People - Ancient Greece: Cresilas
Ancient Greek sculptor from Kydonia, who flourished
during 5th century BC.
Kresilas in Wikipedia
Kresilas (Κρησίλας) was a Greek sculptor from Kydonia. He lived in the 5th century BC. He worked in Athens at the time of the Peloponnesian war, as a follower of the idealistic portraiture of Myron.
In Athens he created, for example, a bronze statue of Pericles (440–430 BC) with the Corinthian helmet upon the head as a sign of his position as strategos. Its base was found in the Athenian Acropolis; it was doubtless the bronze that Pausanius saw there (I.25.1, I.28.2). It seems the series of Pericles portrait busts derive from it, of which there are examples at the Vatican Museums, British Museum (found at Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli, and owned by Charles Townley) and Altes Museum.
Kresilas also created the wounded men and a dying Amazon for Ephesus in concurrence (in a competition with Pheidias and Polyclitus), possibly the model for many copies, one of which is the wounded Amazon of Kresilas (volnerata; Pliny, Nat. Hist. xxxiv. 75) is in the Vatican Museum
Athena of Velletri
He has also been identified as the originator of the Velletri type of Athena statue.
The Dinner Party
Kresilas, though actually a man, was accidentally included in Judy Chicago's work The Dinner Party.
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