Map of the Roman Empire - Epiphania

Epiphania
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Ancient Epiphania Modern Hama. Epiphania was the Greek name for Hamath, a city named after Antiochus Epiphanes. The Old Testament mentions Hamath.

Ezekiel 47:17 - And the border from the sea shall be Hazarenan, the border of Damascus, and the north northward, and the border of Hamath. And [this is] the north side.

Ezekiel 47:20 - The west side also [shall be] the great sea from the border, till a man come over against Hamath. This [is] the west side.

2 Kings 17:24 - And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.

1 Kings 8:65 - And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, [even] fourteen days.

2 Kings 17:30 - And the men of Babylon made Succothbenoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,

2 Kings 19:13 - Where [is] the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?

Isaiah 37:13 - Where [is] the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?

2 Kings 14:25 - He restored the coast of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which [was] of Gathhepher.

2 Kings 14:28 - Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, [which belonged] to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

2 Kings 23:33 - And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.

Judges 3:3 - [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

2 Chronicles 8:4 - And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.

2 Kings 18:34 - Where [are] the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?

Jeremiah 52:27 - And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.

2 Kings 25:21 - And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.

Amos 6:2 - Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: [be they] better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?

Numbers 34:8 - From mount Hor ye shall point out [your border] unto the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:

Isaiah 36:19 - Where [are] the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where [are] the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

1 Chronicles 18:9 - Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;

Jeremiah 52:9 - Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.

Isaiah 11:11 - And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

Jeremiah 39:5 - But the Chaldeans' army pursued after them, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: and when they had taken him, they brought him up to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath, where he gave judgment upon him.

2 Chronicles 7:8 - Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.

1 Chronicles 18:3 - And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

Jeremiah 49:23 - Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; [there is] sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.

Joshua 13:5 - And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.

2 Samuel 8:9 - When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Isaiah 10:9 - [Is] not Calno as Carchemish? [is] not Hamath as Arpad? [is] not Samaria as Damascus?

Numbers 13:21 - So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.

Zechariah 9:2 - And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

Epiphanēa (Ἐπιφάνεια). A city of Syria, on the Orontes, below Apamea. Its Oriental and true name was Hamath, and it was reckoned by the people of the East one of the most magnificent cities in the world, having been founded, as they imagined, by Hamath, one of the sons of Canaan. Allusion is frequently made to Hamath in the Old Testament. (Cf. Gen. x. 18; 2 Sam. viii. 9; 2 Kings, xlviii. 34.) Its name was changed to Epiphanea, in honour of Antiochus Epiphanes.  Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. New York. Harper and Brothers.

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Epiphania EPIPHANEIA
EPIPHANEIA (Ἐπιφάνεια: Eth. Ἐπιφανεύς), a city of Syria, placed by Ptolemy in 69° 36′, 30° 26′, in the district of Cassiotis, in which also Antioch and Larissa were situated. The Itinerary of Antoninus places it 16 miles from Larissa, 32 from Emesa (Arethusa lying half way between it and the latter), and so 101 from Antioch of Syria. It was situated on the western bank of the Orontes, lower down the stream than Emesa (i. e. to the north), and is supposed to be identical with the ancient Hamath (2 Sam. 8.9; 1 Kings, 8.65; Is. x. 9), called also “Hamath the Great” (Amos, 6.2). St. Jerome states that both Antioch and Epiphaneia were formerly named Hamath. and mentions that the first station on the road to Mesopotamia (qy. from Antioch) was in his day named Emmas, probably the modern Hems== Emesa. Eusebius (Onomast. s. v. Ἑμάθ) does not think it to be Epiphaneia near Emesa; but St. Jerome, in the same place, maintains their identity, and says that Epiphaneia was still called Hamath by the native Syrians. (Comp. Onomast. s. v. Aemath.) Aquila also rendered Ἐμὰθ, γὴν Ἐπιφάνειαν γῆς Συρίας. (Theodoret. Quaest. 22 in 2 King.); and Theodoret, in common with St. Jerome, mentions both Epiphaneia and Emesa as Hamath, and says that the former was still so called. (Comment. in Jerem. xlvi. and iv.) Reland, however (Palaest. pp. 119,120, 317), doubts the identity, and is disposed to place the Hamath of Scripture further south, and nearer to the confines of the land of Israel, as indeed Numb. 13.21 and other passages above referred to seem to require. This, however, would not disprove the assertion that Epiphaneia was formerly called Hamath, the proof of which rests on independent ground, and is greatly confirmed by the fact of its retaining that name among the natives in St. Jerome's time, as indeed it does to this day. being still called Hamah, which is described by Irby and Mangles as “delightfully situated in a hollow, between and on the sides of two hills, near the west bank of the Orontes, but in itself presents nothing worthy of notice at this day.” - Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, William Smith, LLD, Ed.

 

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