Map of the Babylonian Empire (550 B.C.)
This map reveals the extant
of the Babylonian Empire
at the time 30 years after the destruction of the Temple in
Jerusalem by the King of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar. The Babylonians
were great conquerors, as the Assyrians were, and eventually ruled
the whole world.
Map of the Empire of
in 550 B.C.
The Babylonians were also great traders as
revealed through archaeology, and thousands of cuneiform tablets have
been found telling of their complex trade networks. They traded with
Lebanon, Egypt and Greece. In order to protect their trade routes, they
marched their armies west with the mighty king Nebuchadnezzar leading
them. He captured major cities like the Phoenician city of Tyre and it
was he who conquered Jerusalem. He also drove out the Egyptians from
Syria and Phoenicia which enabled him to secure a rich trade gateway to
the Mediterranean Sea. Babylon also collected a bitter tribute from the
conquered cities and many rebellions were put down.
In 612 B.C. while
the Assyrian stranglehold had been extinguished and Nebuchadnezzar has
successfully contended with Egypt for the Assyrian Empire, the kingdom
of Judah rebelled. In 597 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar took Jerusalem and their
Jewish nobles, armies and craftsmen into captivity in Babylon. When King
Zedekiah of Judah aided a second Egyptian attack, his sons were killed
in his sight and he was blinded and carried into exile with his people.
empire of Babylon was at its greatest extent in 546 B.C. when Cyrus of
Persia cunningly took Babylon by surprise.
The Bible Mentions a lot Concerning
2 Kings 24:7 - And the
king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king
of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the
river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.
- And also let the golden and silver vessels of the house of God,
which Nebuchadnezzar took forth out of the temple which [is] at
Jerusalem, and brought unto Babylon, be restored, and
brought again unto the temple which [is] at Jerusalem, [every one]
to his place, and place [them] in the house of God.
25:27 - And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year
of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month,
on the seven and twentieth [day] of the month, [that] Evilmerodach
king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did
lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;
52:31 - And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year
of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month,
in the five and twentieth [day] of the month, [that] Evilmerodach
king of Babylon in the [first] year of his reign
lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him
forth out of prison,
21:7 - And afterward, saith the LORD, I will deliver
Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such
as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and
from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of
Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the
hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the
edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor
50:2 - Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and set up
a standard; publish, [and] conceal not: say, Babylon
is taken, Bel is confounded, Merodach is broken in pieces; her idols
are confounded, her images are broken in pieces.
44:30 - Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give
Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into
the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of
Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon,
his enemy, and that sought his life.
- Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a
woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and
thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go [even] to
Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall
redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies.
32:4 - And Zedekiah king of Judah shall not escape out of
the hand of the Chaldeans, but shall surely be delivered into the
hand of the king of Babylon, and shall speak with him
mouth to mouth, and his eyes shall behold his eyes;
20:6 - And thou, Pashur, and all that dwell in thine house
shall go into captivity: and thou shalt come to Babylon,
and there thou shalt die, and shalt be buried there, thou, and all
thy friends, to whom thou hast prophesied lies.
38:23 - So they shall bring out all thy wives and thy
children to the Chaldeans: and thou shalt not escape out of their
hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the king of Babylon:
and thou shalt cause this city to be burned with fire.
36:29 - And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus
saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou
written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall
certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease from
thence man and beast?
- Now therefore, if [it seem] good to the king, let there be search
made in the king's treasure house, which [is] there at Babylon,
whether it be [so], that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to
build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send his
pleasure to us concerning this matter.
52:17 - Also the pillars of brass that [were] in the house
of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that [was] in the
house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of
them to Babylon.
25:13 - And the pillars of brass that [were] in the house of
the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that [was] in the house
of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass
of them to Babylon.
25:1 - The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the
people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah
king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of
35:11 - But it came to pass, when Nebuchadrezzar king of
Babylon came up into the land, that we said, Come, and
let us go to Jerusalem for fear of the army of the Chaldeans, and
for fear of the army of the Syrians: so we dwell at Jerusalem.
29:18 - Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon
caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head
[was] made bald, and every shoulder [was] peeled: yet had he no
wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served
- Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which
had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom
Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.
39:9 - Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried
away captive into Babylon the remnant of the people
that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to
him, with the rest of the people that remained.
34:2 - Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Go and speak
to Zedekiah king of Judah, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD;
Behold, I will give this city into the hand of the king of
Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire:
1:12 - And after they were brought to Babylon,
Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel;
46:2 - Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king
of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which
Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth
year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
51:34 - Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon
hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty
vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his
belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.
27:18 - But if they [be] prophets, and if the word of the
LORD be with them, let them now make intercession to the LORD of
hosts, that the vessels which are left in the house of the LORD, and
[in] the house of the king of Judah, and at Jerusalem, go not to
- The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans,
and the soothsayers. [And] the king spake, and said to the wise
[men] of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing,
and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with
scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the
third ruler in the kingdom.
14:22 - For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of
hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant,
and son, and nephew, saith the LORD.
- There are certain Jews whom thou hast set over the affairs of the
province of Babylon, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego;
these men, O king, have not regarded thee: they serve not thy gods,
nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
40:5 - Now while he was not yet gone back, [he said], Go
back also to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, whom the
king of Babylon hath made governor over the cities of
Judah, and dwell with him among the people: or go wheresoever it
seemeth convenient unto thee to go. So the captain of the guard gave
him victuals and a reward, and let him go.
51:11 - Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD
hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device
[is] against Babylon, to destroy it; because it [is]
the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.