Bible History Online Resource Pages


Sub Categories


1. Previous List
2. Babylonia
Ancient Texts
Archaeology & Sites
Art & Images
Coins
Collections
Greece
History
Inscriptions
Manners & Customs
Maps & Geography
Mathematics
Military History
Monuments
Mythology
Naval
People
Pictures and Photos
Places
Shipwrecks
Timelines & Charts
Turkey

Back to Categories

November 22    Scripture

Bible History Online Submission Page
Bible History OnlineBible History Online Search
Bible History Online Sitemap
About Bible History OnlineBible History Online Help




Ancient Near East: Art & Images


Hoplite Sword (Greece) The hoplite sword was essentially a slashing weapon and was generally worn slung from a baldric over the right shoulder so that it hung almost horizontally on the left. Alexander the Great is shown with a sword of this type in a period mosaic from Pompeii.
http://www.larp.com/hoplite/weapons.html

A Scene from the Gilgamesh Epic From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. A scene from the Gilgamesh Epic Tablet 11: The Flood Narrative ? century BC. Gilgamesh (cylinder seal impression).
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/gilgseal.html

Aerial Survey Flights PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Surveys.html

Alexander the Great Photo Gallery Photos: Istanbul Archaeological Museums: Alexander the Great Photo Gallery by Andrys Basten at pbase.com [Ancient Near East] [Images]
http://www.pbase.com/andrys/istanbul2

Ancient Lamps from the Levant Ancient Lamps Catalogue. Lamps from: Bronze & Iron Age Periods Greek Period Hellenistic Period Wheelmade Mouldmade Plastic Lamps Roman Period Volute Various Vogelkopflampe Factory Lamps Mediterranean Balkans Greece Asia Minor Cyprus Syro-Israel Egypt North Africa Late Roman & Byzantine Periods North Africa Mediterranean Syro-Israel Asia Minor Byzantine & Islamic Periods Metal Lamps Lamp Moulds Lamp Hook
http://www.romulus2.com/lamps/lampcat/lampcat.shtml

ANCIENT NEAR EAST IMAGES Lots of Ancient Images. J. Cohen
http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts1.html

Aramean Queen (?) with servant From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Aramean Queen(?)and servant; funerary stele; 8th century BCE (Berlin VA 2995) Pergamon Museum, Berlin. Note: Aramaean is in Latin Aramaeus, from Greek Aramaios, from Hebrew `ArAm Aramaic, ancient name for Syria, a Semitic people of the second millennium B.C. in Syria and Upper Mesopotamia.
http://kchanson.com/photos/queen.html

Ashurnasirpal II at War (Yale Photo) Ashurnasirpal II at War: Palace of Nimrud. c875 BC British Museum, London. Limestone Approximately 23" high. [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima035.swf

Assyrian Officers From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Assyrian Officers; 8th century BC; bas relief; Pergamon Museum, Berlin.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/assyrians5.html

Assyrian Soldiers Towing a Boat Iraq: Khorsabad, Palace, Throneroom Debris; Neo-Assyrian Period; Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C. Gypsum. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1930. "Archaeologists from the Oriental Institute discovered this relief fragment in the debris of the throne room of King Sargon II. The fragment shows naked Assyrian soldiers towing a boat through a shallow river, perhaps during one of Sargon's campaigns against Marduk-apla-iddina II, king of Babylon, whose name is inscribed in the text above the scene. According to the Biblical account, that same Babylonian king (referred to as Merodach Baladan) sent envoys with presents to Hezekiah, king of Judah, upon his recovery from illness (cf. II Kings 20; Isaiah 39)."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A11258.html

Assyrian Spearmen From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Assyrian Soldiers #1: Spearmen; bas relief; 8th century BC; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/photogal.html

Assyrian Warrior King Assyrian Cavalry (bas relief)7th century BC
http://www.bible-history.com/images/assywk9.jpg

Ba'al Ugaritic god of Storms & War Ba'al Ugaritic god of Storms & War From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Ba'al Ugaritic God of Storms & War (14th century BC) Louvre Museum, Paris
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/baal.html

Babylonian Cylinder Seal 1800 B.C. Cylinder Seal with Presentation to the Weathergod; Mesopotamia. Old Babylonian Period, ca. 2000 - 1600 B.C. Hematite.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/h/hematite_cylinder_seal.aspx

Banquet Plaque Iraq: Khafajah, Sin Temple IX; Early Dynastic II-III, ca. 2700-2600 B.C. Gypsum. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1933-4. "The top register of this plaque shows a seated man and woman celebrating an unidentified event or ritual by participating in a banquet. Two servants attend them while others bring a jar (probably filled with beer), an animal to be slaughtered, and other edibles carried in bundles on their heads. Musicians and dancers in the bottom register add to the festivities. Plaques such as this were part of a door-locking system for important buildings. The plaque was embedded in the doorjamb and a peg, inserted into the central perforation, was used to hold a hook or cord that secured the door and was covered with clay impressed by one or more seals.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A12417.html

Brocade Style Cylinder Seal Sumerian Limestone Brocade Style Cylinder Seal Early Dynastic Mesopotamia, Ca. 3100-2600 BC. Dark limestone carved with three horned quadrupeds and a rhomb. Ex Erlenmeyer Collection. (acquired between 1943 and 1955) 4.7 x 1.6 cm. Pierced for suspension. Ex Erlenmeyer Collection of Western Asiatic Antiquities.
http://www.howardnowes.com/gallery/detail.cfm?itemnum=8273

Bronze Band Iraq: Khorsabad, Shamash Temple; Neo-Assyrian Period; Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C. Bronze. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1931. "The fortress of Sargon II at Khorsabad included a complex of temples, one of which was devoted to the sun god Shamash. This bronze band encircled one of a pair of cedar poles-possibly supports for divine emblems-that once flanked the doorway to this temple. In the upper register, Sargon is shown grasping two massive bulls by the horns. This ancient motif, known as "the master of animals," was well established in Mesopotamian royal iconography and perhaps symbolized the dominance, vitality, and potency of the reigning monarch. To the left of the king and bulls is a large bird depicted in flight, to the right, facing the king and bulls, is an attendant wearing a kilt.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A12468.html

