Map of the Roman Empire - Nicephorium

Nicephorium
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Ancient Nicephorium City fortress in northwest Mesopotamia (Syria) situated about 1 mile north of the Euphrates River. Nicephorium became an important frontier stronghold for the Roman Empire in the east, bordering the Parthian kingdom. Later during the time of the Persian Empire its name was Leontopolis and it was destroyed by the Persians in 542.

Nicephorium A fortified town of Mesopotamia, on the Euphrates, and due south of Edessa, built by order of Alexander the Great, and probably completed under Seleucus. It is identical with Callinicus. Still later it was called Leontopolis. - Harry Thurston Peck. Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers. 1898.

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Nicephorium NICEPHO´RIUM
NICEPHO´RIUM Strab. xvi. p.747; Ptol. 5.18.6; Steph. B. sub voce a place of considerable importance in Mesopotamia, on the river Euphrates. According to Isidorus (Mans. Parth. i. ed. Müller) and Pliny (5.24. s. 21, 6.26. s. 30), it owed its foundation to Alexander the Great; according, however, to Appian, to Seleucus I., which is much more likely (Syriac. c. 57). It is mentioned by Dio Cassius (40.13) and by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 6.40), but simply as one of many towns founded by the Macedonians. Strabo calls it a town of the Mygdonians in Mesopotamia (xvi. p. 747). Nothing is known of its intermediate history; but Justinian erected a fortress here (Procop. de Aedif. 2.7); and the emperor Leo, who probably added several new works to it, is said to have changed its name to Leontopolis. - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) William Smith, LLD, Ed.

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