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8. Jews Deported to Babylon from Ramah
The Jews are Deported from Ramah to Babylon in Chains
Jer 31:15 "Thus says the LORD: 'A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted for her children, Because they are no more.'"
Nebuchadnezzar established his headquarters on the plain of Hamath, at Riblah (Jer 39:5) far in the north, and from there he sat as commander in chief. He gave his generals orders and they took Jerusalem.
It was in Ramah that the Jewish captives were assembled in chains, among whom was Jeremiah himself (39:8-12; 40:1).
Jer 40:1 "The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD after Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him bound in chains among all who were carried away captive from Jerusalem and Judah, who were carried away captive to Babylon."
Here many were slaughtered including those who, from weakness, age, or poverty, were not believed worthwhile to transport to Babylon, thus fulfilling part of the prophecy:
Jer 31:15 "Thus says the LORD: "A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted for her children, Because they are no more." (also see Matt 2:18).
Three distinct deportations are mentioned in Scripture:
Jer 24:14 (10,000 persons) and 25:11, 2 Chron 36:20, Jer 52:28-30 (4,600 persons), and Dan 1:3.
(See the Timeline)
Table of Contents
Fall of Jerusalem
1- Babylon Approaching
2- Capture of Judean Cities
3- The Siege of Jerusalem
4- Edomites Raid Judah
5- Rumor of Egyptian Forces
6- Jerusalem is Captured
7- King Zedekiah Tries to Flee
8- Jews Deported to Babylon
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"And I will wipe Jerusalem as one wipes a dish, wiping it
and turning it upside down" (2 Kings 21:13)
The Destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC.
Revival came during the reign of Hezekiah but it was immediately swept aside by his son Manasseh, who was Judah's most wicked and longest ruling king. The nation never fully recovered from the effects of this evil king. Manasseh's son Amon continued in his father's depravity, but he soon was murdered. His successor Josiah (about 640-609 B.C.) restored traditional covenant religion, which was based on the Book of the Law newly discovered in a Temple storeroom (2 Chr. 34:14). Many did not follow Josiah's example, however, and the prophet Zephaniah foretold disaster for the nation. By 610 B.C. the Assyrian Empire had collapsed under Babylonian attacks, and Babylon prepared to march against Egypt, which had been helping the Assyrians. Against Jeremiah's advice, Josiah intervened and was killed at Megiddo.
After Josiah there was no hope for Judah, the last 3 kings were all evil. The Babylonians swept down upon Jerusalem in 597 B.C. and captured it. A second attack led to Jerusalem's second defeat in 586 B.C. Captives from both campaigns were taken to Babylonia to mark the captivity of the Southern Kingdom.
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