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Smiths Bible Dictionary

 

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Salem
        (peace).
        1. The place of which Melchizedek was king. Ge 14:18; Heb 7:1,2 No satisfactory identification of it is perhaps possible. Two main opinions have been current from the earliest ages of interpretation: (1). That of the Jewish commentators, who affirm that Salem is Jerusalem, on the ground that Jerusalem is so called in Ps 76:2 Nearly all Jewish commentators hold this opinion. (2). Jerome, however, states that the Salem of Melchizedek was not Jerusalem, but a town eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis, and gives its then name as Salumias, and identifies it with Salem, where John baptized.
        2. Ps 76:2 it is agreed on all hands that Salem is here employed for Jerusalem.

Bibliography Information
Smith, William, Dr "Definition for 'Salem' Smiths Bible Dictionary".
bible-history.com - Smiths; 1901.

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