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Map of the Roman Empire - Gangra
P-5 on the Map
Ancient Gangra Capital City of Paphlagonia and became part of the Roman province of Galatia.
Gangra (Γάγγρα). A city of Paphlagonia, near the borders of Galatia. In the time of King Deiotarus (q.v.) it was a royal residence, and under the Empire, the capital of Paphlagonia. - Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers.
Maps are essential for any serious study, they help students of Roman history understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in historical sources.
GANGRA (Γάγγρα: Kiengareh, Kangreh, or Changeri), a town of Paphlagonia, to the south of Mount Olgasys, and at a distance of 35 miles from Pompeiopolis, appears to have been a princely residence, for we know that Morzus or Morzeus, and afterwards Deiotarus, the last king of Paphlagonia, resided there. (Strab. xii. p.564; comp. Liv. 38.26.) Strabo, notwithstanding this, describes it as only “a small town and a garrison.” According to Alexander Polyhistor (ap. Steph. B. sub voce Γάγγρα), the town was built by a goatherd who had found one of his goats straying there; but this is probably a mere philological speculation, gangra signifying “a goat” in the Paphlagonian language. In the ecclesiastical writers Gangra is often mentioned as the metropolitan see of Paphlagonia. (Socrat. 2.43; Sozom. 3.14, and elsewhere.) The orchards of this town were celebrated for the excellence of their apples. (Athen. 3.82.) - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, William Smith, LLD, Ed.
Map of the Roman Empire - Places