Bronze Statuettes Syria: Tell Judaidah; Early Bronze Age;(Amuq Phase G), ca. 3100-2900 B.C. Bronze with silver-rich alloy. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935-6. "Archaeologists found these three statuettes in a cache that contained three male and three female figurines. They are the earliest known metal castings of human figures in the round from Syria. The males wear broad belts and helmets covered with a silver alloy; they probably once held weapons in their upraised hands. The naked females' hair is held in place with a headband and bound in the back in an elaborate chignon. They cross their arms and grasp their breasts in their hands - a common ancient pose that probably connotes fertility. The statuettes were intended to be mounted in some fashion, for a tang projects below the feet of each one. The skill with which these unique pieces were modelled and the technical knowledge that was needed for their casting reveal surprisingly high standards of artistic and technical achievement in Syria at the beginning of the third millennium B.C.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A24198-9.html

Canaanite Lions From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Canaanite Lions; basalt stele; 14th century BC. Discovery: 1928 in Beth-Shean/Sythopolis (Tel el-Husn). Current Location: Israel Museum (Jerusalem) Hanson has a couple good verses from the Bible on the page. One reads: "Then Samson went down with his father and mother to Timnah, and he came to the vineyards of Timnah. And behold, a young lion roared against him; and the spirit of Yahweh came upon him powerfully, and he tore the lion apart as one tears a goat-kid. And he had nothing in his hand." (Judges 14:5-6)
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/lions.html

Cheekpiece from Horse Bit Cheekpiece from Horse Bit. Western Iran, Luristan ca. 8th - 7th centuries B.C. Bronze.
http://collectionsonline.lacma.org/mweb/about/images/M76_97_99.jpg

Clay Prism of King Sennacherib Iraq: Nineveh (?); Neo-Assyrian Period; Reign of Sennacherib, ca. 689 B.C. Baked clay. Purchased in Baghdad, 1919. "On the six inscribed sides of this clay prism, King Sennacherib recorded eight military campaigns undertaken against various peoples who refused to submit to Assyrian domination. In all instances, he claims to have been victorious. As part of the third campaign, he beseiged Jerusalem and imposed heavy tribute on Hezekiah, King of Judah-a story also related in the Bible, where Sennacherib is said to have been defeated by "the angel of the Lord," who slew 185,000 Assyrian soldiers (II Kings 18-19)."
http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/sennprism1.html

Clay Tablet and Envelope Iraq: Nuzi; Mitannian Period; Second half of the 15th century B.C. Baked clay. Oriental Museum. Gift of the Iraq Museum and the American Schools of Oriental Research, 1934. "Enclosed in its clay envelope, this tablet was stored in a private archive of more than 1,000 texts. The tablet records the outcome of a litigation between two men, both of whom claimed to own the same estate. The judges ruled in favor of the individual who provided written statements attesting to his ownership of the land from residents of nine neighboring towns. Two court officials rolled their cylinder seals across the front of the tablet after it was inscribed, guaranteeing that the information it contained was correct."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A11878.html

Colossal Bull Head Iran: Persepolis, Hundred-Column Hall; Achaemenid Period Reigns of Xerxes/Artaxerxes I, ca. 485-424 B.C. Dark gray limestone; restored. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1932. "Carved in the court style typical of the Achaemenid Empire, this highly polished stone head originally belonged to one of two guardian bulls flanking the portico of the hundred-columned Throne Hall at Persepolis. The heads of the bulls projected in the round and the bodies were carved in relief on the sidewalls of the porch; the ears and horns had been added separately. The use of pairs of guardian figures such as these to protect important buildings was a common architectural feature in the ancient Near East."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A24065.html

Contents of the Treasury and Other Discoveries PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Contents.html

Copper bowl with a procession of animals Period: Sumerian or Elamite, early 3rd Millennium B.C. Culture: Mesopotamian Category: Metalwork, Vessels Dimensions: Height: 9.2 cm, Diameter: 16.2 cm (max.) Price: POR Provenance: Ex-M. de Sancey Collection, Switzerland. Condition: Slightly crackled at the edge, the external surface has been cleaned and is in a remarkable state of preservation. The interior metal is covered with a thick, rough green patina.
http://www.phoenixancientart.ch/works_of_art/225

Court Official 359-338 B.C.; Iranian, Achaemenid Dynasty; Limestone.The palace of Darius the Great was restored by Artaxerxes III by the addition of a western staircase with relief representations of dignitaries from the twenty-six subject states of the empire bearing gifts to the "king of kings." Each foreign group is led by a Persian official holding a staff. This relief illustrates such a marshall wearing the Persian headdress and robe with a dagger thrust into the belt. His left hand once grasped that of the leader of the next delegation. In front of him a fragment of the garment of another envoy survives. This late relief, flatter and more linear than those of the reigns of Darius and Xerxes, nonetheless still conveys the power and refinement of the Achaemenid court. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Persepolis/CourtOfficial/CourtOfficial.htm

Court Servant with Covered Tray 5th century B.C.; Iranian, Achaemenid Dynasty; Limestone. This relief depicts a Persian court servant holding a covered tray on his shoulder. He wears the distinctive Persian garment of long sleeves and draped skirt, with a folded soft cap. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpureplastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Persepolis/CourtServant/CourtServant.htm

Court Servant with Covered Tray From The Detroit Institute of Arts: Court Servant with Covered Tray; 5th century B.C.; Iranian, Achaemenid Dynasty; Limestone; height 54.6 cm (21 1/2 in.); Gift of Lillian Henkel Haass; 31.340. "This relief depicts a Persian court servant holding a covered tray on his shoulder. He wears the distinctive Persian garment of long sleeves and draped skirt, with a folded soft cap." [The AMICA Library]
http://www.davidrumsey.com/amica/amico1252075-39722.html#record

