Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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Exodus 14

1 - The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

2 - "Speak to the children of Israel, that they turn back and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal Zephon. You shall encamp opposite it by the sea.

3 - Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, 'They are entangled in the land. The wilderness has shut them in.'

4 - I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will follow after them; and I will get honor over Pharaoh, and over all his armies; and the Egyptians shall know that I am The LORD." They did so.

5 - The king of Egypt was told that the people had fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was changed towards the people, and they said, "What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?"

6 - He prepared his chariot, and took his army with him;

7 - and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

8 - The LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel; for the children of Israel went out with a high hand.

9 - The Egyptians pursued them. All the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, his horsemen, and his army overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baal Zephon.

10 - When Pharaoh came near, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and behold, the Egyptians were marching after them; and they were very afraid. The children of Israel cried out to The LORD.

11 - They said to Moses, "Because there were no graves in Egypt, have you taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you treated us this way, to bring us out of Egypt?

12 - Isn't this the word that we spoke to you in Egypt, saying, 'Leave us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?' For it would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the wilderness."

13 - Moses said to the people, "Don't be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of The LORD, which he will work for you today: for the Egyptians whom you have seen today, you shall never see them again.

14 - The LORD will fight for you, and you shall be still."

15 - The LORD said to Moses, "Why do you cry to me? Speak to the children of Israel, that they go forward.

16 - Lift up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go into the middle of the sea on dry ground.

17 - Behold, I myself will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall go in after them: and I will get myself honor over Pharaoh, and over all his armies, over his chariots, and over his horsemen.

18 - The Egyptians shall know that I am The LORD, when I have gotten myself honor over Pharaoh, over his chariots, and over his horsemen."

19 - The angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them, and stood behind them.

20 - It came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel; and there was the cloud and the darkness, yet gave it light by night: and one didn't come near the other all night.

21 - Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

22 - The children of Israel went into the middle of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left.

23 - The Egyptians pursued, and went in after them into the middle of the sea: all of Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

24 - In the morning watch, the LORD looked out on the Egyptian army through the pillar of fire and of cloud, and confused the Egyptian army.

25 - He took off their chariot wheels, and they drove them heavily; so that the Egyptians said, "Let's flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians!"

26 - The LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen."

27 - Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it. the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the middle of the sea.

28 - The waters returned, and covered the chariots and the horsemen, even all Pharaoh's army that went in after them into the sea. There remained not so much as one of them.

29 - But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand, and on their left.

30 - Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.

31 - Israel saw the great work which the LORD did to the Egyptians, and the people feared The LORD; and they believed in The LORD, and in his servant Moses.


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Exodus 14 Images and Notes

Brief Summary: The Israelites leave Egypt, the Israelites pass through the Red Sea on dry land, the Lord overthrows the Egyptian army in the midst of the sea.

Outline
1 God instructs the Israelites in their journey.
5 Pharaoh pursues after them
10 The Israelites murmur
13 Moses comforts them
15 God instructs Moses
19 The cloud removes behind the camp
21 The Israelites pass through the Red Sea
23 The Egyptians pursuing them are drowned.

Painting of Moses Dividing the Waters of the Red Sea
Painting of Moses Dividing the Waters of the Red Sea

Important Topics for Bible Study
Verse- Topic
1-2: the Lord commands the Israelites to encamp at Pihahiroth
3-4: God reveals why they were encamped there
5: Pharaoh grieves for leading the Israelites go from Egypt
8-9: Pharaoh pursues and overtakes the Israelites
10: the Israelites are filled with fear
11-12: the Israelites complain against Moses
13-14: Moses promises the Israelites that God will deliver them
15: Moses received encouragement from the Lord
16: the Israelites are encouraged to move forward
19-20: the pillar of cloud moves to defend the Israelites
21: Moses raises his staff and the sea divides
22: the Israelites walk across the Red Sea on dry ground
23: the Egyptians and their chariots pursue the Israelites into the sea
26: the Lord commands Moses to make the waters return
27-28: the waters return on the Egyptian army and they drown
29-30: every Israelite crossed to the other side safely
31: the Israelites feared the Lord and believed in him, and Moses
 

Quick Reference Map
Map of the Route of the Exodus
Map of the Possible Route of the Exodus (Click to Enlarge)

Ancient Customs
Egyptian chariot
pillar of a cloud
pillar of fire
Egyptian captains
Pharaoh's horsemen
Pharaoh's army
Egyptians marched
no graves in Egypt
the Rod of Moses
the camp of the Egyptians
strong east wind
a wall unto them
the morning watch
chariot wheels

Ancient People
God, Moses, Pharaoh
the Angel of the LORD

Geography
Egypt
the way of the land of the Philistines
Pihahiroth
Migdol
the Red sea
Baalzephon
the wilderness

The Parting of the Red Sea in 3d
The Parting of the Red Sea in 3d

Quick Reference Maps

The Exodus of the Hebrews

Mount Horeb

The Red Sea

Map of the Red Sea
Map of the Red Sea and Egypt (Click to Enlarge)

The Old Testament

pyramids.gif

Exodus Resources

Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Tabernacle
The Wilderness Wanderings