People - Ancient Greece: Cephisodotus
Ancient Athenian general and orator from 4th century
Cephisodŏtus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
（Κηφισόδοτος). A statuary of Athens, who flourished about B.C. 372. Two works of his are spoken of by the ancients—a Hermes nourishing Dionysus when an infant, and one of a public speaker in the act of delivering an oration.
There was another sculptor of the same name, usually called “the Younger,” the son of Praxiteles, who flourished at Athens in B.C. 300.
Cephisodotus in Wikipedia
Cephisodotus (Greek: Κηφισόδοτος; lived 4th century BC) was an Athenian general and orator, who was sent with Callias, Autocles, and others in 371 BC to negotiate peace with Sparta. Again, in 369 BC, when the Spartan ambassadors had come to Athens to settle the terms of the desired alliance between the states, and the Athenian council had proposed that the land-forces of the confederacy should be under the command of Sparta, and the navy under that of Athens, Cephisodotus persuaded the assembly to reject the proposal, on the ground that, while Athenian citizens would have to serve under Spartan generals, few but Helots (who principally manned the ships) would be subject to Athenian control. Another arrangement was then adopted, by which the command of the entire force was to be held by each state alternately for five days. It seems to have been about 359 BC that he was sent out with a squadron to the Hellespont, where the Athenians hoped that the Euboean adventurer, Charidemus, the friend of Cephisodotus, would, according to his promise made through the latter, co-operate with him in re-annexing the Thracian Chersonese to their dominion. But Charidemus turned his arms against them, and marched in particular to the relief of Alopeconnesus, a town on the south-east of the Chersonese, of which Cephisodotus had been ordered to make himself master under the pretext of dislodging a band of pirates who had taken refuge there. Unable to cope with Charidemus, he entered into a compromise by which the place was indeed yielded to Athens, but on terms so disadvantageous that he was recalled from his command and brought to trial for his life. By a majority of only three votes he escaped sentence of death, but was condemned to a fine of five talents. This was perhaps the Cephisodotus who, in 355 BC, joined Aristophon the Azenian and others in defending the law of Leptines against Demosthenes, and who is mentioned in the speech of the latter as inferior to none in eloquence. Aristotle speaks of him as an opponent of Chares when the latter had to undergo his euthyne, or public scrutiny, after the Olynthian war, 347 BC.
Cephisodotus the Elder
Cephisodotus or Kephisodotos (flourished about 400 BC - c. 360 BC) was a Greek sculptor, perhaps the father or an uncle of Praxiteles, one of whose sculptor sons was Cephisodotus the Younger.
The one noted work of his was Eirene (Peace) bearing the infant Ploutos (Wealth), ca 380-370 BC, of which a Roman point copy exists at the Glyptothek, Munich (illustration, right) and fragments in various collections. The Eirene, commissioned by the city of Athens and set up on the Areopagus, was attributed to Cephisodotus by Pausanias in the second century AD.
Cephisodotus also made, as did his son, a figure of Hermes carrying the child Dionysus, unless indeed ancient critics have made two works of one. He made certain statues for the city of Megalopolis, founded by Epaminondas in 369 BC; Pausanias noted them in the principal temple there in the second century AD.
Two heads that were long thought to be feminine and inserted in female busts, one formerly in the Lansdowne collection and the other in the Massarenti collection, Rome, now recognized to be of Apollo, were attributed to Cephisodotus by Dorothy Kent Hill in 1974.
Cephisodotus the Younger
Cephisodotus, son of Praxiteles, brother of Timarchos and grandson of Cephisodotus the Elder. None of his work remains in originals, but in later, mostly roman copies. He was in a team with his brother a prolific sculptor of the latter part of the 4th century BC, especially noted for portraits, of Menander (ca. 80 remaining ancient replices), of the orator Lycurgus, and others.
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