Ancient Philistines Chained
 
Illustration of Prisoners of Rameses Chained to One Another

This sketch is from a relief depicting prisoners of Ramesses II, ancient Asiatic and Philistine captives. 

During the time of the Old Testament the Philistines were a non-Semitic people living by the seacoast of Israel. Their 5 main cities included: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron. The Philistines conquered almost all of Israel and subjugated the tribes of Israel in the 11th century BC. It was king David who pushed them back and little is mentioned of the Philistines after this. Later they left their religious devotion to Dagon, Astarte and other Ammonite deities to follow those of the Semites.

The Origin of the Philistines

The ancient Philistines dwelling in Canaan around 1200 BC were no doubt of Doric migrations. They appear to have been from the south coast of Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands (Crete), having been forced out of Europe by certain tribes who put an end to Mycenaean civilization and the Hittite empire in Asia Minor. According to Amos 9:7 the Philistines came from Caphtor (Crete or SW Asia Minor), they are also called Cretans in Zephaniah 2:5. It is interesting that David's bodyguard were referred to as "the Cherethithes and the Pelethites," which is referring to the Cretans and the Philistines. Little is known about their language.

Map of the Territory of the Philistines

Map of Philistine Cities and Expansion

Philistines in Smiths Bible Dictionary

Ancient Philistines

Philistines in Easton's Bible Dictionary


Relevant Bible Verses The Bible mentions the "Philistines"

Genesis 26:18 - And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.

Judges 10:6 - And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.

1 Samuel 17:3 - And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and [there was] a valley between them.

Judges 16:28 - And Samson called unto the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen me, I pray thee, only this once, O God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.

1 Samuel 4:6 - And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, What [meaneth] the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? And they understood that the ark of the LORD was come into the camp.

1 Samuel 14:4 - And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, [there was] a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one [was] Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

1 Samuel 28:15 - And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.

2 Chronicles 28:18 - The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the low country, and of the south of Judah, and had taken Bethshemesh, and Ajalon, and Gederoth, and Shocho with the villages thereof, and Timnah with the villages thereof, Gimzo also and the villages thereof: and they dwelt there.

1 Samuel 5:8 - They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about [thither].

1 Samuel 31:7 - And when the men of Israel that [were] on the other side of the valley, and [they] that [were] on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.

2 Chronicles 17:11 - Also [some] of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and tribute silver; and the Arabians brought him flocks, seven thousand and seven hundred rams, and seven thousand and seven hundred he goats.

1 Samuel 10:5 - After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where [is] the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:

1 Samuel 27:1 - And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: [there is] nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.

1 Samuel 17:46 - This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.

2 Samuel 3:18 - Now then do [it]: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.

Obediah 1:19 - And [they of] the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and [they of] the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin [shall possess] Gilead.

1 Samuel 6:18 - And the golden mice, [according to] the number of all the cities of the Philistines [belonging] to the five lords, [both] of fenced cities, and of country villages, even unto the great [stone of] Abel, whereon they set down the ark of the LORD: [which stone remaineth] unto this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

1 Samuel 28:4 - And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.

1 Samuel 18:17 - And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD'S battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.

1 Samuel 18:27 - Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

1 Samuel 7:3 - And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto the LORD with all your hearts, [then] put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.

Judges 15:5 - And when he had set the brands on fire, he let [them] go into the standing corn of the Philistines, and burnt up both the shocks, and also the standing corn, with the vineyards [and] olives.

1 Kings 15:27 - And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.

1 Samuel 17:1 - Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which [belongeth] to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.

1 Chronicles 14:10 - And David enquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand.

Jeremiah 25:20 - And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

Ezekiel 16:57 - Before thy wickedness was discovered, as at the time of [thy] reproach of the daughters of Syria, and all [that are] round about her, the daughters of the Philistines, which despise thee round about.

1 Chronicles 14:15 - And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, [that] then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.

1 Samuel 6:4 - Then said they, What [shall be] the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, [according to] the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague [was] on you all, and on your lords.

1 Samuel 14:19 - And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that [was] in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
 

Ancient Sketches Logo

Reconstructions & Sketches of the Ancient World 

New Illustrated Bible History A growing database of images and sketches of the ancient world.

