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Numbers 28

1 - The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

2 - "Command the children of Israel, and tell them, 'See that you present my offering, my food for my offerings made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to me, in their due season.'

3 - You shall tell them, 'This is the offering made by fire which you shall offer to The LORD: male lambs a year old without defect, two day by day, for a continual burnt offering.

4 - You shall offer the one lamb in the morning, and you shall offer the other lamb at evening;

5 - with one tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil.

6 - It is a continual burnt offering, which was ordained in Mount Sinai for a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to The LORD.

7 - Its drink offering shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb. You shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the LORD in the holy place.

8 - The other lamb you shall offer at evening. As the meal offering of the morning, and as its drink offering, you shall offer it, an offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to The LORD.

9 - "'On the Sabbath day, two male lambs a year old without defect, and two tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering:

10 - this is the burnt offering of every Sabbath, besides the continual burnt offering, and its drink offering.

11 - "'In the beginnings of your months, you shall offer a burnt offering to The LORD: two young bulls, and one ram, seven male lambs a year old without defect;

12 - and three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two tenth parts of fine flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram;

13 - and one tenth part of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering to every lamb; for a burnt offering of a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to The LORD.

14 - Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.

15 - One male goat for a sin offering to The LORD; it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and its drink offering.

16 - "'In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is The LORD's Passover.

17 - On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast. Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days.

18 - In the first day shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work;

19 - but you shall offer an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to The LORD: two young bulls, and one ram, and seven male lambs a year old; they shall be to you without defect;

20 - and their meal offering, fine flour mixed with oil. You shall offer three tenths for a bull, and two tenths for the ram.

21 - You shall offer one tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs;

22 - and one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.

23 - You shall offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.

24 - In this way you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to The LORD. It shall be offered in addition to the continual burnt offering, and its drink offering.

25 - On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work.

26 - "'Also in the day of the first fruits, when you offer a new meal offering to the LORD in your feast of weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall do no regular work;

27 - but you shall offer a burnt offering for a pleasant aroma to The LORD: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old;

28 - and their meal offering, fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths for each bull, two tenths for the one ram,

29 - one tenth for every lamb of the seven lambs;

30 - one male goat, to make atonement for you.

31 - Besides the continual burnt offering, and its meal offering, you shall offer them and their drink offerings. See that they are without defect.


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Numbers Images and Notes

The Book of Numbers

Numbers 14:14 - And they will tell [it] to the inhabitants of this land: [for] they have heard that thou LORD [art] among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and [that] thy cloud standeth over them, and [that] thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night.

The Old Testament - A Brief Overview

Bible Survery - Numbers
Hebrew Name - Bemidhbar "in the wilderness"
Greek Name - Numbers "numberings"
Author - Moses
Date - From 1490-1451 BC Approximately
Theme - The Journey to the Promised Land
Types and Shadows - In Numbers Jesus is the Pillar of Cloud by Day and the Pillar of Fire by Night

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

Summary of The Book of Numbers

The book of Numbers takes its name from the account of the census that happened two times among the congregation of Israel in Numbers 1-4 and Numbers 26. The Greek title was used even though there is really no connection with the "numberings." The original Hebrew title which means "in the wilderness," is much more accurate, because the book of Numbers is it's really an accurate history of the events that happened during the period of wandering in the wilderness and not necessarily a book about statistics. The book of Numbers seems to follow naturally after the book of Leviticus in the order of the books of Moses in the Old Testament. After the children of Israel received the laws at Mount Sinai, they began the journey as described in the book of Exodus, and they were ready to march directly into the land of Canaan. The book of Numbers reveals how the children of Israel became prepared, and went to various trials, and how they were sinful in not trusting the Lord. Their sinful ways resulted in 37 years of wandering through the harsh wilderness. The book of Numbers concludes with the children of Israel once again at the edge of the land of Canaan, where they received instructions for the conquest of Canaan and the division of the land.

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

The principle divisions of the book are as follows:

Outline of the Book of Numbers

1) The preparation for the departure from Sinai (1:1-10:10). The events described here took place in nineteen days. In this time a census was taken of all men who were over twenty and who could serve in military efforts (1-4). The total obtained was 603,550 (1:46). This would indicate that the total population of the group was probably near three million. The census was followed by the cleansing and blessing of the congregation (5-6), the offering of gifts from the various tribes (7), the consecration of the Levites (8) and the observance of the Passover at Sinai (9:1-14).

2 ) The journey from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea (10:11-14:45). This section includes the account of the coming of the quail (11), the rebellion against Moses by Miriam and Aaron (12), and the fateful mission of the spies (13, 14).

3) The wanderings of the desert wilderness (15-19). As noted above, this covered a period of thirty-seven years, from the end of the second to the beginning of the fortieth year in the wilderness. Ch. 15 includes various laws and a record of capital punishment for Sabbath breaking. The rebellion of Korah (ch. 16) and the budding of Aaron's rod (ch. 17) are also mentioned here.

4 ) The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites at Kadesh till they reach "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho" (20-36: 13). Notable sections of this are the story of Balaam (22:2-24:25), the zeal of Phinehas (ch. 25), the second census (26:1-51) , instructions for dividing the land (26:52-27: 11), the appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor (27: 12-23), various laws concerning offerings and vows ( 28-30 ), the war with Midian (ch. 31), the settlement of the tribes east of the Jordan (ch. 32), a review of the locations at which Israel had camped during their wanderings (33: 1-49), more instructions concerning the conquest and division of Canaan (33:50-34:29 ), the appointment of the cities of refuge (ch. 35) and instructions concerning the marriage of land-owning Israelite women (ch. 36).

ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient Bronze Snake

Bronze Snake from Lachish

Bronze Snake from Lachish, Late Bronze Age

Quick Reference Maps - Numbers

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Canaan Before Joshua

Kadesh barnea

Moab and Ammon

 

Numbers Resources

The Wilderness Wanderings

More About the Book of Numbers
Numbers in the Picture Study Bible
Timeline of the Ancient World
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