People - Ancient Greece: Aristonicus
He was an ancient Greek grammarian.
Aristonīcus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
（Ἀριστόνικος). A natural son of Eumenes II. of Pergamus. Upon the death of his brother Attalus III., B.C. 133, who left his kingdom to the Romans, Aristonicus laid claim to the crown. He defeated in 131 the consul P. Licinius Crassus; but in 130 he was himself defeated and taken prisoner by M. Perperna, was carried to Rome by M'. Aquillus in 129, and was there put to death.
Aristonicus in Wikipedia
Aristonicus of Alexandria
Aristonicus (Latin; Greek Ἀριστόνικος Aristonikos) of Alexandria was a distinguished Greek grammarian who lived during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, contemporary with Strabo. He taught at Rome, and wrote commentaries and grammatical treatises.
He is mentioned as the author of several works, most of which were related to the Homeric poems.
* On the wanderings of Menelaus (περὶ τῆς Μενελάου πλάνης)
* On the critical signs of the Iliad and Odyssey (περὶ τῶν σημείων τῆς Ἰλιάδος καὶ Ὀδυσσείας), on the marginal signs by which the Alexandrian critics used to mark suspected or interpolated verses in the Homeric poems and in Hesiod's Theogony
* On ungrammatical words (ἀσυντάκτων ὀνομάτων βιβλία), a work of six books on irregular grammatical constructions in Homer
These and some other works are all now lost, with the exception of fragments preserved in the passages above referred to. By far the most important fragments of his work are preserved in the scholia of the Venetus A manuscript of the Iliad.
Aristonicus of Methymnae
Aristonicus (Latin; Greek Ἀριστόνικος Aristonikos) was a tyrant of Methymnae in Lesbos in the 4th century BCE. In 332 BCE, when the navarchs of Alexander the Great had already taken possession of the harbour of Chios, Aristonicus arrived during the night with some privateer ships, and entered it under the belief that it was still in the hands of the Persians. He was taken prisoner and delivered up to the Methymnians, who put him to death in a cruel manner.
Aristonicus (Latin; Greek Ἀριστόνικος Aristonikos) was a eunuch of Ptolemy V Epiphanes. He was brought up with the king from his early youth. Polybius speaks of him in terms of high praise, as a man of a generous and warlike disposition, and skilled in political transactions. In 185 BCE, when the king had to fight against some discontented Egyptians, Aristonicus went to Greece and engaged a body of mercenaries there.
Aristonicus of Tarentum
Aristonicus (Latin; Greek Ἀριστόνικος Aristonikos) of Tarentum was the author of a work on Greek mythology which ancient sources often refer to. He is perhaps the same as the one mentioned by Athenaeus 1.20, but nothing is known about him.
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