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Ancient Nicephorium City fortress in northwest Mesopotamia (Syria)
situated about 1 mile north of the Euphrates River. Nicephorium became
an important frontier stronghold for the Roman Empire in the east, bordering
the Parthian kingdom. Later during the time of the Persian Empire its name was
Leontopolis and it was destroyed by the Persians in 542.
Nicephorium A fortified town of Mesopotamia, on the Euphrates, and due
south of Edessa, built by order of Alexander the Great, and probably completed
under Seleucus. It is identical with Callinicus. Still later it was called
Leontopolis. - Harry Thurston Peck. Harpers Dictionary
of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers. 1898.
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NICEPHO´RIUM Strab. xvi. p.747; Ptol. 5.18.6; Steph. B. sub voce a place of
considerable importance in Mesopotamia, on the river Euphrates. According to
Isidorus (Mans. Parth. i. ed. Müller) and Pliny (5.24. s. 21, 6.26. s. 30), it
owed its foundation to Alexander the Great; according, however, to Appian, to
Seleucus I., which is much more likely (Syriac. c. 57). It is mentioned by Dio
Cassius (40.13) and by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 6.40), but simply as one of many towns
founded by the Macedonians. Strabo calls it a town of the Mygdonians in
Mesopotamia (xvi. p. 747). Nothing is known of its intermediate history; but
Justinian erected a fortress here (Procop. de Aedif. 2.7); and the emperor Leo,
who probably added several new works to it, is said to have changed its name to
Leontopolis. - Dictionary of Greek and Roman
Geography (1854) William Smith, LLD, Ed.
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