Checks and Balances
The consuls were in charge of government and also of the army. The 300 citizen Senate
advised them at all times. In the history of the Roman Republic the Senate
was always the most powerful group. Only the Assembly
could approve or disapprove of one of their laws and only the assembly
elected Candidates for the office of consul. There was always a basic concept of
checks and balances.
The modern US constitution is based on these basic concepts of checks and
balances within the ancient government of the Roman Republic. Whether it be the
President, the Congress, or the courts, none can dominate the government. Each
branch has a way to check the actions of the other and the actions of each branch
balance the others.