Crater with Ibexes Iran: Chogha Mish; Middle Susiana 3; Late 5th millennium B.C. Baked clay. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1965-6. "The geographical term "Susiana," referring to the area ruled in the historical period by the city of Susa, is also applied to the prehistoric cultures of lowland southwestern Iran. Representational designs such as the stylized wild goats with long sweeping horns painted beneath the rim of this krater are characteristic for an advanced stage of the Susiana sequence."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A35278.html

Cuneiform Cylinder of Nabopolassar Cuneiform Cylinder of Nabopolassar Recording Repair of the City Wall of Babylon; Mesopotamia, Babylon. Neo-Babylonian Period, Reign of Nabopolassar, 625 - 605 B.C. Clay.
http://www.bible-history.com/babylonia/BabyloniaClay_Cylinder_of_Nabopolassar.htm

Cuneiform Tablets PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Tablets.html

Cup Supported by Heroes and Animals Iraq: Tell Agrab, Shara Temple; Jamdat Nasr/Early Dynastic I, ca. 3100-2750 B.C. Gypsum (?). Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935-6. This elaborate vessel was discovered in the Shara Temple where it was probably used to place offerings before the god. The decoration of its openwork support shows a hero, naked except for a double-strand belt, grasping the rumps of two lions in his hands. The curling tails of two additional lions are tucked under his arms, and all four felines menace a bearded bull at the opposite end of the stand. Series of figures such as these, engaged in static combats, are common in ancient Mesopotamian art. Their exact meaning is unknown.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A17948.html

Cylinder Seal Iraq; Akkadian Period; Reign of Naramsin or Sharkalishari, ca. 2254-2193 B.C. Black stone. Oriental Museum. Purchased in New York, 1947. "This cylinder seal was dedicated to a little-known goddess, Ninishkun, who is shown interceding on the owner's behalf with the great goddess Ishtar. Ishtar places her right foot upon a roaring lion, which she restrains with a leash. The scimitar in her left hand and the weapons sprouting from her winged shoulders indicate her war-like nature."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A27903.html

Cylinder Seal with Images of Dieties Cylinder Seal with Watergod, Birdman, and Deities Mesopotamia; Akkadian Period, 2300 - 2200 B.C. Serpentine. Ea: Ea and attendant deities. Ea (seated) and attendant deities, Sumerian cylinder seal, c. 2300 bc; in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-art/148316/5315/Ea-and-attendant-deities-Sumerian-cylinder-seal-2300-BC-in

Cylinder Seal with Winged Sun Disk White Calcite Cylinder Seal 3200-3000 BC Mesopotamia. Cylinder Seal with Winged Sun Disk and Lion Attacking Animals. Syria, Syro-Mittannian; 1500 - 1300 B.C. Calcite.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/w/white_calcite_seal.aspx

Diety Holding a Flowing Vase Iraq: Khorsabad, Nabu Temple; Neo-Assyrian Period; Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C. Gypsum (?). Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1932-33. "These two statues once flanked a doorway leading into the temple of Nabu, the god of writing and of knowledge. Each of these gods holds a small vessel from which flow four streams of. Figures of this type are common in the art of the ancient Near East; they probably represent fertility deities who are embodiments of the life-giving and life-sustaining forces within fresh water. The statues, when found, were in many pieces. These fragments were cleaned, soaked in a hardening solution, and then reassembled and restored by a member of the technical staff of the Oriental Institute.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A11808.html

Disc-Headed Pin Iran: Surkh Dum-i-Luri, Sanctuary, Level 2B; Early Iron Age III, ca. 750-700 B.C. Copper. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1938. "Large numbers of decorated disc-headed pins were found in the sanctuary at Surkh Dum-i-Luri. They may have been votive offerings to a fertility goddess. The pins were worn with the head hanging down and the shaft pointing up."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A25293.html

Dragon of Marduk 604-562 B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Babylonian Period; Ishtar Gate, Babylon; Molded, glazed bricks. The mythical Dragon of Marduk with scaly body, serpent`s head, viper`s horns, front feet of a feline, hind feet of a bird, and a scorpion`s tail, was sacred to the god Marduk, principal deity of Babylon. The striding dragon was a portion of the decoration of one of the gates of the city of Babylon. King Nebuchadnezzar, whose name appears in the Bible as the despoiler of Jerusalem (Kings II 24:10-16, 25:8-15), ornamented the monumental entrance gate dedicated to Ishtar, the goddess of love and war, and the processional street leading to it with scores of pacing glazed brick animals: on the gate were alternating tiers of Marduk`s dragons and bulls of the weather god Adad; along the street were the lions sacred to Ishtar. All of this brilliant decoration was designed to create a ceremonial entrance for the king in religious procession on the most important day of the New Year`s Festival.
http://original.britannica.com/eb/art-56608/Dragon-of-Marduk-Neo-Babylonian-glazed-and-moulded-brick-604

Duck Weights Iraq: Ishchali(?); Early second millennium B.C. Hematite. Oriental Museum. Purchased in Baghdad, 1930. "The Mesopotamians used sets of standard weights in conducting business and set stiff penalities for those who used false weights. The weights themselves were usually made of a very hard stone like hematite. A simple barrel shape was the most common form, but weights such as these in the form of a duck, with its neck and head resting along its back, were also prevalent."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A9684-5.html

Eagle-Headed Deity 883-59 B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Assyrian; Limestone. An eagle-headed, winged divinity stands facing a tree of life (the ends of the branches are just visible at the right edge). The figure was a small section of the wall decoration in the state apartments of the royal palace at Nimrud in northern Iraq, built by Assurnasirpal II, King of Assyria. The deity holds a bucket in one hand and in the other a spathe (leaflike sheath for the flowers) of the date palm. He is tending the tree, a symbol of vegetal life and fertility. He, and many more like him, originally brightly highlighted with black, white, red, and blue paint, formed the ornamentation around a room near the throne room thought to have served as a place of ritual bathing. The motif stresses the political and religious importance of nurturing both the kingship and the land for the prosperity of Assyria. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Mesopotamia/EagleHeaded/EagleHeaded.htm

