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May 26    Scripture

Ancient Near East: Mathematics
Ancient Mesopotamia

Babylonian and Egyptian Mathematics
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Babylonian_and_Egyptian.html


Sumerian and Babylonian Numerals The Babylonian civilisation in Mesopotamia replaced the Sumerian civilisation and the Akkadian civilisation. We give a little historical background to these events in our article Babylonian mathematics. Certainly in terms of their number system the Babylonians inherited ideas from the Sumerians and from the Akkadians. From the number systems of these earlier peoples came the base of 60, that is the sexagesimal system. Yet neither the Sumerian nor the Akkadian system was a positional system and this advance by the Babylonians was undoubtedly their greatest achievement in terms of developing the number system. Some would argue that it was their biggest achievement in mathematics.
http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Babylonian_numerals.html


Sumerian metrological numeration systems
http://it.stlawu.edu/%7Edmelvill/mesomath/sumerian.html


The History of Mathematics: Babylonia
http://aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/mathhist/babylonia.html


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