Second Temple: Dome of the Rock
The Dome of the Rock mosque currently sits on the summit of Mount Moriah, covering the site where the temple once stood. Muslims call the summit the Haram esh-Sherif (the sacred enclosure). In the center is a raised platform on which the Dome sits. The Mohammedan mosque is called Kubbet es-Sahkra (Dome of the Rock) or the Mosque of Omar. In the center of the dome there is a projecting rock, which is the highest part of Mount Moriah. Over this rock the altar of burnt-offerings stood. It was the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite.
The Dome of the Rock by Easton
The summit of Mount Moriah, on which the temple stood, is now
occupied by the Haram esh-Sherif, i.e., "the sacred enclosure."
This enclosure is about 1,500 feet from north to south, with a
breadth of about 1,000 feet, covering in all a space of about 35
acres. About the centre of the enclosure is a raised platform,
16 feet above the surrounding space, and paved with large stone
slabs, on which stands the Mohammedan mosque called Kubbet
es-Sahkra i.e., the "Dome of the Rock," or the Mosque of Omar.
This mosque covers the site of Solomon's temple. In the centre
of the dome there is a bare, projecting rock, the highest part
of Moriah (q.v.), measuring 60 feet by 40, standing 6 feet above
the floor of the mosque, called the sahkra, i.e., "rock." Over
this rock the altar of burnt-offerings stood. It was the
threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite. The exact position on
this "sacred enclosure" which the temple occupied has not been
yet definitely ascertained. Some affirm that Herod's temple
covered the site of Solomon's temple and palace, and in addition
enclosed a square of 300 feet at the south-western angle. The
temple courts thus are supposed to have occupied the southern
portion of the "enclosure," forming in all a square of more than
900 feet. It is argued by others that Herod's temple occupied a
square of 600 feet at the south-west of the "enclosure."
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