Unger's Bible Dictionary: First Corinthians




Authorship. The Pauline authorship of 1 Corinthians is abundantly attested to from the first century onward. Clement of Rome, the Didache, Ignatius, Polycarp, Hermas, Justin Martyr, and Athenagoros all lend their voice in support of the genuineness of the epistle. Irenaeus contains more than 60 quotations from 1 Corinthians; Clement of Alexandria quotes it more than 130 times; Tertullian quotes some 400 times. First Corinthians stands at the head of the Pauline epistles in the Muratorian canon. Internal evidence is also abundant (cf. 1 Cor 1:1; 3:4; 9:1; 16:21). The way the book dovetails with the history in Acts also confirms it.


Occasion and Date. The occasion of the epistle was a letter of inquiry from Corinth concerning marriage and the eating of meats offered to idols (1 Cor 7:1; 8). This led the apostle to write concerning the deepening divisions, increasing contentions, and unjudged sin in the church (1:10-12; 5:1). The factions were due not to open heresies, but to the carnality of the Corinthians and to their being carried away by admiration for Gk. wisdom and eloquence. The moral pollution of their city, which was notorious, was a continual temptation to them. Minor disorders took the form of abuse of spiritual gifts, particularly tongues and the sign gifts (14:1-28). False ideas concerning the resurrection were also corrected (chap. 15). The date of the epistle varies with critical opinion. We know it was written from Ephesus (16:8). It was seemingly written in the latter half of Paul's three-year ministry in that city (Acts 20:31; cf. 19:8-22). The spring of A.D. 54 AD or 55 is perhaps correct, although some would date it as late as A.D. 59 AD.


BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Robertson and A. Plummer, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the First Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians, International Critical Commentary (1914); J. Moffat, Commentary on I Corinthians (1938); C. Hodge, An Exposition of the First Epistle to the Corinthians (1965); C. K. Barrett, A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians (1968); H. Conzelman, I Corinthians, Hermenia (1975); F. L. Godet, Commentary on First Corinthians (1977); F. F. Bruce, 1 and 2 Corinthians (1980); T. C. Edwards, A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians (1980); J. F. MacArthur, Jr., First Corinthians, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary (1984); H. Olshausen, A Commentary on Paul's First and Second Epistles to the Corinthians (1984).

(from The New Unger's Bible Dictionary. Originally published by Moody Press of Chicago, Illinois. Copyright (c) 1988.)

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The New Testament Books and Their Authors

New Testament Books and Authors The Book of Matthew The Book of Mark The Book of Luke The Book of John The Book of Acts The Book of Romans The Book of 1 Corinthians The Book of 2 Corinthians The Book of Galatians The Book of Ephesians The Book of Philippians The Book of Colossians The Book of 1 Thessalonians The Book of 2 Thessalonians The Book of 1 Timothy The Book of 2 Timothy The Book of Titus The Book of Philemon The Book of Hebrews The Book of James The Book of 1 Peter The Book of 2 Peter The Book of 1 John The Book of 2 John The Book of 3 John The Book of Jude The Book of Revelation Books of the New Testament The New Testament

But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. Heb. 8:6 (The Book of Hebrews)


image\bible_persp9.gif The New Testament is the most wonderful book. It reveals how God has kept every promise that He made to the nation Israel and ultimately fulfilled His covenant with them in One Man, Jesus Christ. It contains an accurate account of the gospel of Jesus Christ, His life, His history on earth, His Words, and His plan for all nations including Israel. It reveals how God used a single man, a Jew, who courageously went out to the farthest parts of the known world, to preach the gospel, and would eventually die for his faith in Jesus Christ. It reveals the end of the world, and how Jesus Christ would receive the kingdom that God had promised Him from the beginning.


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List of New Testament Books


Matthew Mark Luke
John Acts Romans
1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Galatians
Ephesians Philippians Colossians
1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy
2 Timothy Titus Philemon
Hebrews James 1 Peter
2 Peter 1 John 2 John
3 John Jude Revelation


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