The Book of Exodus
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
Bible Survery - Exodus
Quick Overview of Exodus. 1 The slavery and oppression of the Hebrews in Egypt. 2-3 The birth of Moses and his education in ancient Egypt, The life and calling of Moses to be the Hebrew deliverer of Israel. 4-11 Moses and Aaron approached the Pharaoh of Egypt, the hardening of Pharaoh's heart, the plagues of Egypt. 12-13 The First Passover, The Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. 14-15 The miracle of the parting of the Red Sea, The destruction of the Egyptian army. 16-18 The journey to Mount Sinai, the manna, the Sabbath, water from the rock, Jethro. 19-31 The giving of the law from God to Moses on Mount Sinai. 32-33 The sin of the golden calf, the consequences of idolatry. 34-40 The unbroken tables of the law written on stone, the building of the tabernacle.
Quick Summary of Exodus. The second book of Moses, also known as the second book of the Pentateuch is called "Exodus" because of all the events that take place in the first half of the book. The the clear focus is the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt. The word, "exodus" is derived from a Greek word meaning "going out." Hundreds of years elapsed between the time of the events described in the closing chapters of Genesis and those of the beginning of Exodus. The exact number of years between the migration of Jacob into Egypt until the exodus is given as 430 (Exodus 12:40-41). At the end of the book of Genesis the Hebrews were living in the fertile land of Goshen and was being fed from the granaries of the Pharaoh of Egypt. In the beginning of the book of Exodus the Hebrews are seen as slaves of the Egyptians, a nation without a country or a national unawareness of their calling from God. Exodus shows the development of Israel and the birth of a real nation, and the promises of God to Abraham begin to unfold.
After verse seven in the first chapter of the book of Exodus Israel is noticed by the Egyptians as being great in number and prosperous. In view of this the book of Exodus seems to fall into seven distinct sections:
Outline of the Book of Exodus
1) The sufferings of Israel (1:8-7:7). This section includes the birth, education and flight of Moses; his call to be deliverer of his people and his consequent return from Midian to Egypt; and his first ineffectual attempts to prevail upon Pharaoh to let the Israelites go, which resulted only in an increase in their burdens.
2) A manifestation of God's providential guidance of Israel, illustrated by the ten plagues (7:8-13:16). This section also includes the account of the observance of the first Passover (ch. 12).
3) The guiding of the people of Sinai (13:17-18:27), which tells of the departure and the miraculous crossing of the Red Sea. This section also contains a narrative of the principal events on the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai, including the coming of the manna, the observance of the Sabbath, the supply of water from the rock at Rephidim and the advice of Jethro concerning the civil government of the great mass of people.
4) The making of the covenant at Sinai, together with the reception of the Ten Commandments (19:1-24:18). The laws recorded in this section regulated the religious, civil, and social life of the Israelites.
5) Directions for the building of the tabernacle (24:18-31:18).
6) The renewing of the covenant after the sinful actions of the Israelites in connection with the making of the golden calf (32:1-35:3).
7) The actual building and dedication of the tabernacle of the Lord (35:4-40:38), under the supervision of the two master craftsmen, Bezalel and Oholiab.
Exodus is a book of redemption in which God delivers His people out of bondage and brings them into a special relationship with Himself.
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