Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
1. Previous List
Assyria
Collections
Egypt
Egypt Art
Galilee
Greece
Greece N.T.
Israel
Jerusalem
Jordan
Judah
Minos
Mycenae
Pompeii
Rome
Samaria
Sketches

Back to Categories

June 27    Scripture

Images & Art: Egypt Art
Photos Design and Art

1 Bible History Online "Images From The Past" Coins, statues, busts, places, Reliefs and more
http://www.bible-history.com/past/


ALABASTER BOX AND BOAT From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The purpose of this carved alabaster box and boat is uncertain; perhaps it was used to hold perfume. Its value to us is that it is probably a replica of the funerary barge. It is inlaid with colored glass-paste and semiprecious stones and highlighted with gold leaf. Notice the columns with double capitals which support the awning or canopy over the cabin on the boat. The height is fourteen inches.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


ANTECHAMBER AND ENTRANCE TO A SIDE CHAMBER Tomb of Nefetari Valley of the Queens, Western Thebes Dynasty XIX, 1304-1237 B.C. The decoration is elaborate, elegant, and mysterious. Prior to painting, the walls in the rock tomb are prepared with a thick coat of plaster and slightly modeled in relief.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


AVENUE OF SPHINXES Karnak Dynasty XIX, c. 1275 B.C. Ram-headed sphinxes line the processional way from the river to the entrance of the temple of Amon-Ra. The route is laid out on a direct east-west axis.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


AVENUE OF SPHINXES Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XXX, 380-363 B.C. This avenue of sphinxes connects the temple at Karnak with the temple at Luxor. Ahead is the pylon of Ramesses II.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


BANQUETING SCENE WITH FOUR LADIES From the tomb of Neferronpet Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1450-1425 B.C. Four formal figures move in a musical rhythm. This is achieved through color as well as line.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


BED From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo Covered in a heavy sheet of gold, this bed has a slightly curved frame with woven mesh. The legs are shaped like the fore and hind legs of a lion. The footboard (which is away from us) is carved with papyrus and lotus patterns. It is divided into three panels by binding rods which are also designed based on the papyrus.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


BENT PYRAMID OF SNEFERU Dahshur Dynasty IV, 2680-2565 B.C. The bent pyramid is transitional.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


BLOCK STATUE OF SENMUT AND NEFERU-RA Dynasty XVIII, C. 1500 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The architect Senmut and Neferu-ra, daughter of Queen Hatshepsut, cut in granite.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


BURIAL VAULT OF SENNOFER Sheikh Abd el Gurna, Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1448-1422 B.C. The normal effects of the unfinished and unsquared walls of this tomb are minimized by the painting. Notice the beautiful patterns juxtaposed on the ceiling.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CASKET Dynasty IV, C. 2590 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Turin This wooden casket held a woman's toiletries. It is decorated with ivory and blue and black enamel. The height is eleven inches.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CEILING IN THE TOMB OF NEFERHOTEP Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1345-1320 B.C. A richly decorative painted ceiling.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CENTRAL PASSAGEWAY Great Hypostyle Hall Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XIX, 1318-1237 B.C. The central aisle of the great hypostyle hall at Karnak. It is lined on each side with six enormous columns seventy-eight feet high with lotus-blossom capitals. The passageway continues directly along the east-west axis.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CHAIR OF HETEPHERES From the tomb of Queen Hetepheres Giza Dynasty IV, C. 2600 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This low chair of Queen Hetepheres has a wide seat that slopes toward the back. In the side panels of the high arms are three carved papyrus flowers bound together. The front and back legs are shaped like the legs of a lion. They are supported by beaded drums. The oldest existing chair, it was carefully reconstructed with parts of the original.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CHAIR OF PRINCESS SITAMUN From the tomb of Yuis and Thuiu Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1400 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo Similar to the preceding Old Kingdom chair, this New Kingdom chair has significant features of its own. The backrest is slanted and shaped, forming an open triangle with the straight back and the seat. The curved shape of the arms, leg stretchers, woven seat, an the elaborate gold decorations and carving are all distinctive. (This particular chair is a copy of the original.)
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CHAIR OF SENNEDJEM From the tomb of Sennedjem Deir el M?dineh Western Thebes Dynasty XIX, C. 1250 B.C. This chair is painted all over. The craftsmanship is crude.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CHEST ON LEGS From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo An ebony and cedar chest on long slender legs. The form is emphasized by the gilded hieroglyphics.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