Paintings and Sketches by Bjanikka Ben, Galina Nelson, Maliyah Weston and more

Ancient Customs

Ancient Patriarch's Clothing in the Time of Abraham 

The Name Jesus in Ancient Hebrew Script

The Watchtower in the Vineyard

Ancient Seals or Signets

Bronze Mirrors

Dining in Ancient Rome

Ancient Sun Dial

Ancient Lattice Windows

Ancient Cuneiform Writing

Ancient Harp from Ur

Jewish Captives Playing the Lyre

Ancient Beards and Styles

Ancient Wine Press

Ancient Altars

Tax Collector

Ancient Israelite House

First Century Israelite Houses

Wealthy Israelite House

Ancient Sheep Fold

Ancient Ox Carts

Ancient Women Traveling

Ancient Waterpot

Egyptian Procession Carrying an Ark

Jesus Reading Isaiah Scroll

Ancient Torah Scroll

Man Carrying Lamb

Man Threshing Wheat

Woman with Two Oxen and a Plough

Making Olive Oil

Ancient Banquet

Ancient Potter

Ancient Sandals

Farmer with Oxen and Cart

Farmer Ploughing

Ancient Merchant

Ancient Wells

Ancient Chairs

Ancient Clothing

Ancient Symbols

The Egyptian Staff of Inheritance

Crown of Thorns

The Ancient Obelisk

The god Asshur of Ancient Assyria

Ancient Diadems

Ancient Crowns

Ancient Phylacteries

Ancient Fringes or Tassels

Ancient Rulers

Shishak of Egypt Mentions Judah

Sennacherib King of Assyria

Tiberius Caesar

Assurnasirpal II of Assyria

Jewish Religious Leader

Roman Procurator

Tomb of Darius I Carved into Cliff

Head of Alexander the Great 

Antiochus IV Epiphanes 

Nebuchadnezzar Cameo

Nebuchadnezzar Inscription

Ramesses I

Vespasian Coin

Augustus Wearing Civic Crown

Assurnasirpal II Offering Libation

Vespasian Statue

Ancient Hittite King

Cyrus the Great Relief

Sargon II and Commander

Ashurnasirpal Statue

Sargon and Sacred Tree

Colossal Statue of Rameses II at Abu-Simbel

Ancient Persian King

The Sanhedrin

Ancient Buildings, Walls, Towers and Gates 

Phasael Tower

Herod's Theater

Hippicus Tower

Monument of King Alexander Jannaeus 

The Pool of Bethesda

Tomb of David

Tomb of Absalom

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Pool of Siloam

Damascus Gate

Capernaum Synagogue

Ancient Tracks Between Walls

Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria

Colosseum Coin

Color Drawing of the Colosseum Coin

Ancient Persian Column Capital

Ancient Wall Stone Styles

First Century Jerusalem Synagogue Stone

Ancient Walled City

The Ancient Buildings at Persepolis

Ancient Synagogue

Acropolis at Athens

The Parthenon

The Wailing Wall

Ancient Palaces, Halls, Stairways, and Gateways

Palace of Darius the Great

Hasmonean Palace

Herod the Great's Fortified Palace

Palace of Minos at Knossos

Palace of Caiaphas

Gateway to Sargon's Palace

Nebuchadnezzar's Palace Gateway

Babylon Hall of Lions

Gateway of Xerxes

Hall of a Hundred Columns Relief Persepolis

Great Hall of Seti I

The Great Stairway at Persepolis

Balawat Gates

Palace of Tiglath Pileser at Nineveh

Bronze Gates of Balawat

The Propylaea of Athens

Gateway to Khorsabad

Columns From the Hall of Xerxes

Bull's Head Capital from Susa

Palace of Darius and Susa Ruins

Colonnades From the Hall of Xerxes

Ancient Music

Ancient Cymbals

Ancient Harp

Ancient Horns

Ancient Drums

Ancient Dulcimer or Bagpipe

Ancient Flutes or Pipes

Ancient Handbell

Ancient Harps

Ancient Lutes

Ancient Trumpets

Ancient Sistrum or Rattle

Ancient Tambourines

Ancient Triangle Instrument

Ancient Dancing

Ancient Music Playing

Ancient Cities and Nations

Plan of the Site of Nineveh

Sketch of Ancient Lachish

Sketch of Nebuchadnezzar's City of Babylon

Plan of Abdon Reconstruction. Khirbet Adben

Ancient Thessalonica

Ancient Italy

Ancient Mound

Ancient Walled City

Ancient Greece

Persepolis Ruins

Nineveh

Israel's Topography

Ancient Bethlehem

Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus

Coin of Ephesus

Ancient Joppa

Ancient Tyre

Ancient Athens

Ancient Caesarea

Ancient Cana

Ancient Gebal

Ancient Malta

Ancient Moab

Ancient Sidon

Ancient Antioch

Ancient Capernaum

Ancient Miletus

Ancient Siloam

Ancient Smyrna

Ancient Tarsus

Ancient Thyatira

