Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History Online

Bible History Online Picture Study Bible  Picture Study Bible with Maps and Background Information

 

Matthew 16

1 - The Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing him, asked him to show them a sign from heaven.

2 - But he answered them,"When it is evening, you say, 'It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.'

3 - In the morning, 'It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.' Hypocrites! You know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but you can't discern the signs of the times!

4 - An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will be no sign given to it, except the sign of the prophet Jonah."He left them, and departed.

5 - The disciples came to the other side and had forgotten to take bread.

6 - Jesus said to them,"Take heed and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."

7 - They reasoned among themselves, saying, "We brought no bread."

8 - Jesus, perceiving it, said,"Why do you reason among yourselves, you of little faith, 'because you have brought no bread?'

9 - Don't you yet perceive, neither remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you took up?

10 - Nor the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you took up?

11 - How is it that you don't perceive that I didn't speak to you concerning bread? But beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees."

12 - Then they understood that he didn't tell them to beware of the yeast of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

13 - Now when Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying,"Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?"

14 - They said, "Some say John the Baptizer, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

15 - He said to them,"But who do you say that I am?"

16 - Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

17 - Jesus answered him,"Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.

18 - I also tell you that you are Peter,and on this rockI will build my assembly, and the gates of Hadeswill not prevail against it.

19 - I will give to you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound in heaven; and whatever you release on earth will have been released in heaven."

20 - Then he commanded the disciples that they should tell no one that he was Jesus the Christ.

21 - From that time, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up.

22 - Peter took him aside, and began to rebuke him, saying, "Far be it from you, Lord! This will never be done to you."

23 - But he turned, and said to Peter,"Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me, for you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of men."

24 - Then Jesus said to his disciples,"If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

25 - For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, and whoever will lose his life for my sake will find it.

26 - For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world, and forfeits his life? Or what will a man give in exchange for his life?

27 - For the Son of Man will come in the glory of his Father with his angels, and then he will render to everyone according to his deeds.

28 - Most certainly I tell you, there are some standing here who will in no way taste of death, until they see the Son of Man coming in his Kingdom."


Select a Chapter
Matthew 1 Matthew 2 Matthew 3 Matthew 4 Matthew 5
Matthew 6 Matthew 7 Matthew 8 Matthew 9 Matthew 10
Matthew 11 Matthew 12 Matthew 13 Matthew 14 Matthew 15
Matthew 16 Matthew 17 Matthew 18 Matthew 19 Matthew 20
Matthew 21 Matthew 22 Matthew 23 Matthew 24 Matthew 25
Matthew 26 Matthew 27 Matthew 28


Select a Book of the Bible
Genesis      Exodus      Leviticus      Numbers      Deuteronomy     
Joshua      Judges      Ruth      1 Samuel      2 Samuel     
1 Kings      2 Kings      1 Chronicles      2 Chronicles      Ezra     
Nehemiah      Esther      Job      Psalms      Proverbs     
Ecclesiastes      Song of Solomon      Isaiah      Jeremiah      Lamentations     
Ezekiel      Daniel      Hosea      Joel      Amos     
Obadiah      Jonah      Micah      Nahum      Habakkuk     
Zephaniah      Haggai      Zechariah      Malachi      Matthew     
Mark      Luke      John      Acts      Romans     
1 Corinthians      2 Corinthians      Galatians      Ephesians      Philippians     
Colossians      1 Thessalonians      2 Thessalonians      1 Timothy      2 Timothy     
Titus      Philemon      Hebrews      James      1 Peter     
2 Peter      1 John      2 John      3 John      Jude     
Revelation     
Matthew Images and Notes

The Book of Matthew

Matthew 2:2 - Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

Matthew 18:3 - And Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew in The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Matthew by Rembrandt
Painting of St. Matthew with Angel by Rembrandt

Introduction to The Gospel of Matthew

The Word Gospel. The first book of the English Bible that most of us read from is the Gospel of Matthew. Matthew is the first of the four gospel writings, yet there is only one gospel about Jesus Christ and there are four different writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The word "Gospel" means "good news", and the good news is about Jesus Christ dying on the cross and then 3 days later conquering death and rising from the dead, offering salvation to all mankind, this is the Gospel.

Summary of the Book of Matthew

Brief Summary. Jesus of Nazareth is indeed the long awaited Messiah King of he Jews as foretold by the ancient Jewish prophets. He came to reveal how to enter the "Kingdom of Heaven."

Purpose. It is very obvious that the Gospel of Matthew was written for the purpose of revealing that the man Jesus of Nazareth was actually the King of the Jews, the long awaited Messiah, the sovereign Lord Jehovah who came from heaven to this world revealing to mankind the "kingdom of heaven". The King of the Jews, the Messiah Jesus fulfilled every prophecy that was spoken about Him in the ancient Jewish Scriptures, in the Old Testament. The prophecies that spoke of the "Kingdom" that the Messiah would bring would be a spiritual Kingdom that would never be destroyed.

