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Jesus Cleanses the Temple

"Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, [and] into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, [and] bless his name." Psalm 100:4

The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Brief History of Jesus and the Temple
Scriptures and Topics Covered:
Jesus Comes to Jerusalem
The Temple in Jerusalem
Jesus Found Those Doing Business
Sellers of Oxen, Sheep, and Doves
The Moneychangers
Jesus made a Whip and Drove Them All Out
The Jewish Leaders Arrive
Destroy This Temple
Many Believed on Him
John 2:13-25


"And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business. When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers' money and overturned the tables. " John 2:14-15

Hebrew Scroll of the Torah

Jesus Comes to Jerusalem

The Passover festivities were about to begin in Jerusalem, and Jesus left Capernaum and journeyed up to the holy city. Multitudes of pilgrims would've been on the roads, some in caravans and some in small groups and families. It was a great time of joy and festivity, people would sing praises to the Lord and prepare themselves for the Passover. Every male Israelite was required to bring a lamb to the Temple and make a sacrifice. When Jesus arrived He immediately came to the Temple in Jerusalem.

"Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem." John 2:13

Man Carrying a Lamb Over His Shoulders
Man Carrying A Lamb over his shoulders
The innocent Passover lamb was a type and shadow of Christ.

The Temple in Jerusalem

When Jesus entered the Temple in Jerusalem he was very aware of what was going on around him. The Temple was quite an achievement of Herod the great to impress the Jews with a grand renovation of the Second Temple, and to impress the Romans with the finest architecture in the western portion of the Roman world. But Jesus was not impressed with external monuments, and the work of men's hands. The Temple was the holiest place in the world because God swore an oath that His Presence would dwell there, and that the atonement of man's sins would take place there. The original Temple was built on Mount Moriah in the very place that King David, the man after God's own heart, who wrote the book of Psalms, purchased the threshing floor from Auranah. David had sought to build the Temple, but God told him that because he was a man of war, his son Solomon would build the Temple. Solomon was a man of peace, and his wisdom was known throughout the entire world. He built the Temple on Mount Moriah in the eastern portion of Jerusalem.

Illustration of the Temple in Jerusalem
2nd Temple Illustration 
Notice the Court of the Gentiles in the Illustration

"Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing." Psalm 100:1-2

Jesus Found Those Doing Business

When Jesus entered the Temple He stood at the a large outer court of the Gentiles, and observed the men who had set up a marketplace in order to make lots of money from the pilgrims entering the Temple for Passover. The joyful songs and the festivities had been interrupted and the entrance to the Temple had turned into a place of squabbling over the condition and the price of the sacrifices.

"And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business" John 1:14

Sellers of Oxen, Sheep, and Doves

Jesus noticed that men were selling sacrificial animals that were fit for sacrifice. Their business was very sophisticated, and the Pilgrim to Jerusalem would usually end up having to buy one of their sacrifices for a very high price, rather than trusting that their own sacrifice was clean enough for the priest to offer upon the altar.

The Moneychangers

The business of the money changers was also very sophisticated. They would sit at little tables and exchange the money which the pilgrim brought to pay for the sacrifices. The common currency was in Roman coins, and in the Temple the coins were required to be changed for clean Jewish Temple currency. There was actually a fee to exchange this money into clean Temple currency.

Also see the "moneychangers" doing business

Illustration of the Jesus Cleansing the Temple in Jerusalem
Jesus Cleanses the Temple 
Illustration of Jesus driving out the sellers of oxen, sheep, doves and the moneychangers

Jesus made a Whip and Drove Them All Out

"When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers' money and overturned the tables." - John 2:15

Jesus became indignant and made a scourge of cords, and He drove them all out of the Temple. He also drove the animal sacrifices that were being sold by them out of the Temple. He also overturned the tables of the moneychangers, and He said to those who sold doves:

"Take these things away! Do not make My Father's house a house of merchandise!" " - John 2:16

The Jewish Leaders Arrive

The rich and powerful leaders of the Temple, the priests and Levites, the scribes, the Pharisees, the Sadducees, it does not say exactly which ones but they came rushing out and said to Jesus:

"What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?" - John 2:18

They requested a "sign", some sort of miracle, because if he was the Messiah as they knew he had claimed, then he would be able to produce proof from God in heaven. Imagine that the Passover Lamb was standing in their midst and they were there to accuse Him. Jesus would not satisfy their hypocrisy by doing a miracle at their bidding, yet He indeed offered them a sign, but one that would turn out to be very frustrating for them.

