Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online
Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

Bronze Standard from Hazor showing the head of a goddess and two snakes.

 

ILLUSTRATION

The Tabernacle of Moses

The Tabernacle in the Wilderness

The ancient Tabernacle of Moses illustration with the curtain fence, the bronze laver, the bronze altar, the holy place, and the badger skin covering. (Click to Enlarge)

Wiriting Instruments
Painted sketch of ancient writing instruments

Important Topics for Bible Study
 

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs
 

Ancient People
 

Geography
the wilderness
the mount of God
 

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament

pyramids.gif

Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings
 


Numbers 21

1 - The Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the South, heard that Israel came by the way of Atharim. He fought against Israel, and took some of them captive.

2 - Israel vowed a vow to The LORD, and said, "If you will indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities."

3 - The LORD listened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities. The name of the place was called Hormah.

4 - They traveled from Mount Hor by the way to the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom The soul of the people was very discouraged because of the journey.

5 - The people spoke against God, and against Moses, "Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no bread, and there is no water; and our soul loathes this light bread."

6 - The LORD sent venomous snakes among the people, and they bit the people. Many people of Israel died.

7 - The people came to Moses, and said, "We have sinned, because we have spoken against The LORD, and against you. Pray to The LORD, that he take away the serpents from us." Moses prayed for the people.

8 - The LORD said to Moses, "Make a venomous snake, and set it on a pole. It shall happen, that everyone who is bitten, when he sees it, shall live."

9 - Moses made a serpent of brass, and set it on the pole. If a serpent had bitten any man, when he looked at the serpent of brass, he lived.

10 - The children of Israel traveled, and encamped in Oboth.

11 - They traveled from Oboth, and encamped at Iyeabarim, in the wilderness which is before Moab, toward the sunrise.

12 - From there they traveled, and encamped in the valley of Zered.

13 - From there they traveled, and encamped on the other side of the Arnon, which is in the wilderness, that comes out of the border of the Amorites: for the Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.

14 - Therefore it is said in the book of the Wars of The LORD, "Vaheb in Suphah, the valleys of the Arnon,

15 - the slope of the valleys that incline toward the dwelling of Ar, leans on the border of Moab."

16 - From there they traveled to Beer; that is the well of which the LORD said to Moses, "Gather the people together, and I will give them water."

17 - Then Israel sang this song:"Spring up, well! Sing to it,

18 - the well, which the princes dug,which the nobles of the people dug,with the scepter, and with their poles."From the wilderness they traveled to Mattanah;

19 - and from Mattanah to Nahaliel; and from Nahaliel to Bamoth;

20 - and from Bamoth to the valley that is in the field of Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looks down on the desert.

21 - Israel sent messengers to Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

22 - "Let me pass through your land. We will not turn aside into field, or into vineyard. We will not drink of the water of the wells. We will go by the king's highway, until we have passed your border."

23 - Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his border, but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness, and came to Jahaz. He fought against Israel.

24 - Israel struck him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, even to the children of Ammon; for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.

25 - Israel took all these cities. Israel lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all its villages.

26 - For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even to the Arnon.

27 - Therefore those who speak in proverbs say,"Come to Heshbon.Let the city of Sihon be built and established;

28 - for a fire has gone out of Heshbon,a flame from the city of Sihon.It has devoured Ar of Moab,The lords of the high places of the Arnon.

29 - Woe to you, Moab!You are undone, people of Chemosh!He has given his sons as fugitives,and his daughters into captivity,to Sihon king of the Amorites.

30 - We have shot at them.Heshbon has perished even to Dibon.We have laid waste even to Nophah,Which reaches to Medeba."

31 - Thus Israel lived in the land of the Amorites.

32 - Moses sent to spy out Jazer. They took its villages, and drove out the Amorites who were there.

33 - They turned and went up by the way of Bashan. Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.

34 - The LORD said to Moses, "Don't fear him, for I have delivered him into your hand, with all his people, and his land. You shall do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon."

35 - So they struck him, with his sons and all his people, until there were no survivors; and they possessed his land.


Select a Chapter
Numbers 1 Numbers 2 Numbers 3 Numbers 4 Numbers 5
Numbers 6 Numbers 7 Numbers 8 Numbers 9 Numbers 10
Numbers 11 Numbers 12 Numbers 13 Numbers 14 Numbers 15
Numbers 16 Numbers 17 Numbers 18 Numbers 19 Numbers 20
Numbers 21 Numbers 22 Numbers 23 Numbers 24 Numbers 25
Numbers 26 Numbers 27 Numbers 28 Numbers 29 Numbers 30
Numbers 31 Numbers 32 Numbers 33 Numbers 34 Numbers 35
Numbers 36


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Numbers 21 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The armies of Israel now begin to emerge out of the wilderness, and to come into a land inhabited, to enter upon action, and take possession of the frontiers of the land of promise. A glorious campaign this chapter gives us the history of, especially in the latter part of it. Here is, I. The defeat of Arad the Canaanite (v. 1-3). II. The chastisement of the people with fiery serpents for their murmurings, and the relief granted them upon their submission by a brazen serpent (v. 4-9). III. Several marches forward, and some occurrences by the way (v. 10-20). IV. The celebrated conquest of Sihon king of the Amorites (v. 21-32), and of Og king of Bashan (v. 33-35), and possession taken of their land.

Outline
 

Photo of the Sinai Wilderness
Photo of the Sinai Wilderness

ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient Bronze Snake Bronze Snake from Lachish

Bronze Snake from Lachish, Late Bronze Age

Number 21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

ARCHAEOLOGY

Ancient Standard with Two Snakes

Bronze Standard Showing Snakes