Campaigns of Alexander the Great
The campaigns of Alexander the Great, whose empire is
mentioned as the fourth kingdom in Dan 7:23, were of great importance
for Israel. With the exception of Tyre, which was still a flourishing
city off shore, which withstood siege for seven months in 332 A.D., the
Phoenician ports quickly surrendered.
for Print) (Freely Distributed)
Map of Alexander's
Once resistance at Gaza was broken,
the way was open to Egypt, where Alexandria was founded (331 BC). Many towns along the route of march (indicated by
the circle in circle)
were named for Alexander (Alexandria, Alexandre and Alexandropolis).
Alexander III "the Great" was born
in 356 B.C. and died at the young age of 33, in 323 B.C., but during
his life he became one greatest military commanders in all of
history. His major battles are marked on the map by the fiery sun
symbol. Alexander conquered the vast Persian Empire which had swallowed up
the territories of earlier empires: the Egyptian, Assyrian, and
Babylonian. He ruled from Greece to India, and suddenly died in
Babylon. He had no heir and so His kingdom was divided among four of
his generals - Syria went to Seleucus, Egypt to Ptolemy. Greece to
Cassander, and Thrace to Lysimachus. These four generals were known
as the Diadochoi, which means "Successors" in Greek.
The prophecies of Daniel were
written 250 years before Alexander was born, and yet they describe
him and his kingdom in great detail. The prophet Daniel called
Alexander the Great: the "Leopard", the "Horn" of Greece, and the
"Mighty King" who would swiftly conquer the kingdoms of the world.
Shortly afterward his kingdom would be broken and scattered like the
wind, and four weaker kingdoms would remain.
"After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard,
which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had
also four heads; and dominion was given to it."
The Horn of Greece
"And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on
the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the
goat had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came
to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the
river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come
close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and
smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in
the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and
stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out
of his hand."
The Great Horn
"The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media
and Persia. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the
great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Now
that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall
stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
The Mighty King
"And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule
with great dominion, and do according to his will. And when he shall
stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward
the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to
his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up,
even for others beside those."
Daniel was considered to be the
empire predicting prophet of all the Hebrew prophets, who foretold
four kingdoms upon the face of the earth that would rise after
1. The Kingdom of the Medes and Persians
2. The Kingdom of Greece
3. The Kingdom of Rome
4. The Future Roman Empire
Alexander the Great
in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
9. His Influence:
Alexander is not to be estimated merely as a military conqueror. If
he had been only this, he would have left no deeper impress on the
world than Tamerlane or Attila. While he conquered Asia, he
endeavored also to Hellenize her. He everywhere founded Greek cities
that enjoyed at all events a municipal autonomy. With these,
Hellenistic thought and the Hellenistic language were spread all
over southwestern Asia, so that philosophers from the banks of the
Euphrates taught in the schools of Athens. It was through the
conquests of Alexander that Greek became the language of literature
and commerce from the shores of the Mediterranean to the banks of
the Tigris. It is impossible to estimate the effect of this spread
of Greek on the promulgation of the gospel.
Alexander the Great in Smith's Bible
(helper of men--brave) king of Macedon, surnamed the Great,
the son of Philip and Olympias, was born at Pella B.C. 356, and
succeeded his father B.C. 336. Two years afterwards he crossed the
Hellespont (B.C. 334) to carry out the plans of his fathers and
execute the mission of (Greece to the civilized world. He subjugated
Syria and Palestine B.C. 334-332. Egypt next submitted to him B.C.
332, and in this year he founded Alexandria. In the same year he
finally defeated Darius at Gaugamela, who in B.C. 330 was murdered.
The next two years were occupied by Alexander in the consolidation
of his Persian conquests and the reduction of Bactria. In B.C. 327
he crossed the Indus; turning westward he reached Susa B.C. 325, and
proceeded to Babylon B.C. 324, which he chose as the capital of his
empire. In the next year (B.C. 323) he died there of intemperance,
at the early age of 32, in the midst of his gigantic plans; and
those who inherited his conquests left his designs unachieved and
unattempted. cf. Da 7:6; 8:5, 11:3 Alexander is intended in Da 2:39
and also Dani 7:6; 8:5-7; 11:3,4
the latter indicating the rapidity of his conquests and his
power. He ruled with great dominion, and did according to his will,
Da 11:3 "and there was none that could deliver .... out of his
hand." Da 8:7
The Bible Mentions "Greece" Many Times
Zechariah 9:13 - When I
have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up
thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made
thee as the sword of a mighty man.
- And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much
exhortation, he came into Greece,
Acts 21:37 - And as
Paul was to be led into the castle, he said unto the chief captain,
May I speak unto thee? Who said, Canst thou speak Greek?
Revelation 9:11 - And they had a king over them, [which is]
the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue
[is] Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath [his] name
- This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus
was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew,
[and] Greek, [and] Latin.
- Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple
was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a
Jewess, and believed; but his father [was] a Greek:
- The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation;
and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her
- And a superscription also was written over him in letters of
Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE
Colossians 3:11 - Where there is neither Greek
nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond
[nor] free: but Christ [is] all, and in all.
- Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised
him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew
all that his father was a Greek.
- For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power
of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first,
and also to the Greek.
3:28 - There is neither Jew nor Greek, there
is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye
are all one in Christ Jesus.
10:12 - For there is no difference between the Jew and the
Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all
that call upon him.
2:3 - But neither Titus, who was with me, being a
Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:
The Bible Mentions Also Mentions "Alexandria"
Acts 28:11 - And after
three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria,
which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.
- And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria,
an eloquent man, [and] mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
- And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria
sailing into Italy; and he put us therein.