Earring Late 5th to early 4th century B.C.; Iranian, Achaemenid Dynasty; Gold and faience. Many of the Persian courtiers and delegates on the reliefs of Persepolis are shown wearing elaborate earrings. This earring, probably from Susa (the southern administrative capital of the empire), is characteristic of jewelry of this period. When in motion, the beads tremble like a tiny chandelier and the gold surfaces brilliantly reflect the light. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.worldwidestore.com/29713c.htm

EIKON Image Database for Biblical Studies The EIKON Image Database for Biblical Studies is a faculty-library initiative at Yale Divinity School that provides digital resources for teaching and research in the field of Biblical studies.
http://research.yale.edu:8084/divdl/eikon/

Esarhaddon From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Esarhaddon; Assyrian Emperor; (ruled 681"“669 BC); stele; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king1.html

Esarhaddon and Vassals From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Esarhaddon; Assyrian Emperor; (ruled 681"“669 BC); with Tirhaka (Ethiopian King of Egypt); and Ba'alu (King of Tyre); dolerite stele; 3.22 meters high; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king2.html

Female Figurine from Ur Iraq: Tell Asmar, Trench D; Ur III/Isin-Larsa Period, ca. 2100-1800 B.C. Baked clay. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935-6. "Figurines like this one have been found in the excavated remains of Mesopotamian houses, temples, and other public buildings of the early second millennium B.C. They have no definite divine attributes and their exact function is not known. This female has characteristic broad, flat hips, a large and elaborately incised pubic triangle, and prominent breasts with applied disk-shaped nipples."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A17892.html

Foundation Figurine of King Ur-Nammu Iraq: Nippur, E-kur Court, S gate, SE tower; Third Dynasty of Ur; Reign of Ur-Nammu, ca. 2111-2095 B.C. Bronze. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1955-6. "King Ur-Nammu rebuilt and enlarged one of the most important temples in ancient Mesopotamia - the E-kur of Enlil, the chief god of the pantheon. This figurine, which was buried in a foundation box beneath one of the temple towers, represents the king at the start of the building project - carrying on his head a basket of clay from which would be made the critically important first brick. The foundation deposit also contained an inscribed stone tablet; beads of frit, stone and gold; chips of various stones; and four ancient date pits found perched atop the basket carried by the king."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A30553.html

Foundation Slab of Xerxes Iran: Persepolis, Garrison quarters; Achaemenid Period; Reign of Xerxes, ca. 485-465 B.C. Gray limestone. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935. "This stone tablet inscribed with Babylonian cuneiform characters lists the nations under Persian rule shortly after the uprisings that occurred when Xerxes came to the throne."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A24120.html

Four-Faced God and Goddess Iraq: Ishchali (?); Old Babylonian Period, 18th-17th century B.C. Bronze. Purchased in Baghdad, 1930. "Illicit diggers found these four-faced statuettes, which may represent a god of the four winds and a goddess of rainstorms. The god wears a low cap with a pair of horns meeting above each face. He carries a scimitar in his right hand and places his left foot upon the back of a crouching ram. The goddess's tall crown, again with a pair of horns above each face, has the shape of a temple facade or altar. She grasps in her hands a vase from which flow streams of water; a rippled water pattern covers her garment."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A7119-20.html

Frieze of Striding Lions Iran: Persepolis; Achaemenid Period; Reign of Darius I/Xerxes, ca. 522-465 B.C. Limestone. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1932-4. "An Achaemenid artisan carved this piece of stone to represent part of a cloth canopy that was decorated with woven or appliquéd figures of rosettes and striding lions. A pair of diamonds joined as a figure-eight can be seen in three places on the face of this stone. They are the marks of the sculptor or team of sculptors who carved this and numerous other Persepolis reliefs on which the same marks appear."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A24068.html

Funerary Stele The Detroit Institute of Arts: South Arabian Sculpture; Funerary Stele; 3rd century B.C.; South Arabian (Yemen); Alabaster. This commemorative stele is decorated with the head of a bull, symbol of the moon god `Anbay, chief of the state. It is inserted into a separate alabaster base inscribed in the South Arabian alphabetic script with "Taba`karib," the name of the deceased or dedicant and by "M`dm," his clan or tribe name.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/SouthwestArabia/FuneraryStele/FuneraryStele.htm

Gazelle Head Stamp Seal Iraq: Tell Agrab; Jamdat Nasr/Early Dynastic I, ca. 3100-2750 B.C. Gypsum (?). Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1935-6. "In central and southern Mesopotamia, both stamp and cylinder seals appeared together near the end of the third millennium B.C. Many stamp seals were carved in the form of an animal or an animal head, and the sealing surface was decorated with simple designs - often representing animals - comprised of drill-holes and incised lines. It is possible that many of the stamps were not actually used as seals but were worn primarily as amulets."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A17917.html

Gilgamesh Epic From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Gilgamesh Epic Tablet 11: The Flood Narrative ? century BC
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/gilgtab.html

Glazed Brick Representing a Birdman 7th century B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Assyrian Period; Glazed terracotta. The walls of Assyrian palaces and temples were sometimes adorned with glazed terracotta decoration. A tradition for using glazed brick as wall adornment began in the Ancient Near East during the 13 century B.C. in southern Iran. The Birdman, a magical creature, appeared first in the 3rd millennium B.C. as a mischievous being who was bound and brought before the gods. By the late Neo-Assyrian period, his role is less clear: here he seems beneficent, his arms raised to support, in all probability, a winged sun-disk, the symbol of divinity. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Mesopotamia/GlazedBrick/GlazedBrick.htm

Gudea of Lagash 2141-2122 B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Sumerian period. Of all the rulers of ancient Mesopotamia, Gudea, ensi (governor) of Lagash, emerges the most clearly across the millennia due to the survival of many of his religious texts and statues. He ruled his city-state in southeast Iraq for twenty years, bringing peace and prosperity at a time when the Guti, tribesmen from the northeastern mountains, occupied the land. His inscriptions describe vast building programs of temples for his gods. This statuette depicts the governor in worship before his gods wearing the persian-lamb fur cap of the ensi and a shawl-like fringed robe with tassles. The serene, heavily lidded eyes and calm pose create a powerful portrait of this pious ruler.
http://www.ratemyeverything.net/post/355/Gudea_of_Lagash.aspx

