Antiochus Epiphanes
Illustration of the Head of Antiochus Epiphanes
Illustration of the Head of Antiochus Epiphanes

This sketch of a coin illustrates the head of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the Seleucid ruler who brought devastation upon the Jews in the second century BC.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164 BC), was the 8th ruler of the Seleucid empire. He was violently bitter against the Jews, and he made a furious and determined effort to exterminate them and their religion.

He devastated Jerusalem (168 BC), defiled the Temple, offered a sow on its altar, erected an altar to Jupiter, prohibited Temple worship, forbade circumcision on pain of death, sold thousands of Jewish families into slavery, destroyed all copies of Scripture that could be found, and slaughtered everyone discovered in possession of such copies, and resorted to every conceivable torture to force Jews to renounce their religion. This led to the Maccabaean revolt, one of the most heroic feats in history.  

"And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt." - Exodus 32:3,4 

"God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of a bull." - Numbers 23:22

"Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan." - 1 Kings 12:28-29  

Relevant Bible Verses The Bible mentions a lot Concerning "Greece" and the "Greeks"

Acts 21:37 - And as Paul was to be led into the castle, he said unto the chief captain, May I speak unto thee? Who said, Canst thou speak Greek?

Revelation 9:11 - And they had a king over them, [which is] the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue [is] Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath [his] name Apollyon.

John 19:20 - This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin.

Acts 16:1 - Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father [was] a Greek:

Mark 7:26 - The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter.

Luke 23:38 - And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Colossians 3:11 - Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond [nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.

Acts 16:3 - Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.

Romans 1:16 - For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.

Galatians 3:28 - There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

Romans 10:12 - For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

Galatians 2:3 - But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:

Zechariah 9:13 - When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

Acts 20:2 - And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,

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Tomb of Darius I Carved into Cliff

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Antiochus IV Epiphanes 

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Plan of the Site of Nineveh

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Sketch of Nebuchadnezzar's City of Babylon

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Persepolis Ruins


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Ancient Gods and Goddesses

Dagon the Fish-God of the Philistines

The god Asshur of Ancient Assyria

Apis the Sacred Bull of Egypt

Assyrian God Nisroch

Jupiter the Chief God of Rome

Juno the Roman Savior of Women

Mars the Roman God of War

Egyptian Goddess

Nebo, God of Babylon

Ancient Statue of Diana

Thank Offering to the Bird God

Persian King Killing a Monster

Marduk King of Babylon

Artemis in Her Temple

Altar to an Unknown God

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Sarcophagus of Pharaoh Ai

First Century Jerusalem Ossuary

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Rock Cut Tombs of Myra

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Assyrian Siege of Lachish Sketch 

Assyrian King Trods the Neck of His Enemy

Prisoners Under an Egyptian Kings Footstool

Egyptians Counting Enemy Hands

Ancient Spearman

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Placing the Foot on the Captive

Roman Centurion

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Persian Archers at Palace of Darius I

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Cyrus Taking Babylon

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Ancient War Chariot

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Flavian Amphitheatre

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Gladiator Helmet

Bronze Gladiator Statue

Commodus Bust as Hercules

Gladiators Battle Wild Beasts

Gladiators Fighting Bears and Lions

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Assyrians Blinding Their Prisoners 

Israelites Forced to Labor

Assyrian Fetters

The Roman Scourge

Hooks in their Lips

Ancient Asians and Philistines Chained

Assyrian King Blinding his Captives 

Binding Prisoners

Ancient Beheading

Crushing the Enemy

Cutting Idols in Pieces

Flaying Their Victims Alive

Chained Around the Neck

Captives Made Slaves of Egypt

Captive Being Skinned Alive

Ancient Torture

Seti I Crushing His Foes

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Assyrian Brutality

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Pompeii Illustration Rolling Up a Sail

Paul's Ship to Malta

Greek Ship

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King Hunting Lions

Sennacherib Leading His Army

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Assyrian Winged Genius

Army of Sennacherib Attacking a City

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Royal Lion Hunt

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Canaanite Sphinx from Megiddo

Traveler with Packed Camel

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Mayan Acropolis at Copan

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