The Birth of John the Baptist

"But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth. For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God." - Luke 1:13-16

The New Testament - A Brief Overview

Brief History of the Birth of John the Baptist
Scriptures: Luke 1:5-25


The New Testament covers the period from the birth of John the Baptist, to the life and death of Jesus, to the beginnings of the Church,  to the spreading of the gospel throughout the world, to the death of the great apostle Paul.

The Four Gospel Accounts - Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

There are four accounts of the life of Jesus (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) and they are referred to as the "Gospel". Each portrays a particular focus about Jesus and His ministry.

Hebrew Scroll of the Torah

Israel and the Word

Most of the world was unaware of God's tremendous plan, yet God had always left His plan and His Word in the world for those who were searching. God revealed his holy Word to the Hebrews and placed Israel in the center of the world and all the mighty nations of the ancient world had to travel on roads and pass through Israel to reach the other nations of the ancient world. The great purpose of history and the Word of God was the coming of the King. God revealed through the ancient prophets that He Himself was coming to the world. But he would not come as a King to set up His kingdom until he first came as a servant who would die for the sins of Israel and for all of mankind. This is because man needed a savior before they could have a King, this Savior and King was referred to as the Messiah in the Scriptures. The Hebrew prophet Isaiah predicted in the seventh century BC that when the Messiah would appear there would be a forerunner who would precede him.

The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:  And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see [it] together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it]. Isaiah 40:3-5

"Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts." Malachi 3:1

The Forerunner

The Bible revealed hundreds of years before Jesus came that a forerunner would precede the coming of the Messiah. Matthew referred to him as the Herald, the official messenger who would announce the King's arrival. He would prepare the way before the King when he would be approaching. This was a very familiar scene in ancient times, yet this forerunner would be very different in his appearance and in his message.

"And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord." Luke 1:17

Zacharias and Elizabeth

In around 5 BC during the days of King Herod the great, there was a priest named Zacharias who had a wife named Elizabeth. They were both descendents of Moses brother Aaron who was the first High-priest and the founder of the Aaronic priesthood. Only a descendent of Aaron could serve as high priest in Israel. Zacharias and Elizabeth were not only descendents of Aaron, they were both righteous before God walking in his Commandments according to the law. They were both very old and beyond the years of childbearing, Elizabeth had been barren her whole life.

The Angel Gabriel Announces John's Birth

Zacharias was chosen to burn incense inside the Temple, and as he was praying an angel appeared to him whose name was Gabriel. The angel revealed to Zacharias that Elizabeth his wife would bear a son, they were to name him John (Hebrew Meaning "God is Gracious") and he would be great in the sight of the Lord, and he would prepare the way for the coming of the King. Zacharias was astonished and doubted the message, the Angel assured him of the good news, and struck him with dumbness so that he could not speak until the promise was fulfilled.

John is Born

Elizabeth became pregnant and all her relatives rejoiced at the miracle, and nine months later John was born, the whole time Zacharias was unable to speak yet once his son was born they made gestures to him about what to name his son. He asked for a writing tablet and wrote, "his name is John." From that time forward Zacharias was able to speak, and being filled with the Holy Spirit he gave an astonishing prophecy about God fulfilling his promises to his people Israel. John grew up as a great man strong in body and spirit.


The New Testament
Birth of John the Baptist
Birth of Jesus
Childhood of Jesus
John the Baptist Appears
Baptism of Jesus
Temptation of Jesus
Jesus Begins His Work
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
Imprisonment of John
Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve are Chosen
Raising of the Widow's Son
John's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calms the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
Death of John the Baptist
Feeding the Multitudes
The Transfiguration
Jesus Leaves Galilee
Jesus Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus
Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper
The Betrayal
The Crucifixion
The Resurrection
The Ascension
The Holy Spirit is Given
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions
Philip at Samaria
Conversion of Saul
First Gentile Converted
The Church at Antioch
James Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion
Paul's 1st Missionary Journey
Council at Jerusalem
Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey
Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Arrives at Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Paul is Acquitted
Paul Visits Various Places
Paul's 2nd Prison at Rome
Martyrdom of Paul
Destruction of Jerusalem

The Story of the Bible

The New Testament
NT Charts
NT Maps

The Birth of John the Baptist
The Birth of Jesus
The Childhood of Jesus
Beginning of John the Baptist's Ministry
The Baptism of Jesus
The Temptation of Christ
Jesus Begins His Public Ministry
Jesus Cleanses the Temple
Jesus Meets Nicodemus
The Imprisonment of John the Baptist
The Sermon on the Mount
The Twelve Disciples are Chosen
The Raising of the Widow's Son
John the Baptist's Inquiry from Prison
Jesus Calming the Storm
Jesus Raises Jairus' Daughter
The Death of John the Baptist
The Feeding of the Multitudes
The Transfiguration of Jesus
Jesus Leaves Galilee for the Last Time
Jesus is Rejected at Samaria
Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead
The Mission of the Seventy
The Feast at Bethany
The Last Supper with His Disciples
The Betrayal by Judas
The Crucifixion of Jesus
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Ascension of Jesus
The Holy Spirit is Poured Out
The Church is Established
The First Persecutions of the Christians
Philip at Samaria
The Conversion of Saul
The First Gentile is Converted
The Founding of the Church at Antioch
The Gospel of Matthew is Written
James is Killed by Herod
Paul's Conversion on the Road to Damascus
Paul's First Missionary Journey Begins
The Council at Jerusalem
Paul's Second Missionary Journey Begins
I Thessalonians is Written
II Thessalonians is Written
Paul's Third Missionary Journey Begins
I Corinthians is Written
Galatians is Written
II Corinthians is Written
Romans is Written
The Gospel of Luke is Written

Paul's Arrest at Jerusalem
Paul at Caesarea
Paul's Journey to Rome
Paul Reaches Rome
Paul's Imprisonment at Rome
Ephesians is Written
Philippians is Written
Colossians is Written
Philemon is Written
James is Written
I Peter is Written
Acts is Written

Paul is Acquitted
He Visits Various Places
Hebrews is Written
I Timothy is Written
Titus is Written
The Gospel of Mark is Written
II Peter is Written

Paul's 2d Imprisonment at Rome
2 Timothy is Written
Martyrdom of Paul
Jude is Written
Destruction of Jerusalem
John's Writings

Bibliography and Credits

Summary of the New Testament Books

1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John

The Old Testament - Brief Overview
The New Testament - Brief Overview
Bible History Online

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