CLOSED LOTUS CAPITAL Dating from the Ancient Egyptian Kingdom Found by de Morgan in the tomb of the Ptah-schep-ses near Aboukir Horizontal section of the column is also given Revue arch. 1894. The column consists of 6 principal and 6 intermediate stalks, held together by 5 neck-bands. The capital consists of very sharp-pointed buds. The Intermediate stalks end above in open lotus-flowers. The whole column is painted over in a naturalistic manner.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


COLONNADE Temple of Hatshepsut Deir el Bahari, Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1480 B.C. This colonnade is on the south side of the second terrace. Like all the colonnades throughout the temple complex, it is decorated with reliefs.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


COLONNADE AND COURTYARD Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XVIII, c. 1400-1360 B.C. The hypostyle leads into a large court which is surrounded by columned halls open on the inner courtyard. In the distance is the pylon of Ramesses II. The columns on the left are bundled papyrus columns
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


COLONNADED PROCESSIONAL HALL Mortuary Complex of King Zoser Saqqara Dynasty III, 2780-2680 B.C. The processional way through the large stone hall is lined with engaged columns. The great court lies ahead.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


COLOSSI OF MEMNON Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1360 B.C. Egyptian sculpture is as monumental as its architecture. These two sculptures, each carved out of a single block of stone, are about seventy feet high. They represent Amenhotep III and were placed at the entrance to his mortuary temple. Notice the small figure of his wife on the left-hand statue; his mother has a similar place on the right-hand statue. The juxtaposition of different scales is a common practice in Egyptian art.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


COLUMN WITH CLOSED LOTUS CAPITAL From the Middle Kingdom Found in Benihasan Horizontal section is also given (Lepsius, Tagebuch.) Like all lotus columns, this one has neither foliage nor entasis. From the stone base, on which the column is raised, rise 4 main stalks. These, and the 4 intermediate stalks, are held together by means of 5 chaplets. The capital is made up of 4 lotus-buds with longitudinal convex bands. The abacus is small and square.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


DANCING GIRLS From the tomb of Antefoker Thebes Dynasty XII, C. 1950 B.C. In this Middle Kingdom painting the figures are rigid and symmetrical. Everything is simplified, including the dress.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, BANQUETING SCENE From the tomb of Nebamun and Ipuky Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1400 B.C. The three stools on the left are made with straight wooden legs and are supported by straight and diagonal braces. The folding stool on the right has animal legs and a seat covered with hide.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, BENT PYRAMID OF SNEFERU Dahshur Dynasty IV, 2680-2565 B.C. The casing gives a polished solid surface to the pyramid
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, COLUMNS FROM THE COURT Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XVIII, c. 1400-1360 B.C. These columns are among the finest achievements of Egyptian architecture. Known as papyrus-bundle columns, they represent bound stalks of the sacred papyrus plant which are capped with a cluster of papyrus buds.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, ENGAGED COLUMN WITH PAPYRUS CAPITAL Mortuary Complex of King Zoser Saqqara Dynasty III, 2780-2680 B.C. This beautiful form is introduced in Zoser's complex and lasts in variations throughout Egyptian architecture.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, GREAT WINDOW GRILLE Great Hypostyle Hall Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XIX, 1318-l237 B.C. The windows are covered with stone grilles which severely limit the amount of light, leaving much of the columned hall in darkness.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, HUNTING AND FISHING From the tomb of Menna Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1422-1411 B.C. Depth in space is two-dimensional. Objects in the distance are kept the same size as those nearby and placed on top of them.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, OVERHEAD WINDOWS Great Hypostyle Hall Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XIX, 1318-1237 B.C. Only narrow rays of light can enter through these little openings cut into the seventy-eight foot high ceiling at Karnak. It is typically Egyptian to place windows high on the wall or to make them overhead slits like this in order to keep the buildings in near-darkness.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, PAINTED CEILING IN THE TOMB OF THE PAINTER MAY Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1320 B.C. Detail of a painted ceiling in the tomb of the painter May. A funerary text is inscribed on the center yellow band.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, SCULPTURED PILLAR Deir el Bahari, Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1480 B.C. The goddess Hathor, protectress of the city of the dead, is carved on this pillar from the Hathor shrine on the south side of the first terrace. She is portrayed as a beautiful woman with the ears of a cow.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, SHRINE OF KING SESOSTRIS I Karnak Dynasty XII, c. 1940 B.C. The limestone pillars are decorated with relief and hieroglyphics.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Detail, STRUCTURAL MEMBERS Festival Hall of Tuthmosis III Dynasty XVIII, 1504-1450 B.C. The festival hall of Tuthmosis III also has light-slits high up in the wall which control and limit the entering light.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


EGYPTIAN FURNITURE (Canina, arch. ant.).
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


EGYPTIAN MURAL FRESCO (Uhde).
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


ENCLOSING WALL AND ENTRANCE Mortuary Complex of King Zoser Saqqara Dynasty III, 2780-2680 B.C. The entrance to the complex. Like the pyramid, the enclosing wall is made of small stones and the surface is broken up and textured.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


FEMALE MOURNERS From the tomb of Ramose Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1411-1374 B.C. The mourners are controlled. Their gestures are calculated and impassive. These restrained qualities are typical of Egyptian art at this time.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


FLOOR PAINTING From Tell el Amarna Dynasty XVIII, 1379-1362 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This is a portion of a floor painting with ducks, papyrus, and lotus flowers from the palace at Tell el Amarna. It was intended to be walked on.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


FLORAL LAMP From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The graceful design of this lamp is based on the lotus plant and rendered in transparent alabaster. In use each vase held oil and had a wick.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


FOWLING IN THE MARSHES From the tomb of Nebamun Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1417-1379 B.C. The hunt is frequently represented on tomb walls. This exquisite example presents the hunt in a magical way. While retaining the typical formalities, it overflows with energy.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


FUNERAL PROCESSION From the tomb of Ramose Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1411-1375 B.C. In the funeral procession the furniture-bearers carry most of the key pieces of Egyptian furniture: stools, a chair, boxes, a bed, and headrest. What one requires in the present world is necessary in the afterlife.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


GAME TABLE From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo A game table of ebony and ivory. The game played is called senmut. When not in use, the pieces are stored inside the table.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


GEESE OF MEIDUM From the Mastaba of Itel, Meidum Early Dynasty IV, C. 2700 B.C. Cairo Museum Painted in sharp flat colors, these geese stand out against a neutral ground. In formal symmetry they face another group of three geese. They are a small part of a panel which is five feet long and only nine inches high. This is the oldest Egyptian painting to survive.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


GILDED LIONESS COUCH From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo A lioness couch with carved heads and long curving tails.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HATHOR CHAPEL From Temple of Hatshepsut Deir el Bahari Dynasty XVIII, c. 1480 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo A variety of painted borders in orange, gold, and blue surround and enhance the large pictorial areas. The chapel roof is covered with a flat barrel vault, an unusual feature in Egyptian architecture, which is painted to look like a night teeming with stars.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HEADREST From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This headrest is made of turquoise blue glass. The engraved gold band covers the joint between the top and bottom pieces. Its height is seven and one-quarter inches.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HIEROGLYPHICS From the tomb of Thanuny Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1422-1411 B.C. In this small hieroglyphic section of a wall the two main portions are balanced through subtle variations. Notice how some brush strokes have been applied quickly, almost casually.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HYPOSTYLE COLONNADE Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XVIII, c. 1400-1360 B.C. The central colonnade of the long and narrow hypostyle of the temple at Luxor. It was started by Amenhotep III fifty years before the Karnak hypostyle and completed by Tutankhamon.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HYPOSTYLE COLONNADE Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XVIII, c. 1400-1360 B.C. There are seven papyrus-bundle columns fifty-two feet high on each side of the passage.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


HYPOSTYLE HALL Rock Temple of Ramesses II Formerly at Abu Simbel Dynasty XIX, 1304-1237 B.C. Inside the unique temple are the usual complex of rooms. These are two of eight large Osiris sculptures lined up four by four against the pillars in the hypostyle hall. They are placed to catch the morning sunlight coming through the main entrance. The great hall is fifty-eight feet long by fifty-four feet wide. Deeper into the rock is a pillared hall, a transverse hall, and the sanctuary. To the side of these main rooms are the eight small ones used primarily to store ceremonial articles.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


INNERMOST COFFIN OF TUTANKHAMON From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo Tutankhamon's inner coffin highlights many qualities found throughout Egyptian art. A remarkably simple and sophisticated form is realized in very rich and refined materials. In this combination of form and materials, the Egyptian spirit strives to face the eternal world with dignity and peace.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Interior detail, MASTABA OF TI Saqqara Dynasty V, c. 2500 B.C. Scenes from daily life are portrayed throughout the tombs. Here a herdsman leads his cattle through a canal. The calf being carried in the front looks anxiously at its mother.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Interior, MASTABA OF MERERUKA Saqqara Dynasty V, c. 2500 B.C. The mastaba is a tomb for court functionaries. Ordinarily a burial chamber is cut into rock below ground level. Built above the chamber is a simple rectangular flat-topped brick structure with sloping sides. By the fifth dynasty the tomb chamber develops into a network of corridors and rooms. In the chapel of the Mastaba of Mereruka, a statue of the nobleman stands in a false door. He also is represented in the painted wall reliefs.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


ISIS, SETY I AS OSIRIS, AND THE PRIEST XUN-MUTEF From a chapel dedicated to Osiris Temple of Sety I Abydos Dynasty XIX, C. 1304-1290 B.C. Some of the warm subtle color tones remain on this painted tomb relief of King Sety I.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


LADIES IN THE SHADE OF THE SYCAMORE From the tomb of Userhet Thebes Dynasty XIX, C. 1298-1235 B.C. Typical of the nineteenth dynasty, this painting is elegant, precise, rich and elaborate.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


LIMESTONE STATUE OF KING ZOSER Zoser Mortuary Complex Saqqara Dynasty IV, C. 2667-2648 B.C. Egyptian sculpture is closely tied to its architectural surroundings. This is the first known portrait statue. It was buried in the ground at the foot of the kings step pyramid. Two holes were cut into the wall at eye level, linking the king with the outside world. Zoser is portrayed in the ritual garments of the Heb-Sed festival.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


MAIN PYLON RELIEFS Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III Medinet Habu Dynasty XX, c. 1175 B.C. These brilliant pylon reliefs portray Ramesses III on a chariot drawn by horses as he and his archers hunt bulls at the edge of the river. Notice the contrasting scales between the king and his men and the fish carved at the bottom right.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


MERERUKA AND HIS WIFE SEATED ON A BED From the Mastaba of Vizier Mereruka Saqqara Dynasty VI, C. 2325 B.C. An early bed with heavy lion-claw legs, a high board at one end and a foot-board and cushion at the other, and with a thick mattress. Underneath the bed are tables and vases.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


MORTUARY COMPLEX OF KING ZOSER Saqqara Dynasty III, 2780-2680 B.C. A thirty-five acre mortuary complex contains the pyramid, a small temple, courtyards, a palace, shrines, altars, storehouses, and tombs. The complex is surrounded by an enclosing or perimeter wall. There is one entrance, a simple doorway.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


OBELISK OF QUEEN HATSHEPSUT Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XVIII, 1503-1482 B.C. The rose granite obelisk of Queen Hatshepsut is more than ninety-seven feet high. It is one of two built in front of Pylon V. Normally obelisks stand in pairs at the entrance to a temple. The top part which slopes to a point is called a pyramidion.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


OPEN PAPYRUS FLOWER CAPITAL AT KARNAC Dating from the Middle Kingdom (Prisse) Pictures and inscriptions are worked in between the painted flower stalks.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PAINTED AND GILDED STOOL From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1352 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This ornate stool has a deep double cove seat and intertwined grillwork between the legs.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PAINTED CHEST From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo This simple chest on four short legs is elaborately painted, showing Tutankhamon in victorious battle against the Syrians. It was made to hold the king's sandals.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PAINTED WALL From the tomb of an unknown person Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1500 B.C. Scenes from daily life are painted one on top of another and can be read like a comic book, although in Egyptian scenes, it is generally one "reads" it from the bottom up.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Painting detail, BURIAL VAULT OF SENNOFER Sheikh Abd 1 Gurna, Thebes Dynasty XVIII, c. 1448-1422, B.C. A detail of the vine. The painting is on plaster.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PALM-LEAF CAPITAL OF A COLUMN IN BERSCHE Dating from the Middle Kingdom (Borchardt)
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PAPYRUS COLUMN WITH OPEN FLOWER CAPITAL From the granite pilasters in front of the Sanctuary in Karnac (Lepsius)
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PERISTYLE AND COURTYARD Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XVIII, c. 1400-1360 B.C. On three sides of the court the columns are in rows of two. On the fourth (the south side) is a vestibule which leads on to the sanctuary. Where the light begins to be cut off again the columns are in rows of four. Originally there was a roof over the columns and an enclosing wall on the outside.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PILLARS OF TUTHMOSIS III Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XVIII, 1504-1450 B.C. These two pillars stand outside the sanctuary of Amon. The papyrus decoration on the left pillar symbolizes Lower Egypt and the lotus on the right symbolizes Upper Egypt.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PLAN OF TYPICAL FUNERARY COMPLEX This diagram, while not of any specific funerary complex, shows the basic parts found at most of the sites. The body of the king was brought to the valley temple for the beginning of the burial process. In the valley temple it was "mummyfied" and prepared for burial over a period of two to three months. Next it was moved in a wooden coffin on a ceremonial barge, which was moved up the causeway to the mortuary temple. There after prayers and rituals it was placed on a more ceremonial barge which was moved by priests up a temporary ramp to the entrance of the pyramid. There it was carried to the tomb within the pyramid where it was placed into the sarchophagus, which was sealed with a heavy granite cover. After placing food and other objects for the use of the kings spirit within the tomb chamber, it was then closed and the pyramid sealed.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PYLON I Temple of Amon, Karnak Ptolomaic Dynasty The pylon functions both as barricade and entrance to the sacred precincts. Beyond Pylon I, which was started during the Ptolomaic Period (304-30 B.C.) but never completed, is a series of pylons along the sacred way leading to the sanctuary.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PYLON II OF THE REMEDIES From "Description de l''gypte" Paris, 1809-22 This aquatint from a twentieth dynasty relief shows the tall flagpoles which ordinarily stand in front of the pylon. They are wrapped in colorful cloth. The flagpoles next to the obelisks and statues constitute the third essential symbolic element at the entrance to the sacred precinct.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PYLON OF RAMESSES II Temple of Amon, Luxor Dynasty XIX, c. 1250 B.C. One of the original two obelisks in front of the pylon (the second was taken in the nineteenth century to the Place de la Concorde, Paris). Colossal statues of Ramesses II flank the entrance. The reliefs and hieroglyphics have mostly worn away.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PYRAMID OF UNAS Saqqara Dynasty V, c. 2350 B.C. The oldest known Egyptian religious text is meticulously cut into the walls of King Unas's tomb. The pyramid which stood above the tombs no longer exists.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


PYRAMIDS AT GIZA Dynasty IV, 2680-2565 B.C. The three great pyramids at Giza. The largest, the pyramid of King Cheops, is in the rear. To build it required over two million large limestone blocks. The pyramid of King Chephren is in the center and the pyramid of King Mycerinus is in front. The three small pyramids are of Mycerinus's queens. These monumental pyramids are precisely oriented to the four cardinal points. Cheops' pyramid is a square, 756 feet on each side. Its height is over 481 feet and the slope of the sides is 552'.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


QUEEN AHMOSE Bas-relief from the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut Deir el Bahari Dynasty XVIII, C. 1500 B.C. Painters and sculptors work hand in hand. During the eighteenth dynasty this collaboration achieves some of the great masterpieces of Egyptian art. The paint has faded on this small portion of a bas-relief of Queen Ahmose, mother of Hatshepsut. But the portrait that survives is delicate, moving and powerful.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


ROCK TEMPLE OF RAMESSES II Formerly at Abu Simbel Dynasty XIX, 1304-1237 B.C. Ramesses II cuts this temple out of the rock mountain at Abu Simbel. Four huge sixty-five foot statues of the king overpower the facade. Little statues of his family are cut between the legs.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SACRED LAKE AND MIDDLE PORTION OF THE TEMPLE Temple of Amon, Karnak Beyond the sacred lake, a significant part of the temple complex, is the hypostyle hall and to the left Pylon I. Pylon VII is on the far left, part of the processional avenue between the temple of Amon and the temple of Mut. On the far right are the obelisks of Tuthmosis I and Queen Hatshepsut.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


Sen-Mut TEMPLE OF HATSHEPSUT Deir el Bahari, Thebes Dynasty XVII, c. 1480 B.C. The Unique temple of Queen Hatshep is built upward in three stage against the towering mountain cliffs. It is dedicated to the God Amon with parts also dedicated to the goddess Hathor and the god Anubis. In spite of the temple's setting and its very different open feeling, it follows the ancient sequence. There is a valley temple, a causeway, a mortuary temple and, cut deep into the mountain rock, a funerary chapel. The Architect was Sen-mut, who was also chancellor to the queen.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SHRINE OF KING SESOSTRIS Karnak Dynasty XII, c. 1940 B.C. This shrine or repository chapel is a resting place for the sacred barge which contains the figure of the god Amon as it moves along the processional journey in celebration of the king's jubilee. There are ramps at both ends of the shrine.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SHRINE OF THE ROYAL COUPLE From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1350 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The golden shrine held golden statues of the king and queen. The panels show the king and queen at different moments of intimacy.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SIDE COLUMNS Great Hypostyle Hall Temple of Amon, Karnak Dynasty XIX, 1318-1237 B.C. There are side columns with lotus-bud capitals south and north of the central passage. They are shorter than the main columns and set at closer intervals. Light comes in through windows above the taller columns.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SMALL PERFUME JARS Provenance unknown Dynasty XVIII British Museum, London Perfume jars made of colored glass less than four inches high.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SMALLER ROCK TEMPLE Formerly at Abu Simbel Dynasty XIX, 1304-1237 B.C. The smaller temple at Abu Simbel is dedicated to Nefertari, Ramesses' wife and the goddess Hathor. Sculptures of the king and queen as Hathor alternate between incised pilasters in the form of buttresses. The carved areas of the facade were originally covered with painted stucco.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


SOUTHERN TOMB OF ZOSER Saqqara Dynasty III, c. 2660 B.C. From the earliest dynasties Egyptian interiors are decorated with great care for content, design, and beauty. In the second Southern tomb in King Zoser's complex at Saggara, a relief depicts the king as he runs a ritual course during his Heb-Sed festival or jubilee. Blue faience tiles imitate reed matting around the low-relief panel and throughout the tomb. The delicate hieroglyphics symbolize eternal duration.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


STATUE OF KING CHEPHREN Dynasty IV, Egyptian Museum, Cairo One of the statues of King Chephren which stood in the hall of his valley temple at Giza. The pose is formal and the features are abstracted. He is protected by the falcon Horus. Originally the rich diorite stone was painted. Egyptian sculpture was not meant to be seen in the round. It stood up against a wall almost as if it were part of the wall.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


STATUE OF KING MYCERINUS AND HIS QUEEN From the Valley Temple of Mycerinus Giza Dynasty IV, 2680-2565 B.C. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Regal and human, the hard-stone sculpture of Mycerinus and his wife is the first known work of a couple. It stood in the valley temple of the king's pyramid at Giza.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


STATUE OF KING NEB-HETEP-RA MENTUHOTEP Dynasty XI, 2060-2010 B.C. Egyptian Museum Cairo A massive painted sandstone statue from a funerary niche in the king's mortuary temple at Dier el Bahari.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


STELE OF WEPEMNEFERT From Giza Dynasty IV, C. 2590 B.C. Museum of Anthropology University of California, Berkeley The stool with animal legs and a papyrus flower terminal is common in the Old Kingdom and earlier. This seat has a cushion.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


STEP PYRAMID OF KING ZOSER Saqqara Dynasty III, 2780-2680 B.C. The step pyramid of King Zoser was built by Inhotep, chancellor of the king, high priest, healer, and architect. This is the first pyramid and the first building in stone. In six stages or steps, it rises to a height of 204 feet. The original limestone facing is gone. Zoser's burial chamber is at the bottom of a shaft more than ninety feet under the base of the pyramid. Even in this initial form the pyramid reaches out to link man with eternity.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THE DAUGHTERS OF AKHENATEN From Tell el Amarna Dynasty XVIII, C. 1375-1358 B.C. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford The Amarna style developed briefly under the rule of King Akhenaten. One example of the style is this painting of orange-brown casual figures against a brightly decorated orange ground. While the heads seem unnatural in shape there is speculation that this is a realistic portrait of the two sisters who suffered from a genetic deformation of the skull.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THE GREAT SPHINX Giza Dynasty IV, c. 2540 B.C. The sphinx has the body of a lion and the head of a man. It reclines next to the causeway between the pyramid or mortuary temple and the valley temple of Chephren. Its meaning remains a mystery.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THE PREFECT OF MEMPHIS, AMENHOTEP AND HIS WIFE From the tomb of Ramose Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1411-1375 B.C. In the same tomb is this classical limestone relief.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THE QUEEN PLAYING SENMUT From the tomb of Nefertari Valley of the Queens Western Thebes Dynasty XIX, 1298-1235 B.C. The profile of this chair shows the shape of the lion leg and the straight outer back and curved inner backrest. The top of the back ends with a turn. The queen plays senmut, a game somewhat like chess, on a low table.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THOTHMES PILLAR OF GRANITE Dating from the New Kingdom Found in the sanctuary in Karnak (Lepsius, Tagebuch)
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


THRONE OF KING TUTANKHAMON From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1352 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The golden throne of Tutankhamon. Sheet gold is worked around a wooden base and inlaid with faience, colored glass, lapis lazuli and calcite. The king and queen are sensitively portrayed on the shaped back. The arms are filled with winged cobras.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


TOMB OF RAMESSES I Valley of the Kings, Western Thebes Dynasty XIX, 1320-1318 B.C. Ramesses I is surrounded by gods on the walls of his tomb.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


TOMB PILLAR Tomb of Sety I Valley of the Kings, Western Thebes Dynasty XIX, 1318-1304 B.C. A pillar in the hall of six pillars in the tomb of Sety I. It is painted on all sides. This side shows the king facing Osiris in the shape of a mummy.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


VALLEY TEMPLE OF CHEPHREN Giza Dynasty IV, 2680-2565 B.C. In the valley temple the priests purify the body of the dead king on its way from the earth to eternity. The temple is a square building of massive limestone blocks which are faced with polished red granite. Light filters through small openings at the top of the wall. A flat roof is made of granite, the floors of alabaster. Against the walls stand statues of King Chephren (see A56).
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


WILD LIFE IN THE PAPYRUS MARSHES From the Mastaba of Mereruka Saqqara Dynasty VI, C. 2300 B.C. Another small scene from nature on the walls of a mastaba. Originally this strong relief was brightly painted.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


WOODEN CHAIR WITH GOLD-COVERED DECORATION From the tomb of Tutankhamon Valley of the Kings Western Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1352 B.C. Egyptian Museum, Cairo The back panel has beautiful open carving. The seat curves up at the edges and down in the center. This is called a double cove. The lion's claws are carved in ivory.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


WOODEN TABLE From Thebes Dynasty XVIII, C. 1450 British Museum, London A three-legged table. The most common Egyptian table has four legs and is low and lightweight.
http://www.bible-history.com/biblehistoryonline_ancientimages.php


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2017 Bible History Online





More Bible History