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Gethsemane in Wikipedia
Gethsemane (Greek ΓεΘσημανἰ, Gethsēmani Hebrew:גת שמנים, Aramaic:גת שמני, Gath-Šmânê, Assyrian ܓܕܣܡܢ, Gat
Šmānê, lit. "oil press") is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem most famous as the
place where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before Jesus' crucifixion.
Gethsemane appears in the Greek of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark as Γεθσημανἱ
(Gethsēmani). The name is derived from the Assyrian ܓܕܣܡܢ (Gaṯ-Šmānê), meaning "oil press". Matthew
(26:36)and Mark (14:32) call it χωρἰον (18:1), a place or estate. The Gospel of John says Jesus entered a
garden (κῆπος) with his disciples.
While tradition locates Gethsemane on the lower slopes of the Mount of Olives, the exact spot remains
unknown. According to the New Testament it was a place that Jesus and his disciples customarily visited,
which allowed Judas to find him on the night of his arrest. Overlooking the garden is the Church of All
Nations, also known as the Church of the Agony, built on the site of a church destroyed by the Sassanids
in 614, and a Crusader church destroyed in 1219. Nearby is the Russian Orthodox Church of St. Mary
Magdalene with its golden, onion-shaped domes (Byzantine/Russian style), built by Russian Tsar Alexander
III in memory of his mother.
According to Luke 22:43–44 , Jesus' anguish in Gethsemane was so deep that "his sweat was as it were great
drops of blood falling down to the ground." According to the Eastern Orthodox Church tradition, Gethsemane
is the garden where the Virgin Mary was buried and was assumed into heaven after her dormition on Mount
Zion. The Garden of Gethsemane became a focal site for early Christian pilgrims. It was visited in 333 by
the anonymous "Pilgrim of Bordeaux", whose Itinerarium Burdigalense is the earliest description left by a
Christian traveler in the Holy Land. In his Onomasticon, Eusebius of Caesarea notes the site of Gethsemane
located "at the foot of the Mount of Olives", and he adds that "the faithful were accustomed to go there
to pray". Ancient olive trees growing in the garden are said to be 900 years old.
The Garden of Gethsemane
Visitors to of the Garden of Gethsemane are amazed when they
learn that the gnarled olive trees they see could have been
young saplings when Jesus came here with the disciples on
that fateful night after the Last Supper (Matt. 26:36; Mark
14:32; John 18:1). Today the ancient trees rise from
manicured flower beds; in Jesus’ time this would have been
an olive grove where an olive-oil press – gethsemane in
Greek – was located.
The impressive Church of All Nations, built in the 1920s
over earlier churches, relates the events of this place in
brilliantly detailed floor-to ceiling mosaics: Jesus praying
alone (Mark 14:35-36); Judas’ betrayal of Jesus (Matt.
26:48); the cutting off of the ear of the High Priest’s
servant (Mark 14:47). (Israel Minister of Tourism)
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