People - Ancient Greece: Calamis
Ancient Greek sculptor who flourished during 5th
Calamis (5th century BC)
Calamis (fl. 5th century BC) was a sculptor of ancient Greece. He was possibly from Boeotia, but nothing certain is known of his life. He is known to have worked in marble, bronze, gold, and ivory, and was famed for statues of horses. According to Pausanias (9.16.1), Calamis produced a statue of Zeus Ammon for Pindar, and mentions a Hermes Criophorus for Tanagra (9.22.1), which was later depicted on Roman coins of the city. His statue of Apollo Alexikakos stood in the Ceramicus of Athens. He produced his most ambitious work, a 30-cubit statue of Apollo for Apollonius Pontica (on modern St. Ivan Island, Bulgaria; Pliny the Elder 34.29, Strabo 7.319). His Sosandra was praised by Lucian, and may have been copied for Aspasia, which in turn was copied by the Romans.
Calamis (4th century BC)
Calamis (fl. 4th century BC) was a Greek sculptor. One of his pupils was Praxias.
Calămis in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
（Κάλαμις). A Greek artist, who flourished at Athens about B.C. 470. He worked in marble and metal, as well as gold and ivory, and was master of sculpture in all its branches, from the chiselling of small silver vessels to the execution of colossal statues in bronze. His Apollo, at Apollonia in Pontus, was 120 feet high. This statue was carried away to Rome by Lucullus and set up on the Capitol. We hear of statues of the gods and heroic women from his hand, as well as of men on horseback and four-horsed chariots. His horses are said to have been unsurpassed. His female figures, if we may believe the ancient critics, were characterized by antique harshness and severity, but relieved by a touch of grace and delicacy.
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