Ancient Troas

Tyre and Sidon

Bethlehem Ephratah

Ancient Colossae

Ancient Damascus

Ancient Ephesus

Ancient Gaza

Ancient Gods and Goddesses

Dagon the Fish-God of the Philistines

The god Asshur of Ancient Assyria

Apis the Sacred Bull of Egypt

Assyrian God Nisroch

Jupiter the Chief God of Rome

Juno the Roman Savior of Women

Mars the Roman God of War

Egyptian Goddess

Nebo, God of Babylon

Ancient Statue of Diana

Thank Offering to the Bird God

Persian King Killing a Monster

Marduk King of Babylon

Artemis in Her Temple

Altar to an Unknown God

Ancient Mummies, Sarcophagus, Tombs, and Ossuaries

Sarcophagus of Pharaoh Ai

First Century Jerusalem Ossuary

Ancient Phoenician Tomb

Rock Cut Tombs of Myra

Ancient Warfare

Assyrian Siege of Lachish Sketch 

Assyrian King Trods the Neck of His Enemy

Prisoners Under an Egyptian Kings Footstool

Egyptians Counting Enemy Hands

Ancient Spearman

Assyrian Slinger

Placing the Foot on the Captive

Roman Centurion

The Greek Phalanx

The Greek Soldier

The Greek Spearman

Ancient Sling

Ancient Helmets

Ancient Standards

Ancient Roman Army Standards

Persian Archers at Palace of Darius I

Assyrian War Chariot

Ancient Hittite Chariot

Judaea Defeat and Roman Eagle Coin

Ancient Hittite Soldiers from Carchemish

Cyrus Taking Babylon

Ancient Encampment

Ancient War Chariot

Judea Capta Coins

Roman Gladiators and Colosseum

Flavian Amphitheatre

Roman Colosseum Chariot

Gladiator Helmet

Bronze Gladiator Statue

Commodus Bust as Hercules

Gladiators Battle Wild Beasts

Gladiators Fighting Bears and Lions

Ancient Punishment

Assyrian Death Penalty 

Assyrians Blinding Their Prisoners 

Israelites Forced to Labor

Assyrian Fetters

The Roman Scourge

Hooks in their Lips

Ancient Asians and Philistines Chained

Assyrian King Blinding his Captives 

Binding Prisoners

Ancient Beheading

Crushing the Enemy

Cutting Idols in Pieces

Flaying Their Victims Alive

Chained Around the Neck

Captives Made Slaves of Egypt

Captive Being Skinned Alive

Ancient Torture

Seti I Crushing His Foes

Ancient Slavery of Women

Assyrian Brutality

Ancient Ships

Philistine Ships

Phoenician Ships

Pompeii Illustration Rolling Up a Sail

Paul's Ship to Malta

Greek Ship

Ancient Assyria

Royal Assyrian Chariot

Assyrian Stone Altar

Winged Bull Size

King Hunting Lions

Sennacherib Leading His Army

Sennacherib On His Throne

Assyrian Winged Genius

Army of Sennacherib Attacking a City

Ancient Assyria Discovery

Discovery of the Gigantic Head

Royal Lion Hunt

Bavian Cliff Relief

Winged Bull Guardians

The Black Obelisk

Ancient People and Animals

Ancient Greeks

Bust of an Ancient Woman

A Donkey

Canaanite Sphinx from Megiddo

Traveler with Packed Camel

Ancient Peoples

Ancient Phoenician

The Antichrist

Ancient Ziggurat's, Pyramids, and Temples

Reconstruction Sketch of the Ziggurat at Ur

Reconstruction Sketch of the Temple of Marduk, Babylon

Reconstruction of the Sumerian Oval Temple at Khafaje

Mayan Acropolis at Copan

Karnak - Temple of Amun

Luxor - Amun Cult Center near Karnak

Jerusalem Temple

Solomon's Temple Court

Solomon's Bronze Laver

Ancient Temple of Diana Coin

Pinnacle of the Temple

Greek Temple Ruins - Aphrodisias in Turkey

Second Temple Column Capital

The Pyramids of Giza

Herod's Temple

Solomon's Temple

Ancient Seas, Rivers, Mountains, Hills, and Valleys

The Ancient Nile River

Jerusalem's Hills

Jerusalem's Valleys

Mount Moriah

Ancient Sea of Galilee

The Island of Patmos

The Valley of Jezreel

Gethsemane

Illustrated Ancient Daily Life

Ancient Aqueducts

Ancient Fig Trees

Ancient Fishermen

Ancient Flat Roofs

Ancient Men's Hair

Ancient Lamps

Ancient Men's Head Covering

Ancient Mezuzah in Doorway

Ancient Oil Vases

Ancient Olive Press

Ancient Olive Trees

Ancient Roads

Ancient Windows

Ancient Women's Head Covering

(More to come)

New Bible Maps A growing database of maps for study and teaching.

Ancient Sketches

Bible History Online

The Story of the Bible


© Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)

Related Content