Gudea of Lagash (Yale Photo) Gudea of Lagash: c2150 BC Metropolitan Museum of Art, Diorite. [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima034.swf

Head of an Akkadian Ruler Nineveh, Iraq: Head of an Akkadian Ruler: c2300-2200 BC Iraq Museum, Baghdad; Bronze 14 3/8" high. [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima033.swf

Hero (Gilgamesh ?), Mastering a Lion Neo-Assyrian; Hero (Gilgamesh ?), mastering a lion, relief from facade of the throne room, Palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad (Dur-Sharrukin). ca. 713-706 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE033.html

HUMAN-HEADED WINGED BULL Iraq: Khorsabad, Palace, Court VIII; Neo-Assyrian Period; Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C. Gypsum (?) Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1929 "This colossal sculpture was one of a pair that guarded the entrance to the throne room of King Sargon II. A protective spirit known as a "lamassu", it is shown as a composite being with the head of a human, the body and ears of a bull, and the wings of a bird. When viewed from the side, the creature appears to be walking; when viewed from the front, to be standing still. Thus it is actually represented with five, rather than four, legs."
http://oi.uchicago.edu/gallery/pa_iraq_bull/index.php/n44009a_72dpi.png?action=big&size=resize&fromthumbnail=true

Human-Headed Winged Lion Mesopotamia, Neo-Assyrian, Nimrud, 883-859 B.C. Limestone. In the palace of Ashurnasirpal ll, pairs of human-headed lions and bulls decorated the gateways and supported the arches above them. This lion creature wears the horned cap of divinity and a belt signifying his superhuman power. The Neo-Assyrian sculptor gave these guardian figures five legs. Viewed from the front, the animal stands firmly in place; from the side he appears to stride forward. During the ninth century B.C. the great Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II built a new capital at Nimrud, where the palace was decorated with large stone slabs ornamented with low-relief carvings and with sculpted figures guarding the doorways. Gift of John D. Rockefeller Jr., 1932. Text and Images coutesy The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/04/wam/ho_32.143.2.htm

Images of the Median and Achæmenid Empire , Iran Architecture, stone carving and art of the Achæmenid Empire.[Achæmids and Medes]
http://www.hp.uab.edu/image%5Farchive/ugk/index.html

ISTAKHR, THE ISLAMIC CITY MOUND PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Istakhr.html

King Ashurnasirpal II Iraq: Nimrud, N.W. Palace, Room G. Neo-Assyrian Period Reign of Ashurnasirpal II, ca. 883-859 B.C. Gypsum (?). Exchange with the British Museum, 1974. "Room G in Ashurnasirpal II's palace may have served as the setting for a ritual by which weapons were purified. The walls of this chamber were adorned with exceptionally well-carved and minutely detailed reliefs showing the king standing between, alternately, two courtiers and two winged genies. This fragment shows the king himself, identifiable by his fez-shaped cap surmounted by a conical spike. Originally, this piece formed part of a scene. The king, grasping a bow, stood ready to pour a libation from a cup poised delicately on the tips of his fingers. Facing him was an attendant who carried a fly-whisk with which to banish insects from the royal presence.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/galleries/middle_east/room_7-8_assyria_nimrud.aspx

Large Lamassu Guardian Figure Neo-Assyrian; Lamassu guardian figure [in background L., relief of the Hero Gilgamesh(?)], from the Palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad (Dur-Sharrukin). ca. 713-706 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE032.html

Large Pair of Lamassau Figures Neo-Assyrian; Pair of Lamassau figures flanking a gateway (restored), from the Palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad (Dur-Sharrukin). ca. 713-706 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE031.html

Luristan Bronze Quiver Plaque Quiver Plaque. Western Iran, Luristan, 8th - 7th centuries B.C. Bronze. 8TH-6TH CENTURY B.C. The sheet bronze decorated with three rectangular compartments divided by moulded ribs, each bordered by rows of repouss"š bosses, similar bosses contained within the rectangles and between the dividing ribs, the narrow everted edges and each end pierced with multiple holes for attachment to the quiver, repaired with slight restoration 22 7/8 in. (58.1 cm.) long NOTES Cf. P. Calmeyer, Altiranische Bronzen der Sammlung Br"ckelschen, Berlin, 1964, p. 48, pl. 50, no. 104 for a similar example of a quiver with rectangular panels and rows of repouss"š bosses. This quiver was the original from which the replica on the Urartian archer waxwork model (lot 12) was made.
http://www.emory.edu/CARLOS/COLLECTION/NEAREAST/

Male and Female Figurines Syria: Tell Fakhariyah; ca. 1300-1000 B.C. Gypsum, painted, inlaid with bitumen and stone. Loan to the Oriental Institute. "A naked female and a partially clothed male are represented by this unique pair of red-coated stone figurines. Hair or headdresses made of a separate material were probably once attached to the pegs atop their heads. The male, who stands with his hands at his sides, wears a loincloth tied at the back. The female grasps her breasts with her hands-a common ancient pose that probably connotes fertility. She appears to be naked except for some type of foot-gear applied to her stump-like feet."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_LI_364.html

Male and Female Sphinx Syria: Tell Ta'yinat, Building 1, floor 2; Iron Age (Amuq Phase O), ca. 800 B.C. Basalt inlaid with white and green stone. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1936. "Sphinxes-imaginary creatures composed of a lion's body and a human head-are a motif that originated in Egypt and became common in the art of Western Asia beginning in the latter part of the second millennium B.C. This recumbent sphinx of local Syrian manufacture has an unusually vivacious character due to the position of the head, which is turned sideways with the chin slightly raised, not at the stiff right angle often found in ancient Near Eastern sculpture."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A27853.html

Male Head Male Head; Northern Arabia, al-`Ula (ancient Dedan), Lihyanite; 4th - 3rd centuries B.C. Sandstone.
http://www.dainst.org/medien/de/tayma-29k.jpg