Map of Israel in the Time of Matthew

Audience. When reading the book of Matthew it becomes clear that the writer was speaking to a Jewish audience. One of the obvious reasons is that the "Kingdom of Heaven" is mentioned over 30 times and never the Kingdom of God. This is because the Jews do not speak the name of God and this could be the very reason that Matthew used this phrase. There are many times while reading the book that an event happens and a prophecy is cited. The event is mentioned as the direct fulfillment of a promise made to the Jews by one of their Jewish prophets, and the fulfillment of the prophecy was happening before their very eyes. It is clear that the audience of people are the Jews, they were awaiting their King, and Matthew records that the King had come and they rejected their King.

Authorship. Early Christian writings and traditions have attributed the authorship of the Gospel of Matthew to the apostle Matthew. Many scholars question whether or not Matthew was the true author of the first Gospel, but there is no way at this current time to be absolutely positive based on historical evidence. Most agree that Matthew was the author. The Bible reveals that Matthew, or Levi, as he was sometimes called, collected taxes for the Romans. One day Jesus passed by and called Matthew to come and follow him, and Matthew did so. The Bible also records that Matthew held a banquet at his house with several of his tax collector friends and Jesus being invited to the banquet was the guest of honor (Mark 2:14-15). The Bible also provides a list of the 12 apostles and Matthew was named among them.

Date. There is no way to determine with absolute certainty the date that the book of Matthew was written. Most scholars agree that the book of Matthew was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., this is because Jesus spoke of many events as though they had not happened yet. A large number of scholars do not believe in the miracle of prophecy and therefore insist that the Gospel of Matthew was written after the fall of Jerusalem because of the accuracy of the predicted events.

Language. There are many references among the books in the history of the early church that state that the Gospel of Matthew was originally written by Matthew in the biblical Hebrew language, and he was writing to an audience of  Jews throughout the world who had become followers of Jesus. Unfortunately there is no evidence whatsoever of a Hebrew or Aramaic manuscript, so many scholars have agreed that the Gospel of Matthew is not actually a translation from Hebrew into Greek, but was actually written in Greek. The whole subject of the Gospel of Matthew being written in Hebrew must remain speculation rather than fact.

Outline of the Book of Matthew

The King Comes and His Kingdom is Rejected - Matthew 1-12
The Rejection of the King's Teaching and Ministry - Matthew 13-25
The King's Trial and Crucifixion - Matthew 26-27
The King's Victory and Resurrection - Matthew 28
The King's Commissioning of His Apostles - Matthew 28

Matthew - Interesting Notes

Study Bible Icon Matthew mentions four women in his genealogy which is not typical for Jewish genealogical records: Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheeba who were all associated with some sort of immorality. Tamar (incest), Rahab (harlotry), Ruth (a descendant of Moab who committed incest) and Bathsheba (adultery). Christ's greatness was in Himself not his genealogy.

Study Bible Icon There are many intimations for the word "King" in Matthew if one takes the time to look. For example in chapter one there is a royal genealogy mentioning king David at the start. Chapter two reveals the kingly gifts of the Magi. Chapter three calls John the Baptist a "herald" which is a cultural term that represents a herald for a king. Etc. 

Study Bible Icon There are similarities with the number four. The four colors in the veil of the Temple were purple, scarlet, white, and blue. The four faces of the cherubim are the lion, ox, man, eagle. The four Gospel accounts are Matthew, Mark, Luke, John. 

Quick Reference Maps - Matthew

Israel in New Testament Times

The Kingdom of Herod the Great

The Divisions of Herod's Kingdom

The Flight into Egypt

The Baptism of Jesus

The Beginning of Christ's Ministry

Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee

Jesus Ministers in Galilee

Jesus Comes to Jerusalem

Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus

Jesus Journeys from Nazareth to Jerusalem

The Final Journey of Jesus to Jerusalem

 

Jesus written in Hebrew
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus" would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A). Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means "The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".

Matthew Resources

Outline of the Life of Jesus in Harmony
Simple Map of First Century Israel
Topographical Map of First Century Israel
Map of the Ministry of Jesus
Map of the Roads in Ancient Israel
Map of the Roman Empire
 

 

Bibliography Information
Bible History Online - Picture Study Bible, King James Version. New York: American Bible Society: www.bible-history.com, 1995-2013. Bible History Picture Study Bible. Mar 29, 2017.

Copyright Information
© Bible History Online

Many Thanks to The British Museum, The Louvre, The Oriental Institute, Dr. Amihai Mazar, Dr. Dan Bahat, Dr. Craig Johnson, Yaacov Kuc, Chuck Smith, Jim Darden, Ron Haaland, The Translators of the KJV, and many others including Jesus, the Word of God.

Picture Study Bible
Bible History Online

Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)
Online Bible (KJV)
Naves Topical Bible
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary