Jerusalem is located 14 miles west of the Dead Sea, 33 miles east of the Mediterranean. The city is situated on an uneven rocky plateau at an elevation of 2,550 feet. It is 3,800 feet above the level of the Dead Sea. There are many hills and valleys surrounding Jerusalem.
"as the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his people from henceforth even for ever." - Psalm 125:2
This rough topographic sketch of Jerusalem enables us to appreciate the two great advantages of its position. On the one hand the ravines which entrench it on the west, south and east, out of which the rocky slopes of the city rise like the walls of a fortress out of its ditches, must on those quarters have rendered it impregnable to the warfare of the Old World. On the other hand, its junction with the more level ground on its north and north-west sides afforded an opportunity of expansion, of which we know advantage was taken, and which gave it remarkable superiority over other cities of Palestine. - WBD
Jerusalem is located 14 miles west of the Dead Sea, 33 miles east of the Mediterranean. Bethlehem lies about 5 miles to the southeast. The city is situated on an uneven rocky plateau at an elevation of 2,550 feet. It is 3,800 feet above the level of the Dead Sea. It is poetically called "beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth" (Ps 48:2). Its location has helped to give it prestige and protection. Jerusalem stands at a point where three steep-sided little ravines join to form one valley. They are the Kidron, Tyropoeon, and Hinnom valleys. The Kidron runs north and south and lies on the east of the city. Between it and the Tyropoeon Valley (also north-south) a long, narrow spur extends southward; on this stood the Jebusite town conquered by David. Then a western hill (now known as Zion) stands between the Tyropoeon and the Hinnom, which runs north and south and then curves in an easterly direction to join the other two valleys. To the east of the Kidron rises the Mount of Olives.
The City of Jerusalem from Ancient Times to the Present
Images of the area of Jerusalem from the time of David, Solomon, and Hezekiah, to the time of Jesus and modern Jerusalem.
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