Master-of-Animals Standard Finial Master-of-Animals Standard Finial Western Iran, Luristan 8th - 7th centuries B.C. Bronze. An important industry in bronze and copper artifacts flourished in the region of Luristan, western Iran, between about 1400 and 600 B.C.E. This object is one of the most typical Luristan bronzes: a finial, or ornamental pole top, which was originally mounted on a bottle-shaped support (see S1995.111). The finials were often fashioned in the form of a demon flanked by panthers (or other leonine creatures). As in this example, the flanking leonine creatures often terminate in predatory heads with a cock's head projecting from the neck.
http://explorasia.org/collections/singleObject.cfm?ObjectId=22627

Mesha Stele Photo Moabite Stone
Language: Moabite (a West Semitic Language)
Medium: basalt stone stele
Size: 1.15 meters high, 60-68 centimeters wide
Length: 35 lines of writing
Honoree: Mesha, king of Moab
(late 9th century BCE)
Approximate Date: 830 BCE
Place of Discovery: Dhiban [in modern Jordan]
Date of Discovery: 1868
Current Location: Louvre Museum (Paris, France)
Inventory number: AO 5066
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/artifacts/moabite_stone.swf

Miscellaneous Finds PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Seals.html

Miscellaneous Finds PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Misc_Finds.html

Miscellaneous Structures at Persepolis PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Misc_Structures.html

Neo-Assyrian King Neo-Assyrian; Hunting scene with the king pouring libation over slain wild bull, attended by the Crown Prince(?) and servants carrying sun shade and fly whisk, detail of relief from NW. Palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud (Kalakh). ca 883-859 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE025.html

Neo-Assyrian King Closer Neo-Assyrian; Hunting scene with the king pouring libation over slain wild bull, attended by the Crown Prince(?) and servants carrying sun shade and fly whisk, detail of relief from NW. Palace of Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud (Kalakh). ca 883-859 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE026.html

Painted Bowl Iran: Tall-i-Bakun A, Level III; Bakun A Period; Early 4th millennium B.C. Baked clay. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1932-4. "Many of the pottery vessels from the site of Tall-i-Bakun in the plain of Persepolis show a highly sophisticated use of negative designs in conjunction with more usual painted patterns. On this bowl, two patterns alternate in rhythmic sequence. One is a painted design of anthropomorphic inspiration with a "head" flanked by upraised "arms" facing both the rim and base of the bowl. The other pattern, which is given in negative by the buff surface of the vessel, consists of a cross and two lozenges."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A20136.html

Pair of Bull Statuettes Turkey (Central Anatolia); Early Bronze Age; 2300-2000 B.C. Bronze with copper-arsenic. Oriental Institute. These two bulls probably once adorned the top of a royal or divine standard.
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A30797-8.html

Palace Complex: Structures, Reliefs, and Inscriptions PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Complex.html

Palace of Darius PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html

Palace relief of Tiglathpileser III, king of Assyria 2 Assyrian Bureaucrats 8th C BC palace relief from the British Museum showing scribes entering the spoils of war. [Near East] [Art] [Archaeology] [Architecture]
http://www.ifar.org/nimrud.htm

Pazuzu Demon Iraq; ca. 800-600 B.C. Bronze. Oriental Museum. Purchased in New York, 1943. "The demon Pazuzu represented by this figurine stands like a human but has a scorpion's body, feathered wings and legs, talons, and a lion-like face on both front and back. Pazuzu, the "king of the evil wind demons," was not entirely unfriendly to mankind. As an enemy of the dreaded Lamashtu demon, bearer of sickness especially to women and children, Pazuzu is often portrayed on amulets used as protection in childbirth. The ring at the top of this figurine suggests that it was such an amulet."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A25413.html

PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN Palace of Darius, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html

Persepolis and Ancient Iran Catalog of Expedition Photographs Oriental Institute, Chicago, IL
http://oi.uchicago.edu/museum/collections/pa/persepolis/

Persian Snarling Lion Roundel Iran: Ecbatana (?); Achaemenid Period; Reign of Artaxerxes II, ca. 404-359 B.C. Gold. Purchased in New York, 1948. "This snarling winged lion worked in gold repoussé attests to the exceptional skill of Achaemenid goldsmiths. The back of the horned feline's body and the slender twisted cord that surrounds it bear sixteen tiny loops for attachment to a garment or textile. Greek writers often speak of the tremendous wealth of the Persians, and Herodotus writes that King Xerxes' troops "were adorned with the greatest magnificence...they glittered all over with gold, vast quantitites of which they wore about their persons" (vii.83)."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A28582.html

Persian Spearman 5th century B.C.; Iranian, Achaemenid Dynasty; Limestone. This fragment from a stair balustrade depicts a file of Persian spearmen wearing the characteristic fluted felt or feathered headdress. Only the head of one warrior survives with a portion of his spear and that of the soldier behind him. Although unfinished (the beard`s curls are not defined), the smooth contours of the suave profile and the richly curled hair demonstrate the elegance of Achaemenid court art. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/scultpureplastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Persepolis/Spearman/Spearman.htm

Pitcher with Built-In Strainer Turkey: Alishar Huyuk, Stratum II; Assyrian Colony Period, ca. 1900-1750 B.C. Baked clay, slipped and burnished. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1929
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_10434.html

Plaque Showing a Harpist Iraq: Ishchali (?); Isin-Larsa / Old Babylonian Period, ca. 2000-1600 B.C. Baked clay. Oriental Museum. Purchased in Baghdad, 1930. "Harps are known from the earliest period of written history, but the fringed robe and close-fitting cap of this harpist are typical for the early second millennium B.C. in Mesopotamia. Clay plaques from this period depict musicians playing a variety of stringed, percussion, and wind instruments. The casting of plaques was a simple and inexpensive way to produce relief images, since numerous plaques could be made from a single mold."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A9345.html

Plaque with Male Head The Detroit Institute of Arts: South Arabian Sculpture; Plaque with Male Head (100-1 BCE). 1st century B.C.; South Arabian (Yemen); Alabaster; The eyes and brows of this head were originally inlaid in a darker stone and the "dimple" on the chin with bronze, indicating perhaps a tattoo which was probably meant as a mark of nobility or power. The South Arabian taste for abstract forms is reflected in the treatment of the smooth beard and geometric hairstyle, combined here with a more naturalistic rendering of the face derived from a Greco-Roman style of sculpture.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/SouthwestArabia/PlaqueMaleHead/PlaqueMaleHead.htm

