The Book of Isaiah
Isaiah 6:1-3 - In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.
Isaiah 9:1-7 - Nevertheless the dimness [shall] not [be] such as [was] in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict [her by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. Thou hast multiplied the nation, [and] not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, [and] as [men] rejoice when they divide the spoil. For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. For every battle of the warrior [is] with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but [this] shall be with burning [and] fuel of fire. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 53:1-7- Who
hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? For he
shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground:
he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty
that we should desire him. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows,
and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was
despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried
our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But
he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities:
the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are
healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own
way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, and
he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the
slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his
The Old Testament - A Brief OverviewSummary of The Book of Isaiah
The prophet Isaiah, whose name means "Jehovah is salvation," was the son of Amoz (1:1), not to be confused with the prophet Amos. He prophesied during the reign of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah and possibly Manasseh. This would mean that his ministry lasted from about 740 BC till about 700 BC. The vision which served as Isaiah's call to the prophetic ministry is recorded in chapter 6. From the description which is given of this vision, it is clear that it must have exerted tremendous influence over Isaiah throughout his life. The willingness to serve which he expressed so succinctly in 6: 8 remained undaunted in spite of the knowledge that he and his message would be rejected (6:9-13). In the years to follow, he not only spoke of things spiritual but he offered warnings and interpretations concerning the political issues of his time. Aside from the fact that he was married to a woman called the "prophetess" (8:3 ), who bore him two sons (7:3; 8:3 ), little is known of his personal history. Jewish tradition has it that he was placed in the trunk of a carob tree and sawn asunder by order of the wicked king Manasseh. Many suppose that Heb. 11:37 refers to him.
During the span of Isaiah's ministry, Judah underwent great periods of
change. His call came in the last year of King Uzziah's reign, about 740 BC.
Uzziah was, generally speaking, a good king and had brought to Judah a degree of
wealth and power which she had not known since the time of Solomon. With these
accomplishments, however, came the attendant sins of avarice, corruption,
oppression and religious formalism. While gaining materially, Judah had
retrogressed spiritually. Uzziah was succeeded by his son Jotham, who also
sought to encourage the worship of Jehovah but who failed, as had his father, to
break down the high places of idolatrous worship. Ahaz followed Jotham and set
about to replace the true worship with devotion to heathen idols. Though rebuked
by Isaiah, Ahaz led the people further in a march which, in time, was to bring
them to destruction. Following Ahaz as king was Hezekiah, one of the best ever
to reign over the southern kingdom. Hezekiah began his reign with a religious
reformation in which he "removed the high places, and broke
The major critical problem connected with the book of Isaiah is that of its unity and authorship. A large number of critics maintain that chapters 1-39 and 40-66 are two separate books by entirely different men, the author of the second portion being referred to as "Deutero-Isaiah" or "Second Isaiah." Although the scope of this brief article does not admit of a proper treatment of the problem, a few major points may be noted. Those who hold that the sections are by different authors assign chapters 40-66 to a period during the Babylonian captivity. To all appearances, the audience addressed is a different one from that of the first section. The references to Cyrus ( see outline below) are made in a manner to indicate that he was already on the scene and familiar to the group addressed. This school of thought also points out that nowhere is the claim of Isaiah authorship made in the second section and there is very little in the section to conflict with the theory of a later date. On the other hand, the following arguments may be adduced in support of the unity of the book. No extant manuscript gives any hint of the book's ever having been in any other form. There are certain unusual ideas and phrases which are common to both sections of Isaiah but which are seldom found elsewhere in the Old Testament. The local coloring in the second section would apply more aptly to Judea than to Babylon. Also, there are certain passages in the second division, such as references to the temple services, which must be pre-exilic. These, taken cumulatively, make a strong plea for the unity of the book. For a more detailed study of this problem, the reader is referred to standard commentaries and introductory works. Fortunately, the profound religious value which Isaiah possesses for us is not contingent on the solution of this difficult problem.
The contents of Isaiah may be analyzed as follows :
Outline of the Book of Isaiah
Section 1: Chapters 1:39
Select a Chapter
The Story of the Bible
The Old Testament
Summary of the Old Testament Books