The Book of 1 Corinthians
Brief Summary. Paul exhorts the church at Corinth regarding disorders, problems, abuses, and heresies.
Latin: Corinthios I
Greek: Korinthious a, First (letter) to the Corinthians
Author: Paul (Saul) of Tarsus
Date: 54, during Paul's Third missionary journey
Writing to: Christians in Corinth
Doctrinal Classification: Ecclesiology
General Theme: Church problems
Important Points: Various Church Disorders. This letter deals with factions and corrections due to immorality, lawsuits, and abuse of the Lordís Supper. Also mentions idols, marriage, and the resurrection.
1 Corinthians. "It is manifest from this state of things that there was much that deserved reprehension, and needed correction, in this church. And the apostle, under the direction and influence of the Holy Spirit, sets himself to do both with all wisdom and faithfulness, and with a due mixture of tenderness and authority, as became one in so elevated and important a station in the church. After a short introduction at the beginning of the epistle, he first blames them for their discord and factions, enters into the origin and source of them, shows them how much pride and vanity, and the affectation of science, and learning, and eloquence, flattered by false teachers, contributed to the scandalous schism; and prescribes humility, and submission to divine instruction, the teaching of God by his Spirit, both by external revelation and internal illumination, as a remedy for the evils that abounded amongst them. He shows them the vanity of their pretended science and eloquence on many accounts. This he does through the 1 Corinthians 1:1-4:21. In the 1 Corinthians 5:1-13 he treats of the case of the incestuous person, and orders him to be put out from among them. Nor is what the ancients say improbable, that this incestuous person was a man in great esteem, and head of one party at least among them. The apostle seems to tax them with being puffed up on his account, 1 Corinthians 5:2. In the 1 Corinthians 6:1-8 he blames them for their law-suits, carried on before heathen judges, when their disputes about property should have been amicably determined amongst themselves, and in the 1 Corinthians 6:9-20 warns them against the sin of fornication, and urges his caution with a variety of arguments. In the 1 Corinthians 7:1-40 he gives advice upon a case of conscience, which some of that church had proposed to him in an epistle, about marriage, and shows it to be appointed of God as a remedy against fornication, that the ties of it were not dissolved, though a husband or wife continued a heathen, when the other became a Christian; and, in short, that Christianity made no change in men's civil states and relations. He gives also some directions here about virgins, in answer, as is probable, to the Corinthians' enquiries. In the 1 Corinthians 8:1-13 he directs them about meats offered to idols, and cautions them against abusing their Christian liberty. From this he also takes occasion, in the 1 Corinthians 9:1-27, to expatiate a little on his own conduct upon this head of liberty. For, though he might have insisted on a maintenance from the churches where he ministered, he waived this demand, that he might make the gospel of Christ without charge, and did in other things comply with and suit himself to the tempers and circumstances of those among whom he laboured, for their good. In the 1 Corinthians 10:1-33 he dissuades them, from the example of the Jews, against having communion with idolaters, by eating of their sacrifices, inasmuch as they could not be at once partakers of the Lord's table and the table of devils, though they were not bound to enquire concerning meat sold in the shambles, or set before them at a feast made by unbelievers, whether it were a part of the idol-sacrifices or no, but were at liberty to eat without asking questions. In the 1 Corinthians 11:1-34 he gives direction about their habit in public worship, blames them for their gross irregularities and scandalous disorders in receiving the Lord's supper, and solemnly warns them against the abuse of so sacred an institution. In the 1 Corinthians 12:1-31 he enters on the consideration of spiritual gifts, which were poured forth in great abundance on this church, upon which they were not a little elated. He tells them, in this chapter, that all came from the same original, and were all directed to the same end. They issued from one Spirit, and were intended for the good of the church, and must be abused when they were not made to minister to this purpose. Towards the close he informs them that they were indeed valuable gifts, but he could recommend to them something far more excellent, upon which he breaks out, in the 1 Corinthians 13:1-13, into the commendation and characteristics of charity. And them, in the 1 Corinthians 14:1-40, he directs them how to keep up decency and order in the churches in the use of their spiritual gifts, in which they seem to have been exceedingly irregular, through pride of their gifts and a vanity of showing them. The 1 Corinthians 15:1-58 is taken up in confirming and explaining the great doctrine of the resurrection. The 1 Corinthians 16:1-24 consists of some particular advices and salutations; and thus the epistle closes." - Matthew Henry (Read More)
Outline of the Book of 1 Corinthians (Scriptures and Topics Covered)
Unity Versus Division - Chapters 1-3
Order Versus Disorder - Chapters 4-11
Church Gifts, Love, and Doctrines - Chapters 12-16
Questions for further study.
Why did Paul feel the need to write First Corinthians?
Who founded the church in Corinth?
Who delivered this letter to the church in Corinth?
Who was the author of the book of First Corinthians?
When was the book of First Corinthians written?
Where was the book of First Corinthians written?
What language was the book of First Corinthians written in?
With what theme was the book of First Corinthians written?
What was the purpose of planting churches?
What disrupted the gospel at the church in Corinth?
What were the main problems addressed in Paul's epistle?
1 Corinthians Resources
Map of New Testament Israel
Map of the Roman Empire
Map of the New Testament World
Map of Paul's First Missionary Journey
Map of Paul's Second Missionary Journey
Map of New Testament Cities
Map of the 7 Churches of Revelation (Asia Minor)
Map of the Roman Empire In the Time of Jesus
Map of Asia in Roman Times
Map of New Testament Greece
Table of Contents
The New Testament
Charts and Information
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. Heb. 8:6 (The Book of Hebrews)
The New Testament is the most wonderful book. It reveals how God has kept every promise that He made to the nation Israel and ultimately fulfilled His covenant with them in One Man, Jesus Christ. It contains an accurate account of the gospel of Jesus Christ, His life, His history on earth, His Words, and His plan for all nations including Israel. It reveals how God used a single man, a Jew, who courageously went out to the farthest parts of the known world, to preach the gospel, and would eventually die for his faith in Jesus Christ. It reveals the end of the world, and how Jesus Christ would receive the kingdom that God had promised Him from the beginning.
The New Covenant - A Heart Message
List of New Testament Books
|1 Corinthians||2 Corinthians||Galatians|
|1 Thessalonians||2 Thessalonians||1 Timothy|
|2 Peter||1 John||2 John|
Charts and Information