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

69 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

70 - one male goat for a sin offering;

71 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

72 - On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ochran, prince of the children of Asher

73 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

74 - one golden ladle of ten shekels, full of incense;

75 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

76 - one male goat for a sin offering;

77 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Pagiel the son of Ochran.

78 - On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali

79 - gave his offering:one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels,one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering;

80 - one golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense;

81 - one young bull,one ram,one male lamb a year old, for a burnt offering;

82 - one male goat for a sin offering;

83 - and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two head of cattle, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs a year old. This was the offering of Ahira the son of Enan.

84 - This was the dedication of the altar, on the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve silver platters, twelve silver bowls, twelve golden ladles;

85 - each silver platter weighing one hundred thirty shekels, and each bowl seventy; all the silver of the vessels two thousand four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary;

86 - the twelve golden ladles, full of incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of the sanctuary; all the gold of the ladles weighed one hundred twenty shekels;

87 - all the cattle for the burnt offering twelve bulls, the rams twelve, the male lambs a year old twelve, and their meal offering; and the male goats for a sin offering twelve;

88 - and all the cattle for the sacrifice of peace offerings twenty-four bulls, the rams sixty, the male goats sixty, the male lambs a year old sixty. This was the dedication of the altar, after it was anointed.

89 - When Moses went into the Tent of Meeting to speak with The LORD, he heard his voice speaking to him from above the mercy seat that was on the ark of the Testimony, from between the two cherubim: and he spoke to him.


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Numbers Images and Notes

The Book of Numbers

Numbers 14:14 - And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survery - Numbers
Hebrew Name - Bemidhbar "in the wilderness"
Greek Name - Numbers "numberings"
Author - Moses
Date - From 1490-1451 BC Approximately
Theme - The Journey to the Promised Land
Types and Shadows - In Numbers Jesus is the Pillar of Cloud by Day and the Pillar of Fire by Night

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Summary of The Book of Numbers

The book of Numbers takes its name from the account of the census that happened two times among the congregation of Israel in Numbers 1-4 and Numbers 26. The Greek title was used even though there is really no connection with the "numberings." The original Hebrew title which means "in the wilderness," is much more accurate, because the book of Numbers is it's really an accurate history of the events that happened during the period of wandering in the wilderness and not necessarily a book about statistics. The book of Numbers seems to follow naturally after the book of Leviticus in the order of the books of Moses in the Old Testament. After the children of Israel received the laws at Mount Sinai, they began the journey as described in the book of Exodus, and they were ready to march directly into the land of Canaan. The book of Numbers reveals how the children of Israel became prepared, and went to various trials, and how they were sinful in not trusting the Lord. Their sinful ways resulted in 37 years of wandering through the harsh wilderness. The book of Numbers concludes with the children of Israel once again at the edge of the land of Canaan, where they received instructions for the conquest of Canaan and the division of the land.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

The principle divisions of the book are as follows:

Outline of the Book of Numbers

1) The preparation for the departure from Sinai (1:1-10:10). The events described here took place in nineteen days. In this time a census was taken of all men who were over twenty and who could serve in military efforts (1-4). The total obtained was 603,550 (1:46). This would indicate that the total population of the group was probably near three million. The census was followed by the cleansing and blessing of the congregation (5-6), the offering of gifts from the various tribes (7), the consecration of the Levites (8) and the observance of the Passover at Sinai (9:1-14).

2 ) The journey from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (10:11-14:45). This section includes the account of the coming of the quail (11), the rebellion against Moses by Miriam and Aaron (12), and the fateful mission of the spies (13, 14).

3) The wanderings of the desert wilderness (15-19). As noted above, this covered a period of thirty-seven years, from the end of the second to the beginning of the fortieth year in the wilderness. Ch. 15 includes various laws and a record of capital punishment for Sabbath breaking. The rebellion of Korah (ch. 16) and the budding of Aaron's rod (ch. 17) are also mentioned here.

4 ) The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites at Kadesh till they reach "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho" (20-36: 13). Notable sections of this are the story of Balaam (22:2-24:25), the zeal of Phinehas (ch. 25), the second census (26:1-51) , instructions for dividing the land (26:52-27: 11), the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor (27: 12-23), various laws concerning offerings and vows ( 28-30 ), the war with Midian (ch. 31), the settlement of the tribes east of the Jordan (ch. 32), a review of the locations at which Israel had camped during their wanderings (33: 1-49), more instructions concerning the conquest and division of Canaan (33:50-34:29 ), the appointment of the cities of refuge (ch. 35) and instructions concerning the marriage of land-owning Israelite women (ch. 36).

ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient Bronze Snake

Bronze Snake from Lachish

Bronze Snake from Lachish, Late Bronze Age

Quick Reference Maps - Numbers

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Canaan Before Joshua

Kadesh barnea

Moab and Ammon

 

Numbers Resources

The Wilderness Wanderings

More About the Book of Numbers
Numbers in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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