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Map of the Roman Empire - Haran
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Ancient Haran (Carrhae): (Modern Harran) Haran was located 600 miles northwest of Ur. It was on the caravan route between the east and the west. When Abraham left Ur of the Chaldees on his journey to the land of Canaan, Haran was the place where Abraham stayed until his father Terah died Gen. 11:31. The Bible also mentions that Haran was the home of Laban and where Jacob stayed for 14 years, Gen. 27:43; 28:10; and it was part of the Assyrian empire, 2 Kings 19:12; and that it was a trading city, Ezek. 27:23.
Carrae or Carrhae (Κάρραι). The Haran or Charran of the Scriptures; a city of OsrhoŽnť in Mesopotamia, where Crassus met his death after his defeat by the Parthians, B.C. 53. See Crassus. - Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers.
Gen. 11:31 - And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
Gen. 27:43 - Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran;
Gen. 28:10 - And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.
2 Kgs. 19:12 -Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Thelasar?
Ezek. 27:23 - Haran, and Canneh, and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, [and] Chilmad, [were] thy merchants.
Maps are essential for any serious study, they help students of Roman history understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in historical sources.
CARRHAE (Κάρραι, D. C. 37.5, 40.25; Strab. xvi. p.747 ; Ptol. 5.18.12; Steph. B. sub voce Ammian. 23.3; Plin. Nat. 5.24; Flor. 3.11; Eutrop. 6.15; Lucan 1.104; Kapat, Isid. Char.; HARAN or CHARRAN, O. T.; Κοραία ἡ ἐν Βατάνη LXX., Genes. 11.31, 24.10; J. AJ 1.16; Zonar. Annal. p. 14), a town in the NW. part of Mesopotamia, which derived its name, according to Stephanus, from a river Carrha in Syria, celebrated in ancient times for its Temple of Lunus or Luna (Anaitis, Spartian. Carac. 7; Ammian. 23.3; Herodian. iv.), and a colony said to have been founded by the Macedonians, and still more as the scene of the celebrated overthrow of Crassus by the Parthian general Suraena. (Strab., Dio Cass., Plut., ll. cc.) Ammianus states that Julian here secretly invested Procopius with the purple, in case that fate should befall him.
It has been generally supposed that Carrhae represents the place which in Sacred history is called Haran or Charran; a view which seems to be supported by the spelling of the name in Josephus, Zonaras, &c. (ll. cc.) It is also stated that the name still remains in the country, though the place is now deserted. (Niebuhr, vol. ii. p. 410; Pococke, vol. ii. p. 235.) Several coins exist, in which Carrhae is spoken of as a colony and a metropolis. They belong to the times of Alexander Severus and the Gordians. One of M. Aurelius is curious, as it bears the inscription Καρρηνων φιλορωμαιων. There appears to be some doubt about the correct name of the neighbourhood on which the town of Carrhae was situated. Stephanus (s. v. Βόγχαι) speaks of a river Cyrus, between which and the Euphrates this place stood. It is most likely that Carrha was the true name, and Cyrus the mistake of some transcriber of the MSS. - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, William Smith, LLD, Ed.
Map of the Roman Empire - Places