Sites - Israel: En Gedi
Ein Gedi is an oasis in the desert and a green Garden of
Eden in the wilderness. It is situated on the shore of
the Dead Sea – the lowest place on Earth - at the feet of
majestic mountains and cliffs.
One of the most exciting places in Israel, Ein Gedi
combines a wild, natural setting with a primeval
panorama, history and archaeology, tourist attractions,
and spas. Its unique climate and atmosphere make it a
place for a unique desert adventure.
Ein Gedi contains the historical and archaeological
remains of its first inhabitants, who discovered the
magic of the place more than 5,000 years ago it has also
served as a landmark in the history of the Jewish people
throughout history. David took refuge in Ein Gedi when he
was pursued by King Saul, and rebels fled there from
Jerusalem. Valuable persimmon oil and rare perfumes were
produced there, and temples and synagogues were
established here to strengthen the Jewish stronghold in
the area. (Israel Minister of Tourism)
En Gedi in Wikipedia
Ein Gedi (Hebrew: עֵין גֶּדִי is an oasis in Israel, located
west of the Dead Sea, near Masada and the caves of Qumran.
The name En-gedi is composed of two Hebrew words: ein means
spring and gdi means goat-kid. En Gedi thus means "Kid
Shulamit Fall at Nahal David
In the 2 Chronicles 20:2 it is identified with Hazazon-
tamar, where the Moabites and Ammonites gathered in order to
fight Josaphat. In Genesis 14:7 Hazazon-tamar is mentioned
as being a Amorite city, smitten by Chedorlaomer in his war
against the cities of the plain, .
In Joshua 15:62 , Ein Gedi is enumerated among the cities of
the Tribe of Judah in the desert Betharaba, but Ezekiel
47:10 shows that it was also a fisherman's town. Later,
King David hides in the desert of En Gedi (1 Samuel 24:1-2 )
and King Saul seeks him "even upon the most craggy rocks,
which are accessible only to wild goats" (1 Samuel 24:3 ).
The Song of Songs (Song_of_Songs 1:14 ) speaks of the
"vineyards of En Gedi"; the words, "I was exalted like a
palm tree in Cades" (’en aígialoîs), which occur in
Ecclesiasticus 24:18, may perhaps be understood of the palm
trees of Ein Gedi.
The indigenous Jewish town of Ein Gedi was an important
source of balsam for the Greco-Roman world until its
destruction by Byzantine emperor Justinian as part of his
persecution of the Jews in his realm. A synagogue mosaic
remains from Ein Gedi's heyday, including a Judeo-Aramaic
inscription warning inhabitants against "revealing the
town's secret" – possibly the methods for extraction and
preparation of the much-prized balsam resin, though not
stated outright in the inscription – to the outside world...
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