The Books of Chronicles
1 Chronicles 28:9
- And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with
a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and
understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be
found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
28:10 - Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for
the sanctuary: be strong, and do [it].
The Old Testament - A Brief Overview
Bible Survey - Chronicles
Summary of The Books of Chronicles
Hebrew Name - Divrei Hayamim "Words of the Days"
Greek Name - Paralipomenon
(Greek form of the Hebrew)
Author - Ezra (According to Tradition)
Date - From 4004-536 BC Approximately
Theme of 1 Chronicles - The reign of King David
Theme of 2 Chronicles - The history of the Southern Kingdom of Judah
Types and Shadows - In Chronicles Jesus is the builder of the house of God
of 1 Chronicles. 1-9 Genealogical tables from Adam to the time of
Ezra. 10-29 the dual history of King Saul and King David (in connection
with the book of Samuel).
of 2 Chronicles. 2 Chronicles 1-9 the reign of King Solomon
(in connection with the book of Kings). 10-36 the history of various
kings in the kingdom of Judah from the division of the kingdom to the Babylonian
captivity (in connection with the second book of Kings).
The English version of the Bible places the books of Chronicles after Kings,
but in the Hebrew text they are placed at the very end of the Old Testament.
chart of Old Testament books in Hebrew order). The books of Chronicles were
originally one book, as in the case of Samuel and Kings. The Hebrew title is
translated the "words of the days", yet the word Chronicles is mainly adopted by
a theologian named Jerome who thought that they ought to bear the title from the
Greek word for time which is "Chronos". This title created a distraction from
the true meaning and purpose of this wonderful book. The main purpose of
Chronicles was to form a genealogical description of the 12 tribes of Israel
from the earliest recorded time. This was very important considering that there
was a mixed multitude that had returned from Babylon, and it was also important
to determine the lineage of Judah, and to reestablish the functions and order in
which each individual tribe was required to perform.
The author of Chronicles has a fervent desire to make the people of Israel
aware of the true glory of their kingdom, realizing that it traces back to David
and Solomon. There is nothing that would impress upon them a greater
understanding than taking them back through a detailed history of their kingdom,
with all of its glory and prosperity and also the horrible sin that led to the
captivity and the downfall of the theocracy. The author of Chronicles had a
constant focus on the Temple which had been destroyed and the dynasty of King
David. There is hardly any mention of the northern kingdom of Israel, it is
mainly concerned with Judah and the events in connection with King David, and
the building of the Temple. Solomon is not necessarily a huge focus other than
his preparations for building the Temple and its dedication. The worship of the
Temple is paramount and the functions of the Levites as well. The Kings of Judah
are stressed with great importance as well as the idolatry that seduced the
people of God.
Hebrew tradition credits Ezra has the author of the books of Chronicles, in
the beginning of the books trace the genealogical records all the way back to
Adam which took place in approximately 4004 BC. The book concludes with the Jews
in Babylon after the captivity.
The contents of the books of Chronicles may be outlined as follows:
Outline of the Books of Chronicles
I. Genealogical Matters (1 Chronicles 1-9) These genealogies begin with Adam (1
Chronicles 1:1) and are
brought up to the time of the writer (1 Chronicles 9). It is surprising to note the
large number of historical incidents mentioned in connection with the
individuals named in these lists. Many of these are taken from other Old
Testament scripture, but some find their origin elsewhere (1 Chronicles 4:9, 10, 38-43).
II. The Reign of David (1 Chronicles 10 -29)
1) The last days and death of Saul and the early reign of David (1 Chronicles 10-12).
2) The return of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 13-16). Included in this section is the
account of the misfortune of Uzzah, who was killed when he reached forth to save
the ark from falling (1 Chronicles 13).
3) David purposes to build the temple but is forbidden because of the great
amount of bloodshed to which he has been a party (1 Chronicles 17).
4) The account of David's conquests (1 Chronicles 18-20).
5) The census and the plague (1 Chronicles 21).
6) David's preparations for building the temple (1 Chronicles 22). Although David was
himself forbidden to build a temple for God, he set about to collect the
necessary materials for such a temple, that the task of his son Solomon might be
7) Designation of the duties of the Levites (1 Chronicles 23).
8) Organization of the government (1 Chronicles 24).
9) David's last words and his death (1 Chronicles 28-29).
III. The Reign of Solomon (2 Chronicles 1-9) This section includes the further preparation,
the building and the dedication of the Temple, as well as various other
activities of Solomon.
IV. The History of Judah to Its Fall (2 Chronicles 10 -36)
1) The revolt of the ten tribes and the reign of Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 10-12).
2) The reign of Abijah (2 Chronicles 13).
3) The reign of Asa (2 Chronicles 14-16). This was a period of prosperity in Judah as Asa
instituted a number of moral and religious reforms, establishing himself as a
servant of the Lord.
4) The reign of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17-20). This king was also diligent in his efforts
to serve God. He made considerable efforts to acquaint his people with the Law.
5) The reigns of Jehoram and Ahaziah (2 Chronicles 21:122:9).
6) The reign of Athaliah, the only queen of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:10-23:21).
7) The reign of Joash (2 Chronicles 24). Ascending to the throne at the age of seven,
Joash, advised by the high priest Jehoida, brought about the restoration of true
worship. After Jehoida's death, however, Joash himself slipped into the worship
8) Amaziah, Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz (2 Chronicles 25-28).
9) The reign of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29-32). After beginning his rule with a great
religious restoration, Hezekiah helped his nation to regain a measure of power
10) Manasseh and Amon (2 Chronicles 33).
11) The reign of Josiah (2 Chronicles 34-35). In the eighteenth year of a reign that began
when he was only eight years old, Josiah began the most sweeping religious
reforms which Judah had ever known. During the renovation of the temple, the
"book of the Law" was found, encouraging the people greatly in this time of
12) The last days of Judah (2 Chronicles 36). After a brief reign by Jehoahaz, the throne
was taken by Jehoiakim, who reigned for eleven years. During this period he was
a vassal alternatively to Egypt and Babylon. In an effort to revolt against the
Babylonian rule, he lost his life. He was succeeded by Jehoiachin, who reigned
only three months, after which he was carried to Babylon, where he lived a
number of years. The last of the Judean kings was Zedekiah. Nebuchadnezzar had
already plundered Jerusalem of much of its treasures and a considerable number
of its most promising men. This took place in two raids, in 606 and 597 BC. In
586 BC, during the reign of Zedekiah, the Babylonians struck once again, this
time leaving none but the poorest class of people to remain in Jerusalem. Five
years later, the Babylonians came to collect about 750 more captives, even after
a number, including Jeremiah, had fled to Egypt (Jeremiah 43).
More About the Book of
The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament
More About the Book of
1 Chronicles in the Picture
2 Chronicles in the Picture
Timeline of the Ancient
Back to the Old Testament
Back to Bible
© Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)
The Story of the Bible
The Old Testament
Adam and Eve
The Tower of Babel
Abraham the First Hebrew
Isaac, Son of Promise
Jacob and the 12 Tribes
Joseph and Egypt
Moses and the Exodus
The Giving of the Law
The Wilderness Wanderings
Joshua and the Promised Land
Samuel the Prophet
Saul, Israel's First King
The Divided Kingdom
The Northern Kingdom of Israel
The Southern Kingdom of Judah
The Assyrian Captivity
The Babylonian Captivity
The Return From Babylon
Bibliography and Credits
Summary of the Old Testament Books
Song of Solomon