Portrait Head of a Ruler Iran (Elamite) Portrait Head of a Ruler: ca. 2100-2000 B.C. From AICT: Art Images for College Teaching.
http://www.arthist.umn.edu/aict/html/ancient/NE/NE010.html

Quiver Plaque Luristan Bronze Quiver Plaque. Western Iran, Luristan, 8th - 7th centuries B.C. Bronze. 8TH-6TH CENTURY B.C. The sheet bronze decorated with three rectangular compartments divided by moulded ribs, each bordered by rows of repouss"š bosses, similar bosses contained within the rectangles and between the dividing ribs, the narrow everted edges and each end pierced with multiple holes for attachment to the quiver, repaired with slight restoration 22 7/8 in. (58.1 cm.) long NOTES Cf. P. Calmeyer, Altiranische Bronzen der Sammlung Br"ckelschen, Berlin, 1964, p. 48, pl. 50, no. 104 for a similar example of a quiver with rectangular panels and rows of repouss"š bosses. This quiver was the original from which the replica on the Urartian archer waxwork model (lot 12) was made.
http://www.invaluable.com/auction-lot/a-luristan-bronze-quiver-plaque-1-c-q28tf6w2zz

Restored Ishtar Gate (Yale Photo) Restored Ishtar Gate: Babylon c575 BC; Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Glazed brick. [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima038.swf

Royal Harp From Ur Royal Harp: from the Tomb of Queen Puabi, Ur; c2685 BC The University Museum, Philadelphia. Wood with inlaid lapis lazuli and shell; 17" high [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima030.swf

Sculpture PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Sculpture.html

Seals and Seal Impressions PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Seals.html

Sennacherib's Throne Room Plan Illustrations Plan of Sennacherib's throne-room suite at Nineveh's Southwest Palace allows access to photographs of intact reliefs and looted fragments from these rooms. John M. Russell, "Stolen Stones" from Archaeological Institute of America
http://www.archaeology.org/online/features/nineveh/illustrations.html

Shamshi-Adad V From K. C. Hanson's Photo Gallery of Mesopotamia. Shamshi-Adad V; Assyrian Emperor; (reigned 823"”811 BC); limestone stele; Pergamon Museum, Berlin
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/king3.html

Standard of Ur (War Side) Sumerian Period: Standard of Ur (War Side): (Wood panel inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli and red limestone). Site: Royal Cemetery at Ur. Country: Mesopotamia. Period Date: c.2700-2300 BCE; Object Date c. 2700 BCE. [Image from Yale University]
http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/tombs/explore/pg779_w.html

Stele with Law Code of Hammurabi Babylon, Old (Babylon I): Stele with Law Code of Hammurabi: Medium Sculpture (carved basalt) Mesopotamia; Period: 2025-1594 BCE Object Date: c. 1780 BCE.
http://www.allaboutarchaeology.org/hammurabi-code-of-law-faq.htm

Stone relief from doorway of Cyrus' palace at Pasargadæ . A winged figure, probably a protective spirit of the royal household. The crown resembles a Near Eastern figure that wards off evil spirits. [Achæmids and Medes] [images] [Achæmenid stone carving]
http://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/ugk/relief05.jpg

Striding Lion Iraq: Babylon, Processional Avenue north of the Ishtar Gate Neo-Babylonian Period; Reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, ca. 604-562 B.C. Molded brick with polychrome glaze; Purchased in Berlin, 1931. "This colorful striding lion, its mouth opened in a threatening roar, once decorated a side of the 'Processional Way' in ancient Babylon (the Biblical city of Babel). The 'Processional Way' led out of the city through a massive gate named for the Mesopotamian goddess of love and war, Ishtar, whose symbol was the lion. Each year, during the celebration of the great New Year Festival, the images of the city's deities were carried out through the Ishtar Gate and along the 'Processional Way' past some 120 lions such as this one to a special festival house north of the city."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A7481.html

Sumerian Statuette Iraq: Tell Asmar, Square Temple I, Shrine II; Early Dynastic I-II, ca. 2900-2600 B.C. Gypsum (?) inlaid with shell and black limestone(?). Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1933-4. "During the Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia, statuettes were placed in sanctuaries as votive offerings and were later buried when the temple was remodelled or rebuilt. This representation of a Sumerian standing reverently before his god is one of a group of sculptures found buried in a pit next to the altar of the Abu Temple at Tell Asmar. It is thought to depict a priest because it lacks the full beard and long hair of other male statues of its type."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A12332.html

Syro Hittite Idol Syro-Hittite; 2000 - 1700 B.C. Clay
Elam, Susiana, Elamite 2000 B.C. Clay
Summam
http://www.summum.us/top/gallery/main.php?g2_view=core.ShowItem&g2_itemId=2106&g2_GALLERYSID=0f06bbc88ce8c2c81589d2d3683b86fe

The Apadana PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Apadana.html

The Battle of Issus or Battle of Alexander and the Persians Details of mosaic from Naples, Italy. They depict a battle between Alexander the Great and Darius III, king of Persia. Photo gallery of 12 pictures for "Mosaic of the Battle of Issus" [Ancient Egypt] [Images]
http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/1098_Mosaic_of_the_Battle_of_Issus.html

The Council Hall PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Council_Hall.html

The Gate of Xerxes PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Gate_Xerxes.html

The Hammurabi Stele THE HAMMURABI STELE. Partially Retold in English, by Stan Rummel, Director of The Humanities Program, Texas Wesleyan University, Fort Worth, Texas. "In the following selections, I have frequently changed the grammar and sequence of words from that of the original text, and I have omitted sections of material, so that what is given will read comprehensibly in English. I have grouped regulations by topical categories for discussion, rather than simply following their numerical sequence." Also includes an image: Detail of the top of the Hammurabi Stele, picturing King Hammurabi coming before the god Shamash.
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/hammurabi.html

