Map of the Canaanites
Old Testament mentions a lot about Canaan, the half of Palestine to the
west of the Jordan. This name "Canaan" has been found in
Egyptian inscriptions of the New Kingdom, and also in the Tell el-Amarna
letters. The Canaanites mostly lived in the plains (the coastal strip
and near the Jordan).
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Map of the Nations of
Canaan Before the Israelite Invasion
The Amorites lived in the hill
country. Other tribes lived in Canaan: The Perizzites, Hivites, Hittites, Jebusites,
Moabites, Edomites, Philistines and Girgashites. The Canaanites
descended from Canaan, the son of Ham and father of Heth, thus they were
a separate race from the Semites. The people were never known to be
united and was divided into numerous city-states, dependent upon Egypt.
There have been numerous discoveries and cuneiform inscriptions,
especially in the Tell el-Amarna letters.
Deuteronomy 7:1 - When
the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest
to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the
Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and
the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the
Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;
- "I was Forty years old when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me
from Kadeshbarnea to spy out the land; and I brought him word again
as it was in mine heart. Nevertheless my brethren that went up with
me made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly followed the LORD
my God. And Moses swore on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon
thy feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's
for ever, because thou hast wholly followed the LORD my God. And
now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty
and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses,
while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now,
lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old."
The Canaanites in the Smith's Bible
a word used in two senses:
1. A tribe which inhabited a particular locality of the land west of
the Jordan before the conquest; and
2. The people who inhabited generally the whole of that country.
1. In Ge 10:18-20 the seats of the Canaanite tribe are given as on
the seashore and in the Jordan valley; comp. Jos 11:3
2. Applied as a general name to the non-Israelite inhabitants of the
land, as we have already seen was the case with "Canaan." Instances
of this are, Ge 12:6; Nu 21:3 The Canaanites were descendants of
Canaan. Their language was very similar to the Hebrew. The
Canaanites were probably given to commerce; and thus the name became
probably in later times an occasional synonym for a merchant.
Joshua from Smith's Bible
Joshua (saviour, or whose help is Jehovah). His name appears
in the various forms of HOSHEA, OSHEA, JEHOSHUA, JESHUA and JESUS.
1. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim. 1Ch 7:27 (B.C.
1530-1420.) He was nearly forty years old when he shared in the
hurried triumph of the exodus. He is mentioned first in connection
with the fight against Amalek at Rephidim, when he was chosen by
Moses to lead the Israelites. Ex 17:9 Soon afterward he was one of
the twelve chiefs who were sent, Nu 13:17 to explore the land of
Canaan, and one of the two, ch. Nu 14:6 who gave an encouraging
report of their journey. Moses, shortly before his death, was
directed, Nu 27:18 to invest Joshua with authority over the people.
God himself gave Joshua a charge by the mouth of the dying lawgiver.
De 31:14,23 Under the direction of God again renewed, Jos 1:1 Joshua
assumed the command of the people at Shittim, sent spies into
Jericho, crossed the Jordan, fortified a camp at Gilgal, circumcised
the people, kept the passover, and was visited by the Captain of the
Lord's host. A miracle made the fall of Jericho more terrible to the
Canaanites. In the great battle of Beth-horon the Amorites were
signally routed, and the south country was open to the Israelites.
Joshua returned to the camp at Gilgal, master of half of Palestine.
He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor. In six years,
six tribes, with thirty-one petty chiefs, were conquered. Joshua,
now stricken in years, proceeded to make the division of the
conquered land. Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim was assigned as
Joshua's peculiar inheritance. After an interval of rest, Joshua
convoked an assembly from all Israel. He delivered two solemn
addresses, recorded in Jos 23:24 He died at the age of 110 years,
and was buried in his own city, Timnath-serah.
The Bible Mentions
"Canaanites" in many places:
Judges 1:33 - Neither
did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the
inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites,
the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of
Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them.
- Neither did Manasseh drive out [the inhabitants of] Bethshean and
her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and
her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the
inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites
would dwell in that land.
- And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which
[were] on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the
Canaanites, which [were] by the sea, heard that the LORD
had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of
Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither
was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of
Deuteronomy 7:1 - When the LORD thy God shall bring thee
into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out
many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the
Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and
the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier
17:18 - But the mountain shall be thine; for it [is] a wood,
and thou shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be thine:
for thou shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they
have iron chariots, [and] though they [be] strong.
- And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of
the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites,
and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers
to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt
keep this service in this month.
- And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the
Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land
and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place
of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites,
and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
9:8 - And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and
madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites,
the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites,
and the Girgashites, to give [it, I say], to his seed, and hast
performed thy words; for thou [art] righteous:
1:20 - And the captivity of this host of the children of
Israel [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even]
unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in
Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.
Deuteronomy 1:7 - Turn you, and take your journey, and go to
the mount of the Amorites, and unto all [the places] nigh thereunto,
in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and
by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and
unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates.
- Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying,
The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not
separated themselves from the people of the lands, [doing] according
to their abominations, [even] of the Canaanites, the
Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the
Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
13:11 - And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into
the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and
to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,
13:29 - The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and
the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the
mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by
the coast of Jordan.
9:24 - So the children went in and possessed the land, and
thou subduedst before them the inhabitants of the land, the
Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, with their
kings, and the people of the land, that they might do with them as
10:19 - And the border of the Canaanites was
from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto
Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
- And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of
Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the
Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and
the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.
50:11 - And when the inhabitants of the land, the
Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they
said, This [is] a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the
name of it was called Abelmizraim, which [is] beyond Jordan.
17:16 - And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not
enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in
the land of the valley have chariots of iron, [both they] who [are]
of Bethshean and her towns, and [they] who [are] of the valley of
24:11 - And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and
the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the
Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and
the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered
them into your hand.
- [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the
Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in
mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
14:43 - For the Amalekites and the Canaanites
[are] there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye
are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with
23:23 - For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee
in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the
Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will
cut them off.
- And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in
Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba:) and they
slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
- And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my
lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I
likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.
- Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the
inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among
them, and became tributaries.
34:30 - And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled
me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the
Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I [being] few in
number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay
me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Deuteronomy 20:17 - But thou shalt utterly destroy them;
[namely], the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites,
and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy
God hath commanded thee:
9:16 - [For] Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken
Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites
that dwelt in the city, and given it [for] a present unto his
daughter, Solomon's wife.
- In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in
the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the
Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the
Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:
24:3 - And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of
heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife
unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among
whom I dwell: