Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online

Bible History Online

Sub Categories
Aceldama
Acropolis
Antonia Fortress
Apse of the Nea Church
Aqabat et - Takiya
Armenian Mosaic
Bab el - Mathara
Bab el - Qattanin
Bethany
Bethphage
Burnt House
Cardo Maximus
Cave of Gethsemane
Chruch of the Visitation
Church if St John the Baptist
Church of all Nations
Church of St John the Baptist
Church of St Mary Magdalene
Church of the Pater Noster
Church of the Redeemer
Citadel Excavations
Citadel Museum
Crusader Market
Damascus Gate
Dome of the Chain
Dome of the Rock
Dominus Flevit
Ecce Homo
El - Aksa Mosque
Essene Gate
Ethiopian Monastery
Fountain of Sultan Qaytbay
Four Synagogues
Garden Tomb
Gihon Spring
Golden Gate
Hermitage
Herod's Family Tomb
Herod's Gate
Herodian Houses
Hezekiah's Tunnel
Hurva and Ramban Synagogues
Iron Age Wall
Islamic Museum
Israel Museum Western Section
Israelite and Hasmonean Walls
Jaffa Gate
Jason's Tomb
Jebusite Wall
Jerusalem Gates
Jerusalem Walls
Judgment Gate
Madrasa Ashrafiyya
Minor Monuments
Model of Herodian Jerusalem
Model of Iron Age Jerusalem
Monastery of the Cross
Monastery of the Flagellation
Mosque of the Ascension
Museums in Northern Section
Museums Western Section
New Gate
Patriarch's Bath Pool
Paved Street
Platform of Dome of the Rock
Pool of Bethesda
Pool of Siloam
Roman Column
Roofs of the Market
Russian Ascension Church
Russian Mission
Sanhedrin Tombs
Shaft Tombs
Sion Gate to Dung Gate
Solomon's Quarries
Solomon's Stables
St Anne's
St Mary's of the Germans
St Stephen's Church
St Stephen's Gate
Suq el - Qattanin
Tariq Bab en - Hadid
Tariq Bab en - Nazir
Tarq Bab es - Silsila
Temple Mount North Wall
The Cenacle
The Column
Tomb of Absalom
Tomb of David
Tomb of Queen Helena of Adiabene
Tomb of Simon the Just
Tomb of the Virgin
Tomb of Zachariah
Tombs in Silwan
Tombs of the Prophets
Tourist Attractions
Tower of David
Valley of Hinnom
Via Dolorosa
Warren's Shaft
Western Wall
Western Wall Plaza - Outside Gates
Western Wall Plaza - SW
Western Wall Tunnel
Zawiya Kubakiyya

Back to Categories

May 24    Scripture

Sites - Jerusalem: Cardo Maximus
The Jewish Quarter in Jerusalem

Cardo Maximus in Wikipedia The cardo (also cardo maximus) was a north-south oriented street in Roman cities, military camps, and coloniae. The cardo, an integral component of city planning, was lined with shops and vendors, and served as a hub of economic life. Cardo in Roman city planning Most Roman cities also had a Decumanus Maximus, an east-west street that served as a secondary main street. Due to varying geography, in some cities the decumanus is the main street and the cardo is secondary, but in general the cardo maximus served as the primary road. The Forum was normally located at the intersection of the Decumanus and the Cardo. The cardo was the "hinge" or axis of the city, derived from the same root as cardinal. Jerusalem - After the Jewish rebellion led by Simon Bar Kokhba was crushed by Hadrian 130s CE, Jerusalem was destroyed. Hadrian built a Roman colony in its place, naming it Colonia Aelia Capitolina, after himself.[1] Like many Roman colonies, Aelia Capitolina was laid out with a Hippodamian grid plan of narrower streets and wider avenues.[2] The main north-south thoroughfare, the Cardo Maximus, was originally a paved avenue approximately 22.5 meters wide (roughly the width of a six lane highway) which ran southward from the site of the Damascus gate, terminating at an unknown point. The southern addition to the Cardo, constructed under Justinian in the 6th century CE, extended the road further south to connect the Church of the Holy Sepulchre with the newly-built Zion Gate.[3] Along its length, the roadway was divided into three parts: two colonnaded covered walks flanking a 12 meter wide road.[4] The shaded porticoes provided separation of pedestrian traffic from wheeled carts, shelter from the elements, space for small-scale commerce, as well as opportunities for residents and visitors to gather and interact.[5] The central open pavement provided commercial access as well as ritual space. The Cardo’s most striking visual feature was its colonnade, clearly depicted on the Madaba Map. Simple bases supported monolithic shafts, spaced 5.77 meters apart.[6] The shafts supported Byzantine-style Corinthian capitals – intricately carved, but more stylized versions of their Classical counterparts. Although this combination of elements was uniform the preserved examples display some variation in the profile and size of the bases, and in the pattern of the capitals.[7] Despite aesthetic differences, the approximate height of the base, column, and capital units of the colonnade was five meters, a height which contributed to the spaciousness of the porticoes.[8] The wall of the Cardo’s eastern portico featured an arcade that housed various stalls and workshops leased by craftsmen and merchants.[9] The line of the Cardo Maximus is still visible on Jewish Quarter Street, though the original pavement lies several meters below the modern street level. In the 7th century, when Jerusalem fell under Muslim rule, the Cardo became an Arab-style marketplace. Remains of the Byzantine Cardo were found in the Jewish Quarter excavations beginning in 1969.[10] In 1971, a plan for preserving the ancient street was submitted by architects Peter Bogod, Esther Krendel and Shlomo Aronson.[11] Their proposal relied heavily on the sixth century Madaba map, a mosaic map of Jerusalem found in 1897 in Madaba, Jordan. The map clearly showed the Roman Cardo as the main artery through the Old City. The architects proposed a covered shopping arcade that would preserve the style of an ancient Roman street using contemporary materials. Their plan was based on the hope that archeologists would find remains of the southern end of the Cardo, an extension of the north-south Roman thoroughfare built during the Byzantine era (324 – 638). Time was of the essence and mounting pressure to repopulate the Jewish Quarter led to the construction of a superstructure which allowed the residential buildings to be built while the archaeologists continued to work below. The project was 180 meters in total and was divided into eight sections to allow for construction teams to move quickly from one section to another. By 1980, 37 housing units and 35 shops were built, incorporating archaeological finds such as a Hasmonean wall from the second century BCE and rows of Byzantine columns. The combination of old and new is also visible on the Street of the Jews, where the shops have been set into old vaults and the gallery is covered by an arched roof containing small apertures to allow for natural lighting. Beit She'an -- Petra -- The excavations at Petra in Jordan have unearthed the remains of an ancient Roman city on the site, with the main feature of the city being a colonnaded cardo. The original road survives. Apamea, Syria - The Cardo Maximus of Apamea, Syria ran through the center of the city directly from North to South, linked the principal gates of the city, and was originally surrounded by 1200 columns with unique spiral fluting, each subsequent column spiraling in the opposite direction. The thoroughfare was about 1.85 kilometers long and 37 meters wide, as it was used for wheeled transport. The great colonnade was erected in the 2nd century and it was still standing until the 12th. The earthquakes of 1157 and 1170 demolished the colonnade. The cardo was lined on both sides with civic and religious buildings.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardo_Maximus


If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2017 Bible History Online





More Bible History