The Book of 2 Corinthians

2 Corinthians 3:18 - But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.

2 Corinthians 10:3-5 - For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

2 Corinthians in The New Testament - A Brief Overview

The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Outline of the Book of 2 Corinthians
Scriptures and Topics Covered:
Paul's Testimony - Chapters 1:1-2:13
Glory of Christian Ministry - Chapters 2:4-7:16
Glory of Giving - Chapters 8:1-9:15
Defense of the Christian Ministry 10:1-13:14


Painting of the Apostle Paul by Rembrandt - 1657
Painting of Paul the Apostle by Rembrandt - 1657

Introduction to The Book of 2 Corinthians

Brief Summary. Titus brought such good news to Paul that he was moved to express to the Corinthians his joy when he heard of their change of heart. Paul also defends his apostleship in this letter, as well as his conduct among the Corinthians, which were both under strong criticism.

Summary of The Book of 2 Corinthians

Background. Around the year 52 AD the apostle Paul was reaching the end of his second missionary journey, and he had just spent about a year and a half in Corinth where he made many disciples (Acts 18:10, 11). Later on his third missionary journey he spent about three years in Ephesus, from about 54 to 57 AD. During this time Paul wrote his letter to the Corinthians from the city of Ephesus (1 Corinthians 16:8). It was around this time that Paul almost lost his life during a great riot (Acts 19). He left Ephesus and came to Macedonia and he was meeting with many churches, and he was anxiously waiting to hear from Corinth, and finally Titus arrived having just returned from Corinth and gave Paul the good news that his letter was received with joy (II Corinthians 7:6) yet there were some leaders in the Corinthian church who were questioning Paul's apostolic authority. It was at this time that Paul wrote his second letter to the Corinthian church. He gave it to Titus to hand-deliver (2 Corinthians 8:6, 17), and he would follow soon after.

Purpose. The message of Paul in his second letter to the Corinthians was to defend his authority as an apostle of Jesus Christ, and to remind them that it was he that founded the church in Corinth, and he had every right to instruct them in the ways of the Lord concerning conduct and gathering together as a church of Jesus Christ. When Paul finally arrived in Corinth he spent all winter there (Acts 20:2, 3). While he was in Corinth he wrote his epistle to the church in Rome.

Authorship. Paul the Apostle as in 1 Corinthians.

Date. 2 Corinthians was written soon after 1 Corinthians, possibly even a few months.

Place of Writing. 2 Corinthians was written from some city in Macedonia where Paul had gone to receive Titus' report concerning the "severe letter" that was written by him.

Outline of the Book of 2 Corinthians

Paul's Testimony - Chapters 1:1-2:13
Glory of Christian Ministry - Chapters 2:4-7:16
Glory of Giving - Chapters 8:1-9:15
Defense of the Christian Ministry 10:1-13:14

Jesus written in Hebrew
The Name Jesus In Ancient Hebrew Text
"Yeshua" in First Century Hebrew Text. This is how the name "Jesus" would have been written in ancient Hebrew documents. The four letters or consonants from right to left are Yod, Shin, Vav, Ayin (Y, SH, OO, A). Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew name Joshua or Y'shua which means "The LORD or Yahweh is Salvation".

2 Corinthians Maps and Resources

Map of the Roman Empire (14 A.D.) - This map reveals the Roman Empire during the time shortly after the birth of Jesus, in 14 AD at the time of the death of Augustus. The order which prevailed in this extensive empire, the good military roads, and the use of Koine Greek as the general language of culture throughout the area were among the factors which multiplied the rapid spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's First Missionary Journey (48 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia Minor where Paul visited in his first missionary journey. Around 48 AD, in the springtime, Paul and his companions Barnabas and Mark were sent on a mission from the church in Antioch. This would be the first of Paul's Missionary Journey's. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's Second Missionary Journey (51 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his second missionary journey. Paul re-visits a couple cities in Asia, one of which was Lystra where he was stoned and left for dead a few years earlier. He later has a vision that leads him over to Greece and Paul and his companions travel and minister in various cities in Greece (Philippi, Thessalonica, Berea, Athens and Corinth. Later Paul returns to Ephesus and finally to Caesarea and Antioch. (Color Map)

Map of Paul's Third Missionary Journey (54 A.D.) - This map reveals the areas in Asia and Greece where Paul visited in his third missionary journey. On Paul's third missionary journey he returned to the cities he had first visited on his first missionary journey. During this time he decided to remain in Ephesus for about 3 years, and this city was the main focus of his activities and an important Christian community (Acts 19). (Color Map)

Map of the New Testament World - This map reveals the "Nations" within the ancient world during the first century A.D., the time of the New Testament. The map includes the areas of Israel, Asia, Greece, and Italy. (Color Map)

Map of New Testament Greece This map reveals the cities within Greece in the ancient world during the first century A.D.,The map includes the principal cities of Greece like: Athens, Corinth, and Thessalonica, and provinces like Macedonia and Achaia. (Color Map)

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The New Testament
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Birth of John the Baptist
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Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve are Chosen
Raising of the Widow's Son
John's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calms the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
Death of John the Baptist
Feeding the Multitudes
The Transfiguration
Jesus Leaves Galilee
Jesus Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus
Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper
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The Ascension
The Holy Spirit is Given
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Philip at Samaria
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First Gentile Converted
The Church at Antioch
James Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion
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Council at Jerusalem
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Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Arrives at Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Paul is Acquitted
Paul Visits Various Places
Paul's 2nd Prison at Rome
Martyrdom of Paul
Destruction of Jerusalem



 

The Story of the Bible

The New Testament
About
Divisions
Timeline
NT Charts
NT Maps

The Birth of John the Baptist
The Birth of Jesus
The Childhood of Jesus
Beginning of John the Baptist's Ministry
The Baptism of Jesus
The Temptation of Christ
Jesus Begins His Public Ministry
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
The Imprisonment of John the Baptist
The Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve Disciples are Chosen
The Raising of the Widow's Son
John the Baptist's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calming the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
The Death of John the Baptist
The Feeding of the Multitudes
The Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus Leaves Galilee for the Last Time
Jesus is Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead
The Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper with His Disciples
The Betrayal by Judas
The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Ascension of Jesus
The Holy Spirit is Poured Out
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions of the Christians
Philip at Samaria
The Conversion of Saul
The First Gentile is Converted
The Founding of the Church at Antioch
The Gospel of Matthew is Written
James is Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion on the Road to Damascus
Paul's First Missionary Journey Begins
The Council at Jerusalem
Paul's Second Missionary Journey Begins
I Thessalonians is Written
II Thessalonians is Written
Paul's Third Missionary Journey Begins
I Corinthians is Written
Galatians is Written
II Corinthians is Written
Romans is Written
The Gospel of Luke is Written

Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Reaches Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Ephesians is Written
Philippians is Written
Colossians is Written
Philemon is Written
James is Written
I Peter is Written
Acts is Written

Paul is Acquitted
He Visits Various Places
Hebrews is Written
I Timothy is Written
Titus is Written
The Gospel of Mark is Written
II Peter is Written

Paul's 2d Imprisonment at Rome
2 Timothy is Written
Martyrdom of Paul
Jude is Written
Destruction of Jerusalem
John's Writings

Conclusion
Bibliography and Credits

Summary of the New Testament Books

Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude
Revelation


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