Second Temple: Destruction
The Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed on the 9th of Av in 70 AD by Roman legions under Titus. The Arch of Titus in Rome commemorates Titus's victory in Judea and depicts a Roman victory procession with Jewish captives and the spoils from the Temple being carried, including the golden Menorah, the golden Table of the Shewbread, and the silver trumpets. Jerusalem was finally buried as Jesus had predicted.
Destruction of the Second Temple - Wikipedia
In 66 CE the Jewish population rebelled against the Roman empire. Four years later, in 70 CE, Roman legions under Titus retook and subsequently destroyed much of Jerusalem and the Second Temple. The Arch of Titus, located in Rome and built to commemorate Titus's victory in Judea, depict a Roman victory procession with soldiers carrying spoils from the Temple, including the Menorah. Although Jews continued to inhabit the destroyed city, Jerusalem was razed by the Emperor Hadrian at the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt in 135 CE when he established a new city called Aelia Capitolina. The destruction date according to the Hebrew calendar was the 9th of Av, also known as Tisha B'Av (29 or 30 July 70).
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