- The followers of Romulus
were shepherds, hunters, farmers, and merchants who lived in small huts
scattered on the seven hills on which the city was built.
-The 6 kings who had followed Romulus were: Numa Pompilius
, Tullus Hostilius
, Ancus Martius, Tarquinius Priscus
, Servius Tullus
, and Tarquinius Superbus
- If you go to Rome today you can see parts of the Servian Wall
which was once believed to have been built by Servius Tullius.
- The Latins
were strongly influenced by the Greeks and the Etruscans
- The Etruscans, a hard and warlike people, settled in Tuscany (first
civilized people in Italy)
- In Tuscany they built cities, developed law codes, established trade and
were into art
- In the 8th century BC they controlled north and central Italy through a
chain of city-states
- They also had colonies on Corsica and traded with the Carthaginians living
- In southern Italy and eastern Sicily were Greek colonists (centers of
culture and commerce)
- They wanted to civilize (rather than conquer) the Latin tribes and teach
them skills and fine craftsmanship of the East, the Greek alphabet, and Greek
- There were also the Carthaginians (Sicily and Sardinia) who were commercial
rivals of Rome that exercised control over many city-states.
- The Romans fought the Carthaginians in the Punic
Wars for commercial and political control of the western Med.