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The boundary between the two kingdoms ran, according to tradition, between the boundary of the lands of Ephraim and Benjamin. The boundary went from the northwest coast eastward to the cities of Gibbethon, Gezer, Aijalon, Mizpah (south of Bethel), and down to the Jordan valley below Jericho.
This border line was not acceptable to Rehoboam, since it left his capital city Jerusalem vulnerable to attack from the north side and as a result:
"There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually"
The two kings fought hard for that strategic plateau on the north side in Jerusalem.
After Rehoboam died, his son Abijah took back Bethel and its surrounding hill country from Israel. It wasn't long before Israel struggled to take it back. After Jeroboam died, his son Nadab (successor) was assassinated by Baasha. He took back Bethel from Abijah’s son Asa and drove him back to Ramah, which was 5 1/2 miles north of Jerusalem.
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