The Book of Jeremiah
Jeremiah 1:17-19 - Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak unto them all that I command thee: be not dismayed at their faces, lest I confound thee before them. For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land. And they shall fight against thee; but they shall not prevail against thee; for I [am] with thee, saith the LORD, to deliver thee.
Jeremiah 3:16 - And it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith the LORD, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the LORD: neither shall it come to mind: neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit [it]; neither shall [that] be done any more. At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the LORD; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous
Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and
justice in the earth. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell
safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR
The Old Testament - A Brief OverviewSummary of The Book of Jeremiah
Jeremiah lived in the reigns of Josiah, Jehoa-haz ( Shallum ), Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin and Ze-dekiah. His long career as a prophet of Judah began in the thirteenth year of Josiah ( 627 BC ) and continued till the eleventh year of Zedekiah (586 BC ), when Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 1:2-3), although he continued to prophesy even after that event. He was "the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth," a town within an hour's walking distance of Jerusalem. He was called to be a prophet while still a young man (1:6). In this call, he learned that a northern enemy would bring about the destruction of Jerusalem ( 1:11-16).
Jeremiah's condemnation of the sins of the people aroused much hostility against him, both in his home town of Anathoth and in Jerusalem ( 11:18-23 ). It is even implied that his own family "dealt treacherously" with him (12:6). Despite these sorrows, however, this was to prove to be the happiest time of the ministry of the weeping prophet. Under the next four kings of Judah, Jeremiah spoke out fearlessly. He drew upon himself the anger of the court by predicting the capture and ultimate destruction of Jerusalem in consequence of the people's sins. He was forced into hiding by the anger of Jehoiakim, who cut his book of prophecies with a pen knife and burned them. After the preliminary captivity under Jehoiachin, Zedekiah was appointed by the Babylonians to serve as a puppet king. In time he sought to throw off the Chaldean yoke, but was warned by Jeremiah that the safest course to follow was to remain subservient (27:12) Finally, under Nebuchadnezzar, Jerusalem was destroyed, bringing to fruition the many pre-dictions of Jeremiah concerning the event. After the destruction of Jerusalem he remained for a long time in the city, but was finally forced to go to Egypt, along with his companion and secretary, Baruch. There, in the city of Tahpanhes, we have the last clear glimpses of his life; after this, nothing is certain. If he wrote 52:31, which is doubtful, he lived to extreme old age. There is a Christian tradition that the Jews at Tahpanhes, irritated by his rebukes, finally stoned him to death. On the other hand, however, there is a Jewish tradition to the effect that when Nebuchadnezzar conquered Egypt, Jeremiah and Baruch escaped to Judea where the prophet was allowed to die in peace.
There is good reason to believe that Jeremiah himself was responsible for the production of the book, although the actual writing was probably done by Baruch. In 36 :1-2,4,8,32, we read of his collecting and writing Jeremiah's prophecies. It is quite possible that he continued to do this in Egypt, until its present form was reached.
Outline of the Book of Jeremiah
The messages which constantly recur throughout Jeremiah's prophecies are:
1 ) The impending destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon;
The prophecies contained in the book are not in chronological order, a factor which makes logical analysis somewhat difficult; however, the following general divisions of the material may be seen:
1 ) The call of Jeremiah (ch. 1).
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