The 12 Tribes of Israel

Genesis 49:1-2 - And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.

List of the 12 Tribes of Israel in the Old Testament
12 Tribes Mother Jacob's Blessing and Notes
Rueben Leah Although Rueben was Jacob's firstborn son, he lost his privileges and the tribe was given over to obscurity. Rueben was rash and was guilty of committing adultery with Bilhah, his father's concubine and his brother's mother.
Simeon Leah Simeon was to be scattered in Israel, and later became one of the weakest of the tribes. They were mainly absorbed by Judah and lost their identity there.
Levi Leah Levi would be divided from the tribes of Israel. Simeon and Levi were guilty of murdering the men of Shechem, and were therefore reprimanded by Jacob. The Levites were destined to be the priestly tribe who would not receive a tribal inheritance.
Judah Leah Judah was to increase in strength until Shiloh (the Messiah of peace). The right to rule (septre) would not depart from Judah. David descended from Judah. Jesus would descend from the line of David and he was called "the lion of tribe of Judah". Judah's name means praise.
Dan Bilhah Although Dan was given a small inheritance they would become a leading tribe, shrewd and clever, though they would be predators.
Naphtali Bilhah They would be free and prosperous, and later they were privileged that the Messiah would begin his ministry in their region and the light would dawn.
Gad Zilpah Gad was to be a victim of invaders but they would ultimately triumph. Their inheritance was east of the Jordan and subject to plunderers.
Asher Zilpah The tribe of Asher would enjoy prosperity and the blessings of God.
Issachar Leah Patient and capable as a worker of agriculture doing peaceful things.
Zebulun Leah They would settle in the coastal regions and trade. They were also privileged that the Messiah would minister in their region when He came.
Joseph Rachel Joseph would be numerous and blessed above the others and receive spiritual prosperity. God work it out that Joseph two sons Ephraim and Manasseh would partake of his inheritance and represent him among the tribes.
Benjamin Rachel Benjamin would be adventurous and warlike gaining the spoils of war. The first king of Israel, Saul, and also Saul of Tarsus (Paul the Apostle) were among those who descended from this tribe.

Jacob's blessings on the 12 tribes reflects a remarkable history of the tribes. Genesis 49

Genesis 49:10 - The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 

 

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The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament


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Old Testament Charts to Help with the Study of the Bible

Old Testament Charts

Old Testament Books
Old Testament Books in English Order
Old Testament Books in Hebrew Order

Old Testament Books - Hebrew Meanings

Divisions of the Old Testament

Timeline of the Pentateuch

Adam and Eve, a Type of Christ and the Church

The Table of Nations in Genesis 10

Lifespans in Genesis

The Lineage of Christ in Genesis

The Family Tree of Esau

The 12 Tribes of Israel

Joseph, A Type of Christ

The Encampment of Israel

The Hebrew Calendar of Months

The 7 Feasts and God's Calendar

The Feasts and Festivals of Israel

Scriptures and Procedures of the Feasts

Chapters, Verses, and Words in the Old Testament

Miracles in the Old Testament

Parables in the Old Testament

Gentile Nations in the Old Testament

The Servant of the LORD, Israel and the Messiah

The Distinction Between Kings and Chronicles

The Judges who Delivered Israel

The Royal House of David

The Kings of Israel

The Kings of Judah

Chronology of Israel and Judah's Kings and Prophets

Chronology of the Prophets

Messages of the Prophets

Kings of the Assyrian Empire

Kings of the Babylonian Empire

Kings of the Persian Empire

Cuneiform Inscriptions with Names of Foreign Kings

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The Story of the Bible - The Old Testament, Quick Summary, About, Divisions, Timeline, Charts, Maps, Creation, Adam and Eve, The Flood, The Tower of Babel, Abraham the First Hebrew, Isaac, Son of Promise, Jacob and the 12 Tribes, Joseph and Egypt, Moses and the Exodus, The Giving of the Law, The Tabernacle, The Wilderness Wanderings, Joshua and the Promised Land, The Judges, Samuel the Prophet, Saul, Israel's First King, King David, King Solomon, The Divided Kingdom, The Northern Kingdom of Israel, The Southern Kingdom of Judah, The Assyrian Captivity, The Babylonian Captivity, The Return From Babylon, The Prophets, The Messiah, Conclusion, Bibliography and Credits

Summary of the Old Testament Books - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Read the Old Testament Stories - The 7 Days of Creation, The Fall of Man, Cain and Abel, Noah's Ark


Bibliography Resources on the Old Testament

A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, Revised and Expanded by Archer, 508 Pages, Pub. 2007

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