The Harem of Xerxes PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Harem_Xerxes.html

The Ka'bah-i-Zardusht PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Kabah.html

The Palace of Xerxes PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Xerxes.html

The Prehistoric Mound Of Tall-i-Bakun PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://oi.uchicago.edu/gallery/pa_iran_paai_bak/index.php/8G11_72dpi.png?action=big&size=resize&fromthumbnail=true

The Royal Tombs and Other Monuments PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Tombs.html

The Sasanian Rock Reliefs: Naqsh-i-Rustam and Naqsh-i-Rajab PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Rock_Reliefs.html

The Throne Hall PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://oi.uchicago.edu/museum/collections/pa/persepolis/throne_hall.html

The Throne Hall PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Palace_Darius.html
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Throne_Hall.html

The Treasury PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Treasury.html

Tiglath-Pileser III Receiving Homage 745-27 B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Assyrian period; Limestone. Tiglath-Pileser, a powerful king of Assyria, built a royal palace at Nimrud in northern Iraq. Its principal rooms and courtyards were decorated with large relief sculptures designed to awe visitors to his court. The king`s power and majesty were expressed in scenes of war, the hunt, and solemn court ceremonies. In this relief Tiglath-Pileser, wearing a tall headdress and holding a bow, is receiving three courtiers; a helmeted warrior prostrates himself at the king`s feet. Behind the royal figure stands a servant with a fly whisk. Horizontal lines of a cuneiform inscription describing a military campaign run just above the heads of the figures. Tiglath-Pileser`s campaigns into Syria and Israel are documented in the Bible (II Kings 15:19, 29; 16:7). Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Mesopotamia/TiglathPileser/TiglathPileser.htm

Trefoil Juglet A very large Phoenician trefoil jug, Eastern Mediterranean. Late 6th - 5th centuries B.C. Glass, core-formed.
http://www.collector-antiquities.com/18/?vitem=1416&pcat=76

Two Assyrian Court Officials Iraq: Khorsabad, Palace, Court VIII; Neo-Assyrian Period Reign of Sargon II, 721-705 B.C. Gypsum. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1928. "This relief comes from a wall just outside the throne room of Sargon II's palace. Two court officials - who are beardless and, therefore, possibly identifiable as eunuchs - are shown marching toward the king. The ankle-length robes of the attendants are ornamented with squares and trimmed with fringe and beads along the lower edges. A diagonal band of red crosses the chest. Each courtier wears wire bracelets, earrings, and sandals which are held in position with toe- thongs and straps. This relief stands about eleven feet high and weighs approximately two and a half tons."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A7366.html

Ubaid terracotta figurine from Ur , c. 4500 B.C., of a woman suckling a child. Painted jewelery, body paint or tattoos. Slim figure (in contrast to the North), elongated head and protruding eyes characterize the Ubaid figure style. [images] [Al-`Ubaid] (6-4th millenium, South Mesopotamia)
http://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/ue/figurine03.jpg

Ugaritic Clay Tablet From K. C. Hanson's Gallery of Photos of Syria & Israel. Ugaritic clay tablet From Sapanu. Banco de Datos Filolsgicos Semmticos Noroccidentales (CSIC-Instituto de Filologma, Madrid) note: The Semitic language of ancient Ugarit closely related to Phoenician and Hebrew
http://www.kchanson.com/PHOTOS/ugtab.html

Unguentaria (Perfume Bottles) Unguentaria (Perfume Bottles) 1st-4th Centuries AD.
http://www.ancienttouch.com/roman_unguentaria.htm

Vase 8th-7th century B.C.; Mesopotamian, Neo-Assyrian period; Glazed earthenware. The use of colorful glazes extended to the ornamentation of ceramic vessels. Perhaps the most characteristic shape was an ovoid vase with high rimmed neck and pointed, rounded base, its shoulder defined by a row of pendant petals. Text and images courtesy The Detroit Institute of Arts.
http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Arts/scultpurePlastic/SculptureHistory/MesopotamiaArt/Mesopotamia/Vase/Vase.htm

Victorious Assyrian Soldiers Syria: Tell Ta'yinat, Building VII; Iron Age (Amuq Phase O), ca. 750-725 B.C. Limestone. Excavated by the Oriental Institute, 1936. "After they had conquered Tell Ta'yinat, the Assyrians carved these reliefs and used them to decorate a palace or public structure. The scene shows victorious Assyrian soldiers carrying the cut-off heads of their defeated enemies to a location where the number of those slain would be counted. Beneath the soldiers' feet lie the decapitated bodies. Each soldier wears a helmet, carries a bow and quiver over his shoulder, and holds three arrows in his right hand."
https://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/HIGH/OIM_A27854-6.html

View of East Stairway of the Apadana, looking northwest PERSEPOLIS AND ANCIENT IRAN, Multiple images (with high resolution photos)

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu
http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/PAAI/PAAI_Cover_72dpi.html

Whetstone Handle in the Form of a Leaping Ibex Whetstone with bronze handle 1000-700 BC Luristan Culture. Whetstone Handle in the Form of a Leaping Ibex. Western Iran, Luristan; 10th - 8th centuries B.C. Bronze, modern whetstone.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/w/whetstone_with_bronze_handle.aspx

Whetstone with bronze handle Luristan culture, about 1000-700 BC This is a whetstone, used to sharpen weapons and tools of bronze and iron. It dates to the early first millennium BC. Although by this time the use of iron had become widespread, bronze remained one of the most commonly used metals. Normally they were very simple tools: just a stone perforated at the top and fitted with a metal ring, for suspension from a belt. This example, however, comes from Luristan in western Iran where, as nowhere else in the Near East, whetstones had richly decorated bronze handles. The combination of animals in the decoration is known earlier in Elam in south west Iran and this may have been a source of inspiration for the Luristan metal workers.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/me/w/whetstone_with_bronze_handle.aspx

Ziggurat at Ur (Yale Photo) Ziggurat at Ur: (Ziggurat of King Urnammo) c2500-2100 BC [Image from Yale University]
http://www.bible-history.com/acp/images/yale/yale-ima037.swf



If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2014 Bible History Online