Destroy This Temple

Jesus said to them, "destroy this Temple, and in three days I will raise it up". The Jewish leaders were very confused about His statement and said to Him, "It has taken forty-six years to build this Temple, and will You raise it up in three days?" They had no idea that he was referring to the Temple of His body, which they would eventually hand over to the Romans to be put to death. But Jesus made the bold statement that He would "raise it up in three days," and this was to be their their sign that they requested. His disciples remembered this whole event and the Words that Jesus said to them:

"Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said." - John 2:22

The Prophecy of Malachi

"Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts." - Malachi 3:1

The ancient Hebrew prophet Malachi was the last of the prophets of Israel recorded in the Old Testament. The prophet spoke about a messenger who would prepare the way before the Lord Himself, and then the Lord whom they were seeking so diligently would suddenly come to his temple. God had truly set up the stage for the nation of Israel, yet the leaders rejected him, though not all rejected him.

Many Believed on Him

Jesus did many miracles while He was at the Temple and many believed in His name, yet Jesus was very aware that to follow Him meant much more than just a belief in His miracles.

"But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men, and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man." - John 2:24-25

Map of the Journey of Jesus from Capernaum to Jerusalem
Map of Jesus Journey from Capernaum to Jerusalem
This map shows the land of Israel and the areas of Capernaum and Jerusalem.

 

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The Story of the Bible


Bible History Online (http://www.bible-history.com)

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BAR1.gif

The New Testament
Birth of John the Baptist
Birth of Jesus
Childhood of Jesus
John the Baptist Appears
Baptism of Jesus
Temptation of Jesus
Jesus Begins His Work
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
Imprisonment of John
Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve are Chosen
Raising of the Widow's Son
John's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calms the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
Death of John the Baptist
Feeding the Multitudes
The Transfiguration
Jesus Leaves Galilee
Jesus Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus
Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper
The Betrayal
The Crucifixion
The Resurrection
The Ascension
The Holy Spirit is Given
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions
Philip at Samaria
Conversion of Saul
First Gentile Converted
The Church at Antioch
James Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion
Paul's 1st Missionary Journey
Council at Jerusalem
Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey
Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Arrives at Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Paul is Acquitted
Paul Visits Various Places
Paul's 2nd Prison at Rome
Martyrdom of Paul
Destruction of Jerusalem



 

The Story of the Bible

The New Testament
About
Divisions
Timeline
Charts
Maps

The Birth of John the Baptist
The Birth of Jesus
The Childhood of Jesus
Beginning of John the Baptist's Ministry
The Baptism of Jesus
The Temptation of Christ
Jesus Begins His Public Ministry
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
The Imprisonment of John the Baptist
The Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve Disciples are Chosen
The Raising of the Widow's Son
John the Baptist's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calming the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
The Death of John the Baptist
The Feeding of the Multitudes
The Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus Leaves Galilee for the Last Time
Jesus is Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead
The Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper with His Disciples
The Betrayal by Judas
The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Ascension of Jesus
The Holy Spirit is Poured Out
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions of the Christians
Philip at Samaria
The Conversion of Saul
The First Gentile is Converted
The Founding of the Church at Antioch
The Gospel of Matthew is Written
James is Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion on the Road to Damascus
Paul's First Missionary Journey Begins
The Council at Jerusalem
Paul's Second Missionary Journey Begins
I Thessalonians is Written
II Thessalonians is Written
Paul's Third Missionary Journey Begins
I Corinthians is Written
Galatians is Written
II Corinthians is Written
Romans is Written
The Gospel of Luke is Written

Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Reaches Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Ephesians is Written
Philippians is Written
Colossians is Written
Philemon is Written
James is Written
I Peter is Written
Acts is Written

Paul is Acquitted
He Visits Various Places
Hebrews is Written
I Timothy is Written
Titus is Written
The Gospel of Mark is Written
II Peter is Written

Paul's 2d Imprisonment at Rome
2 Timothy is Written
Martyrdom of Paul
Jude is Written
Destruction of Jerusalem
John's Writings

Conclusion
Bibliography and Credits

Summary of the New Testament Books

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation


The Old Testament - Brief Overview
The New Testament - Brief Overview
Bible History Online