People - Ancient Greece: Heliodorus
He was an Ancient Greek poet.
Heliodōrus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A Greek poet, from whom sixteen hexameters are cited by Stobaeus (Serm. 98), containing a description of that part of Campania situated between the Lucrine Lake and Puteoli, and where Cicero had a country residence. Some suppose him to have been the same with the rhetorician Heliodorus mentioned by Horace ( Sat. i. 5.2), as one of the companions of his journey to Brundisium.
An Athenian physician, of whom Galen makes mention, and who also wrote a didactic poem, under the title of Ἀπολυτικά, “Justification,” of which Galen cites seven hexameters.
A native of Larissa, who left a treatise on optics, under the title of Κεφάλαια τῶν Ὀπτικῶν, which is scarcely anything more than an abridgment of the optical work ascribed to Euclid. He cites the optics of Ptolemy. The time when he flourished is uncertain; from the manner, however, in which he speaks of Tiberius, it is probable that he lived a long time after that emperor. Oribasius has preserved for us a fragment of another work of Heliodorus, which treats of the κοχλίας, a machine furnished with a screw for drawing water.
A Greek romance-writer, who was born at Emesa in Phœnicia, and flourished under the emperors Theodosius and Arcadius at the close of the fourth century. He was raised to the dignity of a bishop of Tricca in Thessaly. Heliodorus is best known as the author of a Greek romance, entitled Αἰθιοπικά, being the history of Theagenes and Chariclea, the latter a daughter of a king of Aethiopia. It is in ten books. This work was unknown in the West until a soldier of Anspach, under the Margrave Casimir of Brandenburg, assisting at the pillage of the library of Matthias Corvinus, at Buda, in 1526, being attracted by the rich binding of a manuscript, carried it off. He sold the prize afterwards to Vincent Obsopaeus, who published it at Basle in 1534. This was the celebrated romance of Heliodorus. Poetry, battles, piracies, and recognitions fill up the piece; there is no picture of the mind, no attempt at character-drawing carried on with the development of the action. The incidents point to no particular era of society, although one may perceive, from the tone of sentiment throughout, that the struggle had commenced between the spirit of Christianity and the grossness of pagan idolatry. Egypt is neither ancient Egypt, nor the Egypt of the Ptolemies, nor the Egypt of the Romans. Athens is neither Athens free nor Athens conquered—in short, there is no individuality either in the places or persons; and the vague pictures of the French romances of the seventeenth century give scarcely a caricatured idea of the model from which they were drawn. Various editions have been published of the romance of Heliodorus. The best are those of Bekker (1855) and Hirschig, in his Erotici Scriptores (1856). There is an English translation by Smith (London, 1856). See, also, Dunlop, History of Fiction, pp. 18-24 (3d ed. 1845), where an analysis of the novel is given; Chauvin, Les Romanciers Grecs et Latins, ch. viii. (1862); Rohde, Der griechische Roman (1876); and the article Novels and Romances.
Heliodorus in Wikipedia
Heliodorus is a Greek name meaning "Gift of the Sun".
Several persons named Heliodorus are known to us from ancient times, the best known of which are:
* Heliodorus a minister of Seleucus IV Philopator ca. 175 BC
* Heliodorus, a Greek ambassador who erected famous votive Heliodorus pillar near Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, India
* Heliodorus a metrist in the 1st century who did work on the comedies of Aristophanes
* Heliodorus a surgeon, probably from Egypt, and mentioned in the Satires of Juvenal
* Heliodorus of Athens ancient author who wrote fifteen books on the Acropolis of Athens, possibly about 150 BC
* Gaius Avidius Heliodorus, 2nd century secretarius ab epistolis and Prefect of Egypt
* Heliodorus of Emesa, 3rd century author of the novel Aethiopica.
* Heliodorus of Altino, 4th century Christian saint
* Heliodorus of Alexandria 5th century Neoplatonist philosopher, and brother of Ammonius Hermiae
* Heliodorus, a 6th century philosopher, author of a work entitled Commentary
* Heliodorus of Catania, 8th century necromancer and witchdoctor from Catania
* Heliodorus (fly) is a genus